Origins of the Black Atlantic: New Histories

Overview

Between 1492 and 1820, about two thirds of the people who crossed the Atlantic to the Americas were Africans. With the exception of the Spanish, all the European empires settled more Africans in the New World than they did Europeans. The vast majority of these enslaved men and women worked on plantations, and their labor was the foundation for the expansion of the Atlantic economy during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

In Origins of the Black Atlantic, Laurent Dubois ...

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Overview

Between 1492 and 1820, about two thirds of the people who crossed the Atlantic to the Americas were Africans. With the exception of the Spanish, all the European empires settled more Africans in the New World than they did Europeans. The vast majority of these enslaved men and women worked on plantations, and their labor was the foundation for the expansion of the Atlantic economy during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

In Origins of the Black Atlantic, Laurent Dubois and Julius S. Scott bring together some of the key contributions to this growing area of scholarship, showing a range of methodological approaches, that can be used to understand and reconstruct the lives of these enslaved people.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'This excellent set of essays gathered and introduced by Laurent Dubois and Julius Scott will become a classic of its kind — useful to scholars, teachers, and readers of history as long as we want to understand the world of race and class we live in.'

Marcus Rediker, author of The Slave Ship: A Human History

'Any course on Atlantic revolutions would benefit from this anthology. It provides an important counter-weight to more Euro-centric accounts of the Age of Revolution by showing how enslaved people understood and re-imagined their role within the societies that had enslaved them.'

John D. Garrigus, author of Before Haiti: Race and Citizenship in French Saint-Domingue

'Laurent Dubois and Julius Scott have put together an up-to-date collection of the most interesting literature on the formation of the Black Atlantic, which could easily form the core of a course on the subject. They have been particularly careful to find literature that reveals the dynamic nature of Afro-Atlantic culture and its engagement with the political and cultural dimensions of the Americas.'

John Thornton

'An extraordinarily rich and skilfully assembled collection, and well suited to classroom use, this represents a valuable contribution to an increasingly sophisticated field.'Journal of American Studies

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415994453
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 9/14/2009
  • Series: Rewriting Histories Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 424
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Laurent Dubois is Professor of History at Duke University. He is the author of A Colony of Citizens: Revolution & Slave Emancipation in the French Caribbean, 1787-1804.

Julius Scott is a Lecturer in the History department at the University of Michigan. He is also part of their Center for Afroamerican and African Studies.

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Table of Contents

Series Editor's Preface ix

Introduction Laurent Dubois and Julius S. Scott 1

Part I People and Ideas in Circulation 7

1 A Dangerous Spirit of Liberty: Slave Rebellion in the West Indies in the 1730s David Barry Gaspar 11

2 The Jamaican Slave Insurrection Scare of 1776 and the American Revolution Richard Sheridan 26

3 Maritime Maroons: Grand Marronage from the Danish West Indies Neville A.T. Hall 47

4 "Negroes in Foreign Bottoms": Sailors, Slaves, and Communication (selection) Julius S. Scott 69

Part II Atlantic Generations 99

5 The Papacy and the Atlantic Slave Trade: Lourenço da Silva, the Capuchins, and the Decisions of the Holy Office Richard Gray 101

6 From Creole to African: Atlantic Creoles and the Origins of African-American Society in Mainland North America Ira Berlin 116

7 The Feminine Face of Afro-Catholicism in New Orleans, 1727-1852 Emily Clark Virginia Meacham Gould 159

Part III Africa in the Americas 193

8 African Soldiers in the Haitian Revolution John K. Thornton 195

9 Slave Rebellion in Brazil: The Muslim Uprising of 1835 in Bahia (selections) João José Reis 214

10 Swearing by the Past, Swearing to the Future: Sacred Oaths, Alliances, and Treaties Among the Guianese and Jamaican Maroons Kenneth Bilby 236

Part IV Insurrection and Emancipation in the Atlantic 267

11 The 1812 Aponte Rebellion and the Struggle Against Slavery in Cuba (selection) Matt D. Childs 269

12 The Slaves and Slavery Eric Williams 323

13 "Extravagant Expectations" of Freedom: Rumour, Political Struggle, and the Christmas Insurrection Scare of 1865 in the American South Steven Hahn 334

14 Reclaiming Gregoria'sMule: The Meanings of Freedom in the Arimao and Caunao Valleys, Cienfuegos, Cuba, 1880-1899 Rebecca J. Scott 365

Permission Acknowledgments 397

Index 399

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