Out: A Novel

( 11 )


Nothing in Japanese literature prepares us for the stark, tension-filled, plot-driven realism of Natsuo Kirino’s award-winning literary mystery Out.

This mesmerizing novel tells the story of a brutal murder in the staid Tokyo suburbs, as a young mother who works the night shift making boxed lunches strangles her abusive husband and then seeks the help of her coworkers to dispose of the body and cover up her crime. The coolly intelligent Masako emerges as the plot’s ringleader, ...

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Nothing in Japanese literature prepares us for the stark, tension-filled, plot-driven realism of Natsuo Kirino’s award-winning literary mystery Out.

This mesmerizing novel tells the story of a brutal murder in the staid Tokyo suburbs, as a young mother who works the night shift making boxed lunches strangles her abusive husband and then seeks the help of her coworkers to dispose of the body and cover up her crime. The coolly intelligent Masako emerges as the plot’s ringleader, but quickly discovers that this killing is merely the beginning, as it leads to a terrifying foray into the violent underbelly of Japanese society.

At once a masterpiece of literary suspense and pitch-black comedy of gender warfare, Out is also a moving evocation of the pressures and prejudices that drive women to extreme deeds, and the friendships that bolster them in the aftermath.

A masterpiece in this genre—Prize jury, Mystery Writers of Japan

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Editorial Reviews

From Barnes & Noble
Barnes & Noble Discover Great New Writers
With volcanic urgency, Kirino's story erupts onto the page with a searing heat, flowing like lava to a remarkable finish. Facing the daily burdens of slavish work conditions, stale marriages, and a society refusing to show them a proper respect, the women on the nightshift at a suburban Tokyo factory are all looking for one thing -- a way out. When pretty young Yayoi takes a beating from her deadbeat husband, her coworkers do little more than help their friend keep pace with the line. But a new kind of sisterhood emerges when Yayoi requires assistance in disposing of her dead husband's body.

Masako Katori emerges as a tenaciously determined leader in the dangerous cover-up, and with the others, provides readers with a disturbing vision of the lengths a human mind will travel in its quest for freedom. For Kirino's women aren't ruthless murderers; they're hardworking housewives with dignity, desperate for respect.

Discover rarely selects a mystery novel for our literary distinction, but unlike more formulaic crime novels, Kirino's work travels outside the boundaries of category fiction and gets under the skin. It's rare when a novel is so well rendered, so reaching in scope, and so thematically relevant that it surpasses its genre and demands a wider readership. Out does that and more. (Fall 2003 Selection)

From the Publisher
A nervy thriller. . . . Out has the force of a juicy tabloid scandal. . . . A potent cocktail of urban blight, perverse feminism and vigilante justice.” –The New York Times Book Review

“Scarily omniscient. . . . Like Walter Mosley, [Kirino] exploits the beat-down potential of the hard-boiled novel to depict life on society's bottom in ways that subtly read as one part social protest, one part sadomasochistic entertainment.” –The Village Voice

“A gutsy, unflinching foray into the darkest, most dangerous recesses of the human soul. . . . Riveting, hair-raising . . . definitely not for the faint-of-heart.” –Minneapolis Star-Tribune

“Mingling biting feminist commentary with engrossing storytelling . . . a scathing allegory about the subjugation of women in Japanese society and the secret lives this forces them to lead.” –The New York Times

“Masterful and psychologically astute.” –San Francisco Chronicle

“A brutally realistic picture of contemporary society. . . . Spare, unsentimental.” –Newsweek

“So dark, so gruesome . . . it left this reader reeling. No gritty urban American tale of violence can match the horror of Out.” –Carol Memmott, USA Today

“Daring and disturbing, Out is prepared to push the limits of this world–not only in violence and sex but also in human outlook. . . . Remarkable.” –Los Angeles Times

“Truly a universal tale. . . . Kirino knows not only everybody’s business but everybody’s mind–her way with interior monologue is pungent and prismatic.” –The Village Voice

“Brings the mystery thriller to new levels of intensity and realism. . . . Out has great plot twists, vigor, and an ending that would make Hannibal Lecter smile.” –Library Journal (starred review)

“Sensational.” –Time Out, NY

“Finally, a masterpiece in this genre . . . . a novel that realistically shows how ordinary people can be drawn into committing brutal crimes.” — Prize Jury, Mystery Writers of Japan

“Forget about flower arranging and geisha girls. . . . Out offers an intriguing look at the darker sides of Japanese society while smashing stereotypes about Japanese women.” –Washington Post Book World

