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Ottoman Manufacturing in the Age of the Industrial Revolution

Overview

This book uncovers the rich, fascinating and complex world of Ottoman manufacturing and manufacturers in the age of the European industrial revolution. Focusing on small-scale home and workshop production, Professor Donald Quartaert reveals a dynamism that refutes traditional notions of a declining economy in the face of European expansion. He shows how manufacturers adopted a variety of strategies, such as reduced wages and low technology inputs, to confront European competitors, protect their livelihoods and ...
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Overview

This book uncovers the rich, fascinating and complex world of Ottoman manufacturing and manufacturers in the age of the European industrial revolution. Focusing on small-scale home and workshop production, Professor Donald Quartaert reveals a dynamism that refutes traditional notions of a declining economy in the face of European expansion. He shows how manufacturers adopted a variety of strategies, such as reduced wages and low technology inputs, to confront European competitors, protect their livelihoods and retain domestic and international customers.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"As a study that presents a wealth of information about a little-studied aspect of manufacturing in the Ottaman empire, Quartaert's book constitutes a major acheivement. Those who are interested in industry, industrialization, and European economic influence in the Middle East will ignore this study at their peril." American Historical Review

"On the whole, Quataert's book is fascinating with respect to the rich material used in illuminating organizations of production in Ottoman manufacturing. The detailed accounts of the textile industry in various regions are valuable contributions to Ottoman economic history. His various points of view regarding Ottoman manufacturing revival are stimulating challenges in future research in this area." Journal of Economic History

"...a fascinating survey of manufacturing in the Ottoman Empire from the late eighteenth century until World War I....The work is clearly written with a wealth of detail that will amaze the specialist but will not overwhelm the general reader looking for an introduction to Ottoman socio-economic history and an understanding of European industrialization's influence on the rest of the world. This excellent monograph is a ground-breaking work on Ottoman manufacturing." Bruce Masters, Journal of Interdisciplinary History

"...impeccably researched and informative book on manufacturing in the Ottoman Empire in the nineteenth century...offers penetrating insights into crucial questions on the economic development of the Third World...Quataert's data collection, a research tour de force, is unlikely to be duplicated." Middle East Journal

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521893015
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 10/3/2002
  • Series: Cambridge Middle East Library Series , #30
  • Pages: 224
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 0.59 (d)

Table of Contents

List of illustrations
List of tables
Acknowledgements
List of abbreviations
Note on weights, measures and currencies
Introduction 1
Opening remarks 1
State policy 3
The historiography of Ottoman manufacturing 7
Ottoman manufacturing in comparative perspective 15
Pt. I Manufacturing for the domestic market 21
General introduction 23
1 Raw cotton, dyestuffs and yarn production 27
Raw cotton 27
Dyestuffs 29
Handspinning 31
Ottoman spinning mills 40
2 Trends in cloth production in the Ottoman lands from Salonica to Aleppo 49
The European provinces, Istanbul, West- and West-Central Anatolia 49
East-Central and East Anatolia 61
Aleppo and northern Syria 71
3 Patterns of cloth production in the Ottoman lands from Salonica to Aleppo 80
Introduction 80
The workforce 80
Organization of home and workshop production 84
Organization of production in privately owned mechanized weaving factories 90
The fall of international markets 93
Domestic markets 95
Struggles for the internal market against foreign competitors 96
Domestic competition for domestic markets 99
Pt. II Manufacturing for the international market 105
4 Silk cloth and raw silk production 106
Introduction 107
The silk cloth industry 109
The silk reeling industry 116
5 Carpet making 134
Introduction: patterns and trends in production 134
Changing rug designs 142
Dyestuffs 144
Wool yarn 148
Diffusion of rug making 150
Working conditions, the workforce and the division of labor 154
Conclusion 161
The decline of decline 161
Beyond the decline paradigm 167
Notes 178
Bibliography 207
Index 219
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