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These poems are about gardens, particularly the seventeenth-century French baroque gardens designed by the father of the form, André Le Nôtre. While the poems focus on such examples as Versailles, which Le Nôtre created for Louis XIV, they also explore the garden as metaphor. Using the imagery of the garden, Cole Swensen considers everything from human society to the formal structure of poetry. She looks in particular at the concept of public versus private property, asking who actually owns a garden? A gentle ...
These poems are about gardens, particularly the seventeenth-century French baroque gardens designed by the father of the form, André Le Nôtre. While the poems focus on such examples as Versailles, which Le Nôtre created for Louis XIV, they also explore the garden as metaphor. Using the imagery of the garden, Cole Swensen considers everything from human society to the formal structure of poetry. She looks in particular at the concept of public versus private property, asking who actually owns a garden? A gentle irony accompanies the question because in French, the phrase "le nôtre" means "ours." Whereas all of Le Nôtre's gardens were designed and built for the aristocracy, today most are public parks. Swensen probes the two senses of "le nôtre" to discover where they intersect, overlap, or blur.
Longtime Swensen fans will not be surprised to find a myriad of ideas and directions on a single subject-French gardens, this time-in her 12th collection. She has similarly treated hands, odd inventions, paintings and other subjects in previous books. Created for the nobility and now mostly for public usage, gardens here become all-purpose metaphors. "A garden is a tide," writes Swensen; elsewhere it's a letter, an allergy, a tithe. The book's title is a translation of the last name of Andre de Notre, the man considered to be the father of the French formal garden. The poems, even as they are peppered with detailed histories ("In 1675, Louis XIV made Andre Le Notre a noble"), are free to go anywhere. In "Marie (1573-1642)," Marie Medici, the wife of Henry IV, finds herself at the Luxembourg Gardens in the summer of 2007: "She stood a full minute, shocked and then started screaming./ The rue d'Assas has cut off the entire northwest sector, and half the trees are gone." This may be the most engaging and delightful of Swensen's recent projects. (Apr.)Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
"Remembering/that there is no difference between land and landscape/I carry my window with me/until/there is no difference." In this 12th volume of poems, award-winning poet Swensen (e.g., Try; Noon) explores myriad aspects of gardens, particularly those created by 17th-century French formal gardener André Le Nôtre. Blurring the lines between formal structures of gardens, their geometric spaces, and the geometric spaces that surround them, she observes, "André Le Nôtre thought that by gardening along the strictest principles of geometry, time/would come apart in his hands." These artistic spaces are also explored through the landscape of Swensen's organic arrangement of line. Many poems finish with notes of historical significance, and many come to ironic conclusions. While often difficult, Swensen's poems define gardens beyond traditional margins: "The Garden as Extension," "A Garden as Between," "A Garden as a Letter." By allowing for many interpretations of garden and space, of the concrete and the esoteric, of light and shadow, Swensen suggests that they "intersect(s) with the human" in a way that allows for multiple, sometimes brilliant, transcendencies. "A garden is a tide," she suggests. "A garden is a tithe." Highly recommended for contemporary poetry collections.
A Garden Is a Start
Leaving the Middle Ages
The Birth of Landscape Architecture
The Garden as Architecture Itself
The Garden as Extension
In an Effort to Make the Garden a Standing Proof
Certain Principles Must Be Observed
A Garden Occurs in Four Stages
A Garden as a Letter
A Garden as Between
A Garden as a Unit of Measure
Euclid's Eighth Theorem
Because a Garden Must End
If a Garden of Numbers
Further Notes on the Collusion of Time and Space
Charles Le Brun (1619-1690)
Labyrinths and Mazes
The Luxembourg Gardens
Versailles the Unfurled
The Divinity of the Sun King
The Garden as a Map of Louis XIV
Le Nôtre's Drawings
And the Birds, Too
The Ghost of Much Later
"YOU ARE A HAPPY MAN, LE NÔTRE"
The Gardened Heart
Tuileries, January 2007
Keeping Track of Distance