“A knuckle-clenching thriller.” –Entertainment Weekly

“Grimly satisfying . . . like no one you’ve ever read before.” –Kirkus Reviews

Out descends beneath the genre’s foundation to provide a remarkable series of insights into the forces that drive the charnel house of a postindustrial culture.” –American Book Review

“Dark, seductive and occasionally brutal, Out explores the lower classes of Japanese society with a distinctive gallows humor.” –Book

“A gutsy, unflinching foray into the darkest, most dangerous recesses of the human soul. And the book’s riveting, hair-raising final scenes, although definitely not for the faint-at-heart, serve as an unsettling reminder that the desperate desire for freedom has the potential to set any ordinary individual among us off down a very dark and lonely road.” –Minneapolis Star-Tribune

Out turns the whole subservient geisha image on its head.” –Jane

“Absurdly compelling—a superb and riveting thriller.” –Book Trust (UK)

“An exciting, disturbing read. . . . Kirino’s Tokyo is an unexpected place, far from the glamorous stereotype.” –Telegraph (UK)

“A feminist revenge plot meets social critique and hardcore horror in a startling Japanese mix of satire and sensation.”–The Independent (UK)

“A page-turning thriller that at the same time delivers one of the most powerful wallops for feminist literature in recent memory.”–Telegraph Magazine (UK)

San Francisco Chronicle
A masterful and psychologically astute novel.
Minneapolis Star Tribune
A gusty, unflinching foray into the darkest, most dangerous recesses of the human soul.
Black Book
A daring account of empowered Japanese women, and just too damn macabre to discount.
Dark, seductive and occasionally brutal, Out explores the lower classes of Japanese society with a distinctive gallows humor.
The New York Times
The underworld of pimping and casinos fuels the novel's suspense, as a Brazilian laborer, a haunted ex-convict and a Chinese prostitute play roles in the sinister plot. At its best, Out has the force of a juicy tabloid scandal: we witness the insidious merging of desperation and violence. … Out is a potent cocktail of urban blight, perverse feminism and vigilante justice. — Katherine Wolff
The Washington Post
Out is not easy to read. The passages of violence, in particular, are hampered by an abruptness that borders on the choppy, probably caused by the complexity of translating from the Japanese. But it is a fascinating tale nonetheless. Noir fans will find themselves turning page after page in hopes of discovering that at least some of the women survive. — Katy Munger
Publishers Weekly
Four women who work the night shift in a Tokyo factory that produces boxed lunches find their lives twisted beyond repair in this grimly compelling crime novel, which won Japan's top mystery award, the Grand Prix, for its already heralded author, now making her first appearance in English. Despite the female bonding, this dark, violent novel is more evocative of Gogol or Dostoyevsky than Thelma and Louise. When Yayoi, the youngest and prettiest of the women, strangles her philandering gambler husband with his own belt in an explosion of rage, she turns instinctively for help to her co-worker Masako, an older and wiser woman whose own family life has fallen apart in less dramatic fashion. To help her cut up and get rid of the dead body, Masako recruits Yoshie and Kuniko, two fellow factory workers caught up in other kinds of domestic traps. In Snyder's smoothly unobtrusive translation, all of Kirino's characters are touching and believable. And even when the action stretches to include a slick loan shark from Masako's previous life and a pathetically lost and lonely man of mixed Japanese and Brazilian parentage, the gritty realism of everyday existence in the underbelly of Japan's consumer society comes across with pungent force. (Aug.) FYI: This novel has been made into a Japanese motion picture. Copyright 2003 Reed Business Information.
Library Journal
Published for the first time in English, this critically acclaimed Japanese novel brings the mystery thriller to new levels of intensity and realism, drawing readers into a nightmare of murder, suspicion, and fear. Four women, night-shift workers at a factory, band together to help a co-worker who strangles her deadbeat husband. The mastermind, Masako Katori, a middle-aged wife and mother, steers this group of despairing women out of their dead-end lives and into the dangerous underworld of murder and deceit. Skillfully crafted, the novel reveals the frustrations and pressures that drive these women to such extreme measures; the realistic detailing of everyday routines gradually draws the unsuspecting reader into a horrific plot that unfolds into a terrific cat-and-mouse game with the police, the yakuza crime organization, and these sinister women. Winner of Japan's top mystery award, Out has great plot twists, intensity, and an ending that would make Hannibal Lecter smile. This title will fit well in any public library collection.-Ron Samul, New London, CT Copyright 2003 Reed Business Information.
Kirkus Reviews
Horrifying violence lurks a hairsbreadth beneath the surface of drab modern Tokyo in veteran Kirino's award-winning English-language debut. Masako Katori works with three friends making box lunches on a night-shift assembly line. Night after night they take turns dishing rice into containers, smoothing it out, placing pieces of meat or fish on top, and covering it with sauce before returning home in dull despair to their tiny apartments, indifferent mates, unresponsive children, and mounting debts. One night one of the team strangles her abusive husband and, remorseless but fearful of exposure, calls on Masako for help. Soon all four friends know about the murder, and they all band together to conceal it from the authorities. Their unlikely strategy, whose every banal discussion and grisly procedure is presented in pitiless detail, doesn't entirely succeed in fooling the police. But the women have made far more dangerous enemies, from an aspiring rapist in their factory to a nightclub owner their handiwork has inadvertently put out of business, and what happens to them unfolds in a series of shocks it would be unfair to reveal. Dramatic as the plot is, however, it's the penetration of Kirino's insight into her characters and their capacity to keep surprising each other that linger longest in this grimly satisfying tale. Crime and Punishment meets A Simple Plan-yet in the end Kirino manages her banal heroines' descent into hell like no one you've ever read before. (N.B.: The Japanese film of Out premiered in New York in late May.)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781400078370
  • Publisher: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group
  • Publication date: 1/4/2005
  • Series: Vintage International Series
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Pages: 416
  • Sales rank: 219,810
  • Lexile: 820L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 5.17 (w) x 7.99 (h) x 0.84 (d)

