Outdoor Monuments of Manhattan: A Historical Guide

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Overview

Stop, look, and discover—the streets and parks of Manhattan are filled with beautiful historic monuments that will entertain, stimulate, and inspire you. Among the 54 monuments in this volume are major figures in American history: Washington, Lincoln, Lafayette, Horace Greeley, and Gertrude Stein; more obscure figures: Daniel Butterfield, J. Marion Sims, and King Jagiello; as well as the icons of New York: Atlas, Prometheus, and the Firemen's Memorial. The monuments represent the work of some of America's best sculptors: Augustus Saint Gaudens’ Farragut and Sherman, Daniel Chester French’s Four Continents, and Anna Hyatt Huntington’s José Martí and Joan of Arc.

Each monument, illustrated with black-and-white photographs, is located on a map of Manhattan and includes easy-to-follow directions. All the sculptures are considered both as historical mementos and as art. We learn of furious General Sherman court-martialing a civilian journalist, and also of exasperated Saint Gaudens’ proposing a hook-and-spring device for improving his assistants' artistic acuity as they help model Sherman. We discover how Lincoln dealt with a vociferous Confederate politician from Ohio, and why the Lincoln in Union Square doesn't rank as a top-notch Lincoln portrait. Sidebars reveal other aspects of the figure or event commemorated, using personal quotes, poems, excerpts from nineteenth-century periodicals (New York Times, Harper's Weekly), and writers ranging from Aeschylus, Washington Irving, and Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi to Mark Twain and Henryk Sienkiewicz.

As a historical account, Outdoor Monuments of Manhattan: A Historical Guide is a fascinating look at figures and events that changed New York, the United States and the world. As an aesthetic handbook it provides a compact method for studying sculpture, inspired by Ayn Rand’s writings on art. For residents and tourists, and historians and students, who want to spend more time viewing and appreciating sculpture and New York history, this is the start of a unique voyage of discovery.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

“[Durante’s] guidebook is a perfect walking-tour accompaniment to help New Yorkers and visitors find, identify and better appreciate statues famous and obscure (honoring, among others, the ‘father of gynecology’ and the general who had an unremarkable military and business career but composed ‘Taps,’ the bugle call). . . . Durante winsomely places 54 monuments in historical and artistic perspective. We learn that a trumpet is an allegory for announcing fame, that the monument to Admiral Farragut in Madison Square Park altered the course of American sculpture, that the figure with the winged hat atop Grand Central Terminal is Mercury and that the statue of Atlas at Rockefeller Center was reviled when it was unveiled in 1937 because it supposedly resembled Mussolini. Let’s hope Ms. Durante follows up in the other four boroughs.”
-The New York Times

,

“Anyone whose curiosity has ever been piqued by the peculiar mixture of historical statues that ornament the grounds of Central Park will find Outdoor Monuments by Dianne Durante a satisfying read. . . . The entries provide background on each work’s origin, explaining, for example, how a statue of the medieval Polish king Jagiello came to be in New York alongside more predictable allegorical and American patriotic figures. A brief history of the subject is also provided, including enough lively anecdotes and obscure facts to entice all readers.”
-Sculpture Magazine

,

“[Durante] tackles her task in the manner of a walking tour. . . . The language of the book is friendly and chatty, as if the author were in front of you, conducting an on-site lecture. . . . The purpose of the book is to encourage people to go and see the wealth of outdoor sculpture in Manhattan, and the book treats this purpose with the enthusiasm the subjects deserve.”
-The Art Book

,

Outdoor Monuments of Manhattan is a primer on getting to know our city’s monuments. . . . Each entry has a uniform structure. It contains a photo, vital stats (year dedicated, size, materials), an ‘About the Sculpture’ section, and an ‘About the Subject’ section, as well as a carefully chosen boxed quotation culled from an old book or newspaper that pertains to the subject. . . . Outdoor Monuments of Manhattan is well written, well researched, well-thought-out, funny, and often refreshingly original, and will help any interested New Yorker know about the wondrous monuments that dot the city.”
-New York Sun

