Our Hearts Fell to the Ground: Plains Indian Views of How the West Was Lost / Edition 1by Colin G. Calloway
Pub. Date: 04/15/1996
Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
This unique anthology chronicles the Plains Indians' struggle to maintain their traditional way of life in the changing world of the nineteenth century. Its rich variety of 34 primary sources -- including narratives, myths, speeches, and transcribed oral histories -- gives students the rare opportunity to view the transformation of the West from a Native American perspective. Calloway's comprehensive introduction offers crucial information on western expansion, territorial struggles among Indian tribes, the slaughter of the buffalo, and forced assimilation through the reservation system. More than 30 pieces of Plains Indian art are included, along with maps, headnotes, questions for consideration, a bibliography, a chronology, and an index.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
Introduction: How the West Was Lost
The Indian Peoples of the Plains
The Conquest of the Plains
The Reservations and the Era of Forced Acculturation
Native Responses and the Search for Hope
Voices and Visions
1. Lone Dog's Winter Count
2. Horses, Guns, and Smallpox
How the Blackfeet Got Horses, Guns, and Smallpox
Saukamappee, Memories of War and Smallpox, 1787-1788
Howling Wolf: Trading Guns for Horses
"I Bring Death": The Kiowas Meet
3. A Pawnee Vision of the Future
Sharitarish, "We Are Not Starving Yet," 1822
4. The Life and Death of Four Bears
Four Bear's Buffalo Robe
Four Bears Kills a Cheyenne Chief
The Death Speech of Four Bears
Four Bears, Speech to the Arikaras and Mandans, July 30, 1837
5. Counting Coups and Fighting for Survival
Account of Three Coyote's Expedition
Four Dancers, Three Coyotes Leads a Skirmish
Fighting for Crow Country
Arapooish, Speech on Crow Country
Two Leggings's Quest for Power
Two Leggings, The Dream and Reality of a Raid
A Woman's View of War
Pretty Shield, "Like Talking to Winter-Winds"
"The Only Way Open to Us"
Plenty Coups, On Alliance with the United States
6. The Agony and Anger of the Eastern Sioux
Big Eagle's Account of the Great Sioux Uprising
Jerome Big Eagle, A Sioux Story of the War, ca. 1894
The Complaints of Strike the Ree, Medicine Cow, and Passing Hail
Strike the Ree, Medicine Cow, and Passing Hail, Speeches to the Special Joint Committee on the Condition of Indian Tribes, 1865
7. Massacres North and South
Account of Sand Creek
Little Bear, The Sand Creek Massacre, 1864
The Massacre on the Marias (1870)
Bear Head, Account of the Massacre on the Marias
8. Talking to the Peace Commissioners: The Treaty of Medicine Lodge, 1867
"When We Settle Down We Grow Pale and Die."
Satanta, Speech at the Treaty of Medicine Lodge
"I Want to Live and Die as I Was Brought Up."
Ten Bears, Speech at the Treaty of Medicine Lodge
"Teach Us the Road to Travel."
Satank, Speech at the Treaty of Medicine Lodge
9. The Slaughter of the Buffalo
First Hide Hunters
Luther Standing Bear, "The Plains Were Covered with Dead Bison."
The End of the Buffalo Road
Carl Sweezy, On Taking "the New Road"
"War Between the Buffalo and the White Men"
Old Lady Horse, The Last Buffalo Herd
"They Stared at the Plains, as though Dreaming."
Pretty Shield, When the Buffalo Went Away
10. The Battle on the Greasy Grass, 1876
Sioux Signs and Arikara Premonitions
Red Star, Reading the Sioux Signs
Wooden Leg, A Cheyenne Account of the Battle
Red Horse: Pictorial Record of the Battle
"The Soldiers Were All Rubbed Out."
Iron Hawk, Killing Custer's Men
"The Women and Children Cried."
Mrs. Spotted Horn Bull, A View from the Village
11. The End of Freedom
"We Are Melting Like Snow on the Hillside."
Red Cloud, Speech to the Secretary of the Interior, 1870
An Old Woman's Dream
Buffalo Bird Woman, Recalling the Old Days
"I Just Listened, Said Nothing, and Did Nothing."
Wooden Leg, Serving as Judge
Learning to Like Wohaw
Carl Sweezy, Learning the White Man's Ways
12. Attending the White Man's Schools
Early Days at Carlisle
Luther Standing Bear, Life at Boarding School, 1879
Wohaw in Two Worlds
13. The Life and Death of Sitting Bull
Scenes from a Warrior's Life
Sitting Bull's Surrender Song
"It Is Your Own Doing That I Am Here."
Sitting Bull, Report to the Senate Committee, 1883
"Lieut. Bullhead Fired into Sitting Bull."
Lone Man, The Death of Sitting Bull, 1890
14. Killing the Dream
The Messiah's Letter
Wovoka, Message to the Cheyennes and the Arapahos, ca. 1890
"Something Terrible Happened."
Black Elk, Massacre at Wounded Knee, 1890
Chronology of How the West Was Lost
Questions for Consideration
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