Meet the Author

Natsuo Kirino, born in 1951, quickly established a reputation in her own country as one of a rare breed of mystery writer whose work goes well beyond the conventional crime novel. This fact has been demonstrated by her winning not only the Grand Prix for Crime Fiction in Japan–for Out in 1998–but one of its major literary awards–the Naoki Prize in 1999, for Soft Cheeks (to be published in English). Several of her books have also been turned into full-scale movies.

Out is the first of her novels to appear in English and was nominated for an Edgar Award. Natsuo Kirino lives in Japan.

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Read an Excerpt

Night Shift


She got to the parking lot earlier than usual. The thick, damp July darkness engulfed her as she stepped out of the car. Perhaps it was the heat and humidity, but the night seemed especially black and heavy. Feeling a bit short of breath, Masako Katori looked up at the starless night sky. Her skin, which had been cool and dry in the air-conditioned car, began to feel sticky. Mixed in with the exhaust fumes from the Shin-Oume Expressway, she could smell the faint odor of deep-fried food, the odor of the boxed-lunch factory where she was going to work.

"I want to go home." The moment the smell hit her, the words came into her head. She didn't know exactly what home it was she wanted to go to, certainly not the one she'd just left. But why didn't she want to go back there? And where did she want to go? She felt lost.

From midnight until five-thirty without a break, she had to stand at the conveyor belt making boxed lunches. For a part-time job, the pay was good, but the work was backbreaking. More than once, when she was feeling unwell, she'd been stopped here in the parking lot by the thought of the hard shift ahead. But this was different, this feeling of aimlessness. As she always did at this moment, she lit a cigarette, but tonight she realized for the first time that she did it to cover the smell of the factory.

The boxed-lunch factory was in the middle of the Musashi-Murayama district, facing a road that was abutting the gray wall of a large automobile plant. Otherwise, the area was given over to dusty fields and a cluster of small auto repair shops. The land was flat and the sky stretched in every direction. The parking lot was a three-minute walk from Masako's workplace, beyond another factory, now abandoned. It was no more than a vacant lot that had been roughly graded. The parking spaces had once been marked off with strips of tape, but dust had long since made them almost invisible. The employees' cars were parked at random angles across the lot. It was a place where no one would be likely to notice someone hiding in the grass or behind a car. The whole effect was somehow sinister, and Masako glanced around nervously as she locked the car.

She heard the sound of tires, and for an instant the overgrown summer grass that bordered the lot shone in the yellow headlights. A green Volkswagen Golf cabriolet, top down, drove into the lot, and her plump co-worker, Kuniko Jonouchi, nodded from the driver's seat.

"Sorry I'm late," she said, pulling the car into the space next to Masako's faded red Corolla. Her driving seemed careless, and she made more noise than necessary putting on the hand brake and closing the car door. Everything about her was shrill and gaudy. Masako stubbed out her cigarette with the toe of her sneaker.

"Nice car," she said. The subject of Kuniko's car had come up a number of times at the factory.

"You really think so?" Kuniko said, sticking out her tongue in pleasure at the compliment. "But it's got me up to my eyes in debt." Masako gave a noncommittal laugh. The car didn't seem to be the only source of Kuniko's debts. She had nothing but designer accessories, and her clothes were obviously expensive.

