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Phase I of Southern Shores opened in 1946 with fifty oceanfront building sites offered in pairs for $2,000. No lots sold that first year. The success of Millionaire's Row had taught Frank Stick that improved building sites sold more quickly than vacant lots, but lumber and other traditional building supplies were still reserved for government use. This stalled the construction of new homes. Desperate to show some profit, Stick decided to build himself a house. In the process, he created a new vernacular architectural formThe Flat Top. . . .
Stick lured Hatteras Islander, Curtis Grey to move to Kitty Hawk. Together they set up a factory in Kitty Hawk Village that manufactured 42-pound bricks from sand mined from local beaches. These cement blocks were the principal material used to construct Flat Top cottages until the mid-1950s when the North Carolina legislature banned the use of beach gravel for manufacturing concrete. . . .
Three of the first five Flat Tops, built between 1947-48, have survived. They are Frank Stick's own home, the Taylor-Covington house, and Grandmother Graves' cottage.