Outsourcing America: The True Cost of Shipping Jobs Overseas and What Can Be Done About It / Edition 1

Outsourcing America: The True Cost of Shipping Jobs Overseas and What Can Be Done About It / Edition 1

4.5 4
by Ron Hira, Lou Dobbs, Anil Hira, Anil Hira
     
 

ISBN-10: 081440989X

ISBN-13: 9780814409893

Pub. Date: 04/30/2008

Publisher: AMACOM Books

One of the most controversial topics in the news is the outsourcing of American jobs to other countries. Outsourced jobs have extended well beyond the manufacturing sector to include white-collar professionals, particularly in information technology, financial services, and customer service. Outsourcing America reveals just how much outsourcing is taking

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Overview

One of the most controversial topics in the news is the outsourcing of American jobs to other countries. Outsourced jobs have extended well beyond the manufacturing sector to include white-collar professionals, particularly in information technology, financial services, and customer service. Outsourcing America reveals just how much outsourcing is taking place, what its impact has been and will continue to be, and what can be done about the loss of jobs.

More than an exposé, Outsourcing America shows how offshoring is part of the historical economic shift toward globalism and free trade, and demonstrates its impact on individual lives and communities. In addition, the book now features a new chapter on immigration policies and outsourcing, and advice on how individuals can avoid becoming victims of outsourcing. The authors discuss policies that countries like India and China use to attract U.S. industries, and they offer frank recommendations that business and political leaders must consider in order to confront this crisis—and bring more high-paying jobs back to the U.S.A.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780814409893
Publisher:
AMACOM Books
Publication date:
04/30/2008
Edition description:
Revised
Pages:
288
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.10(d)
Age Range:
17 Years

Table of Contents

Contents

Foreword by Lou Dobbs ix

Preface xiii

Acknowlegments xvii

Chapter 1: What Outsourcing Means for America 1

Outsourcing Cannot Be Ignored 2

What Actually Happens with Outsourcing 5

The Outsourcing Debate Is Misleading 6

Is Outsourcing Inevitable? 7

The Potential Impacts Are Far-Reaching 8

Why Outsourcing Is Fool’s Gold for Companies 9

What the U.S. Can Do About Outsourcing 10

Conclusion 12

Chapter 2: Outsourcing in a Larger Context 15

Free Trade Is Not Really “Free” 16

The Effects Can Vary Greatly 16

Understanding Historical Developments 18

Trading Jobs for Competitive Advantage 19

How Other Nations Handled Trade Competition 20

Conclusion 22

Chapter 3: The Public Debate on Outsourcing Is Misleading 25

What Experts Say About Outsourcing 26

Open Proponents of Outsourcing 30

Critics of Outsourcing 35

Conclusion 41

Chapter 4: Outsourcing of High-Wage Jobs 43

How Much Outsourcing Is Happening? 43

How Outsourcing Snowballs 48

A Lack of Government Monitoring 52

The Upward Trends in Offshore Outsourcing 54

Offshore Outsourcing in Other Developed Countries 59

Where the Jobs Are Heading 61

Chapter 5: Why Companies Are Moving Jobs Overseas 67

Reason #1: Cost and Salary Differences 67

Reason #2: Domestic Outsourcing as a Strategy 72

Reason #3: Better or Unique Talent Overseas 75

Reason #4: No Penalty for Destroying U.S. Jobs 76

Reason #5: U.S. Tax Incentives 80

Reason #6: Technological Change 81

Reason #7: Access to Emerging Markets with Proactive Policies 85

Reason #8: Easier with Experience 86

Reason #9: U.S. Immigration Policies 86

Reason #10: Corporate Strategy That No Longer Includes Workers 88

Conclusion 90

Chapter 6: The Far-Reaching Effects of Outsourcing on the U.S. Economy 95

The Long-Run Impacts on Economic Efficiency 96

The Impacts on U.S. Labor Demand 100

The Impacts on Types of Occupations and Education 109

The Threats to U.S. Technological Capacity 116

Conclusion 121

Chapter 7: The Human Face of Outsourcing: The Impact on Individual

Workers and Communities 125

The Immediate Impact on American Workers 126

The Long-Run Impact on American Workers 129

The Impact on Individuals 130

The Impact on Communities 135

The Indian-American Community: A Special Case 140

Conclusion 142

Chapter 8: How Our Dysfunctional Immigration Policy Fuels Outsourcing 147

Introduction 147

Some Immigration Basics 148

How Guest Workers Promote Outsourcing 150

Three Fundamental Design Flaws in the H-1B Program 151

Shutting Out the Best and Brightest 162

What We Should Do? 163

Chapter 9: How Developing Countries Attract American Jobs 167

Why Software Companies Move Overseas 168

Outsourcing to India 170

The Rise of Indian Software 173

The Indian Diaspora Brought High-Tech Home 175

Why Bangalore? The Development of the Indian

Software Cluster 176

The Indian Government’s High-Tech Policies 177

An Overview of China’s Proactive IT Policy 181

The Implications for Other Developing Countries 184

What’s Down the Road? 186

Conclusion 187

Chapter 10: Outsourcing in Europe and Canada 193

Introduction 193

Europe Is on Fire 193

European Outsourcing: The Irish Miracle and the

Eastern Frontier 195

Canada: Keeping Quiet—for the Moment 197

Light at the End of the Tunnel? Why Offshoring

Does Not Have to Mean a Race to the Bottom 199

Chapter 11: Ten Policy Recommendations 205

1. Acknowledge That a Problem Exists 207

2. Gather the Right Data to Study the Problem 208

3. Reform U.S. Visa Policies That Encourage Offshore

Outsourcing 210

4. Adopt More Pragmatic Approaches to Government

Procurement 211

5. Overhaul Assistance Programs for Displaced Workers 213

6. Establish Better Protections for Workers 215

7. Train the Next Generation