,

New York Times
[Durante’s] guidebook is a perfect walking-tour accompaniment to help New Yorkers and visitors find, identify and better appreciate statues famous and obscure (honoring, among others, the ‘father of gynecology’ and the general who had an unremarkable military and business career but composed taps, the bugle call). . . . Durante winsomely places 54 monuments in historical and artistic perspective. We learn that a trumpet is an allegory for announcing fame, that the monument to Admiral Farragut in Madison Square Park altered the course of American sculpture, that the figure with the winged hat atop Grand Central Terminal is Mercury and that the statue of Atlas at Rockefeller Center was reviled when it was unveiled in 1937 because it supposedly resembled Mussolini. Let’s hope Ms. Durante follows up in the other four boroughs.
Sculpture Magazine
Anyone whose curiosity has ever been piqued by the peculiar mixture of historical statues that ornament the grounds of Central Park will find Outdoor Monuments by Dianne Durante a satisfying read... The entries provide background on each work’s origin, explaining, for example, how a statue of the medieval Polish king Jagiello came to be in New York alongside more predictable allegorical and American patriotic figures. A brief history of the subject is also provided, including enough lively anecdotes and obscure facts to entice all readers.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780814719862
  • Publisher: New York University Press
  • Publication date: 2/1/2007
  • Pages: 302
  • Product dimensions: 5.70 (w) x 8.30 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Dianne L. Durante is a freelance writer, lecturer, and researcher living in Brooklyn, New York. She is author of Forgotten Delights: The Producers, A Selection of Manhattan's Outdoor Sculpture.

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Table of Contents


Map of Manhattan     viii
Introduction     1
South of Canal     7
Statue of Liberty   Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi     9
John Ericsson   Jonathan Scott Hartley     14
Giovanni da Verrazzano   Ettore Ximenes     19
Continents   Daniel Chester French     23
Charging Bull   Arturo Di Modica     30
George Washington   John Quincy Adams Ward     34
Horace Greeley   John Quincy Adams Ward     38
Nathan Hale   Frederick MacMonnies     43
Canal to Union Square North     47
Fiorello La Guardia   Neil Estern     49
Peter Cooper   Augustus Saint Gaudens     53
Alexander Lyman Holley   John Quincy Adams Ward     58
Washington Arch   Hermon MacNeil   Alexander Stirling Calder     63
George Washington   Henry Kirke Brown     68
Marquis de Lafayette   Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi     72
Abraham Lincoln   Henry Kirke Brown     77
Peter Stuyvesant   Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney     82
17th Street to CentralPark South     87
Edwin Booth as Hamlet   Edmond T. Quinn     89
Roscoe Conkling   John Quincy Adams Ward     93
Farragut Monument   Augustus Saint Gaudens     97
Samuel Rea   Adolph A. Weinman     102
Bell Ringers' Monument (James Gordon Bennett Memorial)   Antonin Jean Paul Carles     106
William Cullen Bryant Memorial   Herbert Adams     110
Gertrude Stein   Jo Davidson     115
William Earl Dodge   John Quincy Adams Ward     118
Cornelius Vanderbilt   Ernst Plassmann     122
Glory of Commerce   Jules-Felix Coutan     126
Father Francis P. Duffy   Charles Keck     130
Prometheus   Paul Manship     135
Atlas   Lee Lawrie     139
News   Isamu Noguchi     142
Central Park South to 110th Street     147
Sherman Monument   Augustus Saint Gaudens     149
Simon Bolivar   Sally James Farnham     155
Jose Marti   Anna Hyatt Huntington     159
Maine Monument   Attilio Piccirilli      163
Columbus Monument   Gaetano Russo     169
Christopher Columbus   Jeronimo Sunol     174
William Shakespeare   John Quincy Adams Ward     179
Richard Morris Hunt Memorial   Daniel Chester French     184
King Jagiello   Stanislaw Kazimierz Ostrowski     188
Eleanor Roosevelt   Penelope Jencks     192
Verdi Monument   Pasquale Civiletti     195
Theodore Roosevelt   James Earl Fraser     200
Alexander Hamilton   Carl Conrads     204
Joan of Arc   Anna Hyatt Huntington     208
Firemen's Memorial   Attilio Piccirilli     211
Straus Memorial   Augustus Lukeman     215
Dr. James Marion Sims   Ferdinand von Miller II     219
De Witt Clinton   Adolph A. Weinman     223
110th Street and North     227
Alma Mater   Daniel Chester French     229
Thomas Jefferson   William Ordway Partridge     233
Carl Schurz Monument   Karl Bitter     237
Daniel Butterfield   Gutzon Borglum     241
Alexander Hamilton    William Ordway Partridge     245
El Cid Campeador   Anna Hyatt Huntington     249
Afterword     255
How to Read a Sculpture     259
Questions for Looking at Sculpture     259
Identifying the Theme of Joan of Arc (#44)     262
Evaluating the Cid (#54)     266
Questions Regarding the Theme and Evaluation of Butterfield (#52)     269
Statues in Chronological Order by Date of Dedication     275
Brief Biographies of Artists     277
Permissions     287
Index     289
About the Author     302
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