"Let's go," Masako said. Sometime after the New Year, she'd begun to hear talk of a strange man hanging around the road that led from the parking lot to the factory. And then several of the part-timers had reported being pulled into the shadows and assaulted before barely escaping; so the company had just issued a warning that the women should walk in groups. They set off through the summer darkness along the unpaved, ill-lit road. On the right was a ragged line of apartment blocks and farmhouses with large gardens-not particularly appealing but at least a sign of life in the area. On the left, beyond an overgrown ditch, was a lonely row of abandoned buildings: an older boxed-lunch factory, a derelict bowling alley. The victims said that their attacker had dragged them between the deserted buildings, and so Masako kept careful watch as she and Kuniko hurried along.

From one of the apartment houses on the right, they could hear a man and woman arguing in Portuguese; more than likely they worked at the factory. In addition to the housewives who worked part-time, the factory employed a large number of Brazilians, both ethnic and of Japanese descent, many of them married couples.

"Everybody's saying that the pervert is probably a Brazilian," said Kuniko, frowning into the darkness. Masako walked on without answering. It didn't make much difference where the man was from, she thought, there was no cure for the kind of depression that came from working in that factory. The women would just have to protect themselves as best they could. "They say he's a big, strong man, that he grabs the women and holds them without saying a word." Something in Kuniko's tone betrayed a hint of longing. Masako felt that Kuniko was somehow blocked, closed off, like a thick cloud cover obscuring the stars at night. From behind them came the sound of squeaking bicycle brakes, and when they turned nervously to look, they found an older woman straddling her bike.

"So, it's you two," she said. "Hi." It was Yoshie Azuma. She was a widow in her late fifties, with nimble fingers that made her the fastest worker on the line. The other women had taken to calling her "Skipper" out of grudging respect.

"Ah, the Skipper. Good morning," Masako said, sounding relieved. Kuniko said nothing but dropped back a step.

"Don't you start calling me that, too," said Yoshie, but she seemed secretly pleased with the name. Climbing off her bike, she fell in step with the other two. She was small but solidly built in a low-slung way that seemed ideally suited to physical labor. Yet her face was fine-featured and pale, floating up now almost seductively out of the darkness. It was perhaps this contradiction that made her seem unhappy, somehow unfortunate. "I suppose you're walking together because of the fuss they've been making about that pervert," she said.

"That's right," said Masako. "Kuniko's still young enough to be in danger." Kuniko giggled. She was twenty-nine. Yoshie skirted a puddle that was glimmering in the dim light and turned to look at Masako.

"You're still in the running yourself," she said. "You're what, forty-three?"

"Don't be silly," Masako said, suppressing a laugh. The compliment made her feel self-conscious in a way she rarely did anymore.

"Then you're all dried up, are you? Cold and dry?" Yoshie's tone was teasing, but it seemed to Masako that she'd hit the nail on the head. She did feel cold and dry, almost reptilian, as she slithered along now.

"But aren't you a bit later than usual today?" she said, to change the subject.

"Oh, Granny's been a little difficult." Yoshie frowned and fell silent. She was caring for her bedridden mother-in-law at home. Masako stared straight ahead, deciding to avoid any more questions. As they cleared the row of deserted buildings on the left, they came upon several of the white trucks that delivered the boxed lunches to convenience stores across the city, and beyond the trucks loomed the factory itself, shining dimly in the fluorescent light like a nightless city.

They waited while Yoshie went to park her bike in the racks next to the factory, and then climbed the green, Astroturf-covered stairs that led up the side of the building. The entrance was on the second floor. To the right was the office, and down the corridor was the workers' rest area and the locker rooms. The factory itself was on the ground floor, so once they'd changed, they would make their way downstairs. Shoes had to be removed on the red synthetic carpet at the factory entrance. The fluorescent light washed out the color of the carpet, so that the hallway looked rather gloomy. The complexions of the women around her also seemed darkened, and as she looked at her weary companions, Masako wondered if she looked as bad herself. Komada, the tight-lipped company health inspector, was stationed in front of the cubbyholes where they stored their shoes, and as each woman walked by, she rubbed her back with a spool of sticky tape to remove any dust or dirt she might be bringing in.

They entered the large tatami-mat room that served as the employees' lounge. Small groups of people were chatting here and there, having already changed into their white uniforms. They sipped tea or munched snacks as they waited for work to begin, while a few had found spots in the corner to lie down for a quick nap. Of the nearly one hundred workers on the night shift, about a third were Brazilian, and of these roughly half were men. And since it was the middle of the summer holidays, the number of student workers had increased somewhat; still, the great majority of the employees were part-timers, housewives in their forties or fifties.

The three women exchanged nods with friends as they made their way toward the changing room, but then they noticed Yayoi Yamamoto sitting alone in a corner. She looked up at them as they approached, but no smile came to her face and she remained slumped on the tatami.

"Morning," Masako said to her, and at last she smiled faintly for a moment. "You look exhausted." Yayoi nodded weakly and gave them a despondent look but still didn't answer. Yayoi was the best-looking of the four women-in fact, she was the most attractive woman on the night shift. Her face was almost flawless, with a broad forehead and a nice balance between the eyes and the brow, an upturned nose and full lips. Her body, too, though petite, was perfect. Her looks were so conspicuous at the factory that a number of women had taken to bullying her, though others were nice to her. Masako had adopted the role of her protector, perhaps because the two of them were so different. While Masako herself did her best to live her life according to reason and common sense, Yayoi seemed to be dragging a good deal of emotional baggage through the world. Almost unconsciously, she held on to yesterday's sorrows, playing the role of a pretty woman at the mercy of cluttered and volatile feelings.

"What's up?" asked Yoshie, thumping her on the shoulder with a rough, red hand. "You look bad." Yayoi gave a violent start and Yoshie turned toward Masako, who signaled the other two to go on without her and sat down in front of Yayoi.

"Are you sick?" she asked.

"No, it's nothing."

"Did you have another fight with your husband?"

"I'd be happier if he were still even willing to fight with me," she said glumly, her bleary eyes staring off at some point beyond Masako. Realizing they would have to start work soon, Masako began gathering her hair into a bun.

"What happened?" she said.

"I'll tell you later," said Yayoi.

"Why not now?" Masako urged, glancing at the clock on the wall.

"No, later. It's a long story." A look of rage appeared on Yayoi's face for an instant, then vanished. Giving up the effort, Masako rose to go.

"Okay," she said. She hurried into the changing room to find her uniform. It was only nominally a room, with no more than a curtain separating it from the lounge. On the wall were crowded rows of sturdy hangers, like those at a department store sale. In the section for the daytime employees, the soiled white uniforms hung in tight clusters, while the space reserved for the night shift was bright with multicolored street clothes.

"We'll see you down there," said Yoshie as she and Kuniko left the lounge. It was time to punch in. According to the rules, they had to punch the time clock between 11:45 and midnight and then wait downstairs at the entrance to the factory floor.

Masako pulled her hanger from the bar. It held a white gown with a zipper down the front and a pair of work pants with elastic at the waist. She quickly slipped the gown over her shoulders and, noting the position of the men in the room, pulled off her jeans, then stepped into the work pants. There was no separate changing room for the men, and though she'd been working here nearly two years she still couldn't get used to the arrangement.

After slipping a black net over the hair she'd already gathered with a barrette, she covered her head with the paper hat they all wore, more like a shower cap than a real hat. Someone had nicknamed them "locusts" for their bug-like shape. She picked up a clear plastic apron and left the changing room, only to find Yayoi still sitting where she'd left her, as if she had nothing better to do.

"Hey! Better get a move on," she said, but when she saw how slow she was to get up, she was more worried than bothered. Almost all the other employees had already left the lounge; only a few Brazilian men still lingered on the tatami. They were leaning against the wall smoking, their thick legs thrown out in front of them.

"Morning," said one of them, raising a hand that was still wrapped around a cigarette butt. Masako nodded, giving him a thin smile. The name tag on his chest said "Kazuo Miyamori," but Masako couldn't help thinking how foreign he looked, with his darkish skin, caved-in face, and protruding forehead. She imagined he did one of the more physical jobs, such as shuttling rice to the automated feeder. "Good morning," he said, this time to Yayoi, though she was too distracted to look at him. He seemed disappointed, but then this kind of thing happened often enough in this cold, unfriendly workplace.

They went into the toilet for a moment before donning their masks and aprons. Hands were rubbed raw with scrubbing brushes and then disinfected. They punched their time cards, stepped into the white work shoes, and were checked once more by the health inspector, who had taken up a new station by the stairs that led down to the plant. Once again Komada rubbed their backs with the tape roller while carefully inspecting their fingernails and hands.

"No cuts?" Even the smallest scratch on a finger meant you were ineligible for any job that involved touching food. Masako and Yayoi held up their hands for inspection. Yayoi seemed about to collapse as she stood waiting for the test to end.

"Are you all right?" Masako asked.

"Yes, I guess," said Yayoi.

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Reading Group Guide

Edgar Award Finalist

“A nervy thriller. . . . Out has the force of a juicy tabloid scandal. . . . A potent cocktail of urban blight, perverse feminism and vigilante justice.” —The New York Times Book Review

The introduction, discussion questions, suggestions for further reading, and author biography that follow are designed to enhance your group’s exploration of Out, a daring and disturbing psychological thriller set in contemporary Japan. Written by Natsuo Kirino, one of Japan’s most popular writers, Out won Japan’s Grand Prix for Crime Fiction and was an Edgar Award Finalist for Best Mystery Novel in the United States.

1. Masako believes that she “did her best to live her life according to reason and common sense” [p. 7]. Is her decision to work at a low-paying factory job based solely on common sense? What other motivations does she have for working at the factory? What psychological needs does the job fulfill? In what ways is the choice a reaction to her experiences in her previous job at an upscale credit and loan company?

2. Kuniko wishes “she were a different woman, living a different life, in a different place, with a different man” [p.15]. Yoshie “had wrapped up everything personal that mattered in a tight package . . . and in its place she had developed a single obsession: diligence. This was her trick for getting by” [p. 23]. What do these descriptions convey about how each woman deals with life’s realities? Are their approaches typical of women of their respective ages? Is there a common thread between them?

3. How does Kirino make the friendship among the four women, so very different in age and character, believable? How do the women’s perceptions of one another differ from the way they perceive themselves? What literary devices does Kirino use to bring this difference to light?

4. What finally gives Yayoi the strength and resolve to kill Kenji? Has she simply been pushed over the edge? How does the realization that she hates Kenji [p. 44] affect her? Does giving a name to her emotions make it easier for her to act?

5. Masako and Yayoi discuss getting rid of the body in a calm, collected manner [pp. 49–55]. Why do you think the author chose this tone? What impact does it have on the reader? Does it distance you from the characters—or subtly draw you into the conspiracy?

6. Each of the women finds a way to justify her participation in the grisly task of hiding Yayoi’s crime. Are Yoshie and Kuniko simply seduced by the promise of money, or are their reasons for participating more complicated? What does Masako discover about herself as she organizes the cover-up?

7. A series of careless mistakes and coincidences expose the group to dangers they could not have foreseen. In what ways do their individual flaws and weaknesses contribute to their difficulties? Do their admirable qualities—Masako’s intelligence and her strength as a leader, and Yoshie’s loyal, trusting nature, for example—also play a part in their downfall?

8. As a young man, Satake committed a crime so horrible that even his fellow gang members were shocked [p. 38]. His personal reaction has shaped his life ever since, cutting him off from his own emotions and isolating him from other people. How does Kirino humanize him and move beyond a stereotyped portrait of sociopath to present a character that engages the reader’s interest, and perhaps even elicits sympathy?

9. There are two major secondary characters in Out: Anna, who loves Satake, and Kazuo, the Brazilian factory worker infatuated with Masako. Do they see something that the other characters, including Satake and Masako themselves, cannot see? Is it significant that both of them are émigrés, raised in non-Japanese traditions?

10. Why does Kirino present the climactic confrontation between Masako and Satake from both their points of view? What does this dual perspective reveal about the psychology of violence?

11. Throughout the book, people are struck by Masako’s coldness and the darkness that seems to surround her. Does the final scene offer satisfactory answers to the puzzle?

12. Kirino draws a grim picture of life in contemporary Japan. How are the points she makes unique to Japanese society? Are there any parallels to American society?

13. In an interview, Kirino remarked, “I don’t think I exclusively tell stories of women criminals. However, being a woman in this society is mainly an anonymous existence. I don’t think the fact that . . . women are nameless and overlooked is a good thing. [JapaneseReview.Net]. Would you characterize Out as a feminist novel?

14. Are the graphic descriptions of dismemberment and sex in Out excessive? Are they included merely to shock the reader, or are they essential to the plot and our understanding of the characters?

15. What is the significance of the novel’s title? In addition to escaping detection, how does the need to get out apply to Masako and the others? Which of the characters succeeds?

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Customer Reviews

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  • Posted June 9, 2009

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    Quite literally one of the best novels I've ever read

    Natsuo Kirino is a hero. That sounds overly dramatic, I'm sure, but it's true. She boldly goes where most authors shy away from (particularly female authors), and she spares us the sugar-coating and overly-done romance. She gets to the meat of the story and involves us with characters so much like people we ourselves are aquainted with that we start asking ourselves: "what if this was happening to me? What would I do?" I was hooked from the first page and literally sad when the last page ended. Her other works are amazing, but this is the crown jewel. Don't miss this book; not only is it a great thriller/edge of your seat, fast-paced story, it also takes you into the lower class of Japan - a real life look at something most Americans know nothing about. Kirino deserves all the respect in the world for this novel.

    4 out of 4 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted April 5, 2011

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    Never Again!

    This book was too long and too detailed...YES, too detailed. It did keep your attention once it finally got started, but wasn't good enough that I couldn't put it down. I only read this because it was a book club pick, but other than that, I wouldn't recommend it to anyone nor will I read it again.

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted December 28, 2009

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    Crazy is the first word I think of when describing this book!

    I read this book a few months ago, and I said I was going to check out Natsuo's other novels (I just didn't get around to it.) I have never read anything like this before. Its about 4 women who work in a box lunch factory and one has a husband that is just horrible to her, so she kills him. The plot thickens when she involves the other three to dispose of his body by cutting it up and dropping bags full of his dismembered body all over the city. They then go as far as starting a side business doing this for a mob boss...That's all you get..buy the book and prepare to be grossed out, while continuing to turn the page because you can't put it down!

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  • Posted August 9, 2009

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    4 stars for OUT

    Out by Natsuo Kirino was not on my list of books to read in this week or even in the near future, but while perusing my bookshelves it caught my eye and my attention for the next 2 days. I'm not even sure when I bought this (common condition among book-buying addicts) but I'm glad I did.
    Written by a popular Japanese crime fiction writer, Out is the story of 4 women who work night shifts together in a Tokyo factory. Yayoi kills her abusive husband then enlists the help of her 3 friends. Masako decides they need to dispose of the body with careful and gruesome planning. The only thing they have in common is their bleak lives and disposing of a body does not insure a life-long bond. What occurs next is a mix of conspiracy, blackmail, corruption, insurance fraud, loan-sharking, gambling, and more violence.
    I found Out to be gripping, but not just a plot based novel. Kirino takes the reader into the lives of these ordinary women and shows how they can become involved in events they never would have imagined. How far will someone go when pushed, what are we really capable of, and how well do we know ourselves, much less those around us? Out is a phenomenal but very dark, disturbing read. Not recommenced for those that only enjoy light mysteries. It is gritty and thought-provoking. I highly recommend to fans of suspense novels.

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  • Posted May 4, 2009

    Dark, gruesome and enormously engaging

    It's rare that a book engages you so completely. The originality of this book comes not only from the fact it is based in Japan, but more from the subject matter. If you are looking for uplifting, this is not for you, a happy ending, look elsewhere. You leave this book wanting to sympathise with one of the characters but they are all so flawed that not a single character is truely worth saving.

    The book is gruesome, is set in the squalor of Tokyo, the body count is high and the murder methods unusual. But it is the quality of the characters that is so interesting is this book and if you can cope with the squeemishness of bodies being cut up and processed for disposal, you will not be disappointed.

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 20, 2009

    Sick, Disturbing

    The weak of stomach and heart should not read this book. It is certainly a different type of read and one that I would move towards with trepidation, particularly if you do not know what it is about to start out with.

    0 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted January 31, 2009

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    The deepest and darkest of a human psyche.

    This book, with all its stark bareness, struck me deep. I've never read anything as psychologically striking as this novel -- it takes admirable ability and courage to delve as deep into the darkest corners of the human psyche as this author goes. Read between the lines and you find the grit hiding underneath the fingernails of the ordinary people you pass by on the streets. It's remarkably poignant, and very revealing.<BR/><BR/>The Japanese, from what I've seen with their movies (animated and live action both), their animes, and their literature, are very much into stripping away the straps that cover up what makes a human "human" -- psychological, and sometimes even spiritual, Kirino-sensei sets herself a very high standard. <BR/><BR/>Her characters are real, and yet at the same time surreal. Their lives are very ordinary, but she manages to make them seem special and worthy of attention. The complexity of their personalities -- especially their neuroses -- are startling, and nothing short of fascinating. The plot grips you and takes you for a jolting, variably-paced ride -- it will keep you reading until the very last page.<BR/><BR/>This book is very graphic, and definitely not for the faint of heart. The bareness and honesty of it, though, only enhances the charm. At least, that's what I think.<BR/><BR/>Pay special attention to the inner battle the main character goes through as she starts conflicting between her inherent humanity and the circumstances in her life that force her practical mind to make the choices she makes throughout the book. It's a gripping read, and it'll leave you turning the events over inside your head days -- even a week -- after you've finished reading it.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted December 30, 2007

    A tour de force like no other

    Incredible. One of the best books I¿ve ever read in my entire life. Natsuo Kirino has mastered the art of digging into the deep and sometimes-scary recesses of a character¿s psyche, and much kudos to Stephen Snyder for bringing this amazing novel into the English language.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 12, 2008


