Outcasts from Evolution: Scientific Attitudes of Racial Inferiority, 1859 - 1900 / Edition 1

Outcasts from Evolution: Scientific Attitudes of Racial Inferiority, 1859 - 1900 / Edition 1

by John S. Haller Jr.
     
 

ISBN-10: 0809319829

ISBN-13: 9780809319824

Pub. Date: 01/01/1996

Publisher: Southern Illinois University Press

In the only book to date to explore the period between the 1859 publication of Darwin’s Origin of Species and the discovery in 1900 of Gregor Mendel’s experiments in genetics, John S. Haller, Jr., shows the relationship between scientific "conviction" and public policy. He focuses on the numerous liberally educated American scientists who were

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Overview

In the only book to date to explore the period between the 1859 publication of Darwin’s Origin of Species and the discovery in 1900 of Gregor Mendel’s experiments in genetics, John S. Haller, Jr., shows the relationship between scientific "conviction" and public policy. He focuses on the numerous liberally educated American scientists who were caught up in the triumph of evolutionary ideas and who sought to apply those ideas to comparative morality, health, and the physiognomy of nonwhite races.

During this period, the natural and social scientists of the day not only accepted without question the genetic and cultural superiority of the Caucasian; they also asserted that the Caucasian race held a monopoly on evolutionary progress, arguing that "inferior races" were no more than evolutionary survivors doomed by their genetic legacy to remain outcasts from evolution.

Hereditarians and evolutionists believed that "less fit" human races were perishing from the rigors of civilization’s struggle and competition. Indeed, racial inferiority lay at the very foundation of the evolutionary framework and, remaining there, rose to the pinnacle of "truth" with the myth of scientific certainty.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780809319824
Publisher:
Southern Illinois University Press
Publication date:
01/01/1996
Edition description:
1st Edition
Pages:
248
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

Illustrations
Preface to New Edition
Preface
IAttitudes of Racial Inferiority in Nineteenth-Century Anthropometry3
IIThe Physician versus the Negro40
IIIThe Species Problem: The Origin of Man Controversy69
IVRace and the Concept of Progress in Nineteenth-Century Ethnology95
VFrom Biology to Sociology: Spencer and His Disciples121
VIPortraits of Nineteenth-Century Academic Thinking on Race153
VIIThe Politics of "Natural" Extinction203
Bibliographical Essay211
Index223

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