The Ottoman Gulf: The Creation of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar, 1870-1914 / Edition 1

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Overview

What caused the decline of the Ottoman empire in the Persian Gulf? Why has history credited only London, not Istanbul, with bringing about the birth of the modern Gulf States? Using the Ottoman imperial archives, as well as European and Arab sources, Anscombe explains how the combination of poor communication, scarce resources, and misplaced security concerns undermined Istanbul&#180s control and ultimately drove the Gulf shaikhs to seek independence with ties to the British.

Too much modern Arab history has been written as if the Ottoman Empire had virtually no standing in the unfolding events. Anscombe corrects and enriches the record by uncovering and interpreting the significant Ottoman input without, however, slighting the Wahhibi-Saudi and British-Western sources and interpretations. All are deftly balanced in this fine study. (L. Carl Brown, author of Imperial Legacy: The Ottoman Imprint on the Balkans and the Middle East)

The nineteenth-centuy Persian Gulf has been much studied but, Anscombe stresses, always relying primarily on the British archives and therefore seen predominantly from the British point of view. He instead bases his work on the Ottoman documents and sees the Gulf from the perspective of Instanbul. . . . Excellent. (Middle East Quarterly)

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Editorial Reviews

L. Carl Brown
Too much modern Arab history has been written as if the Ottoman Empire had virtually no standing in the unfolding events. Anscombe corrects and enriches the record by uncovering and interpreting the significant Ottoman input without, however, slighting the Wahhibi-Saudi and British-Western sources and interpretations. All are deftly balanced in this fine study.
Middle East Quarterly
The nineteenth-century Persian Gulf has been much studied but, Anscombe stresses, always relying primarily on the British archives and therefore seen predominantly from the British point of view. He instead bases his work on the Ottoman documents and sees the Gulf from the perspective of Instanbul. . . . Excellent.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780231108393
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • Publication date: 9/26/1997
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 288
  • Product dimensions: 6.04 (w) x 9.04 (h) x 0.65 (d)

Meet the Author

FREDERICK F. ANSCOMBE is assistant professor of history at American University in Bulgaria.

Columbia University Press

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Table of Contents

Preface
Preliminaries: Notes on Transliteration and on Currency
Introduction 1
Ch. 1 The Setting 9
Ch. 2 Resurrection of the Ottoman Role in the Gulf 16
Ch. 3 Midhat Pasha's Inspection of Hasa and His Plan for Its Development 34
Ch. 4 The Chance for Adjustment and Stability, 1872-1893 54
Ch. 5 The Case of Kuwait 91
Ch. 6 Kuwait, 1899-1913 113
Ch. 7 Arabia, 1896-1914 143
Conclusion 167
App. 1 Ottoman Officials and Heads of Arab Shaikhly Families 175
App. 2 Register of Officials, Notables, and Tribes 179
Notes 183
Glossary 243
Bibliographic Note 245
Bibliography 251
Index 261
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