    This book easily transports you into the world of the main characters and once you start reading it, you just can't stop! It's amazing how the author gives each reader a different experience as the storyline flows from the simple to the bizarre.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted December 4, 2007

    A reviewer

    Such a review title would imply a brusque reader and I am nothing of the sort. I want to pull a potential reader into a deeply psychological study of murder committed by a betrayed wife and covered up by her lunch box factory co-workers who previously had about as much expressed interest in her life as a 10 day old frozen dinner reheated. I found this book after taking my first cruise to the Caribbean -where else for a first cruise! I followed my cruise by reading some wonderful Latin American authors 'Rosario Ferre , Cristina Garcia' and decided to read other translations. It is the middle of January, daytime temperatures averaging 10 in Iowa and I picked the work of a chillingly writer. Granted Japanese culture is reserved. This author tells a story of people driven by life forces so quiet and powerful that there is no way out of an unconventional situation but 'Out.'

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  • Anonymous

    Posted November 9, 2007

    Fantastic reading!!

    Was looking for some different authors of mysteries and found 'Out' and read the reviews. Sounded like it would be an attention getter and bought it. It was so well written that it was impossible for me to put it down. When doing other things, this book drew me back to it. One of the best if not the best book I've read.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted September 24, 2007


    An excellent book. A dark labyrinth. It has all you can ask for in a crime/mystery book: a brutal murder, sometimes colorful and psychologically disturbed characters, a cat and mouse race, an obsession, misunderstood individuals and a bold gut-wrenching finale. Fast-paced and well written, a descriptive account of the darkest part of human nature. In short, a story about what really happens when people SNAP. CAUTION: THIS BOOK WILL SCAR YOU FOR LIFE!

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  • Anonymous

    Posted May 23, 2007

    This book has opened my eyes

    When I read another book of natsuo kirino i was obsessed. On the back of the book i read of hers i noticed all these great reviews of ' out ' needless to say that day i went out and bought it. I'm telling you i couldn't put it down. It was full of Just every emotion you could feel. I loved it. Bravo!!!!!

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 14, 2007

    Gripping and Amazing!

    I started reading this book and I could not put it down. I would...attempt to do something else, but I found myself gravitating back to the book just to find out what happens next. I was on the edge of my seat the entire time I read. Yes, it was graphic in some parts, but that only added to the suspense and the aura of awesomosity. I think anybody looking for a well-written thriller has found the perfect match in OUT.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 16, 2007

    Don't miss this book!

    I am an avid reader and I can tell you that this book will keep you on the edge of your seat. There were times that I walked away from it so that it would last longer. This is a GREAT writer and I plan on reading the new one in hardback. It is very graphic in places so - take note if you have a weak stomach. I will continue to read this author.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted February 2, 2007

    Could Not Put the Book Down

    This is an amazingly written and translated book. 'Out' is a true page turner. At times graphic- but rounded out with a very interesting web of characters and glimpse into a slice of Tokyo. I have passed the book on to American and Japanese friends.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted November 22, 2006

    a book that finally realizes the real japan

    I loved this book because it explores this other world that is so different from america. gangs,prostitutes, and murder make this book enticing as its is engrossing.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted May 27, 2006

    plunge the knife a little deeper...

    It was amazing! I've never read anything so utterly gripping before! The characterization is wonderful and the ideas, structure, composition of this story are so imaginative and impressive! I love, love, LOVE the protagonist Matsuko ~ he's such a strong, memorable character, even if she was a little on the scary side... I'm not even a big fan of 'mystery' novels, but this was such an exception! Go out and get this book right away if you like expansive, impressive, well-structured novels!

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  • Anonymous

    Posted June 26, 2006

    Excellent! Gripping! Not Your Typical Book!!

    I picked up this book purely by accident. I was looking for a good mystery book and was checking out Dennis Lehane's titles. This book was in the row above it and for some reason I picked it up and checked out the back cover and flipped through a few pages. This is one of the BEST and WELL-WRITTEN books I've read in awhile. I hate reviews that give away the plotline so all I'll say is just when you think you've figured out the next step of one or another character, it veers off into an entirely new direction. Read this book. You won't be sorry. Don't read it and you'll have missed out on a great talent! I hope she writes more AND that they are translated just as quickly

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  • Anonymous

    Posted May 9, 2005


    I saw this book at my local bookstore and on a whim, read the cover. Putting it back, I put it on my birthday wish list. I shouldn't have hesitated. Kirino is an excellent storyteller and you will be pulled in faster than you think. The book is fast-paced, never dull, and you find yourself quickly immersed in the characters' lives. Though often graphic, it supplies great commentary.

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