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This clearly written and engrossing book presents a global narrative of the origins of the modern world from 1400 to the present. Unlike most studies, which assume that the "rise of the West" is the story of the coming of the modern world, this history, drawing upon new scholarship on Asia, Africa, and the New World, constructs a story in which those parts of the world play major roles.
Robert B. Marks defines the modern world as one marked by industry, the nation state, interstate warfare, a large and growing gap between the wealthiest and poorest parts of the world, and an escape from "the biological old regime." He explains its origins by emphasizing contingencies (such as the conquest of the New World); the broad comparability of the most advanced regions in China, India, and Europe; the reasons why England was able to escape from common ecological constraints facing all of those regions by the 18th century; and a conjuncture of human and natural forces that solidified a gap between the industrialized and non-industrialized parts of the world.
Now in a new edition that brings the saga of the modern world to the present, the book considers how and why the United States emerged as a world power in the twentieth century and became the sole superpower by the twenty-first century. Once again arguing that the rise of the United States to global hegemon was contingent, not inevitable, Marks also points to the resurgence of Asia and the vastly changed relationship of humans to the environment that may, in the long run, overshadow any political and economic milestones of the past hundred years.
Chapter 1: The Material and Trading Worlds, circa 1400
Chapter 2: Starting with China
Chapter 3: Empires, States, and the New World, 1500–1775
Chapter 4: The Industrial Revolution and Its Consequences, 1750–1850
Chapter 5: The Gap
Chapter 6: The Great Departure
Chapter 7: Conclusion: Change and Continuities
Posted December 4, 2008
This book presents a global narrative of the last 400 years of history. It takes a look at the East's fall as the West came to power. Most Americans think that globalization is a modern (last 100 years) concept but this book easily dispels that myth. It looks at how the last 400 years is truly world history. Only 240 pages in length and well researched this is an easy read. The amount of knowledge gathered from this short reading is very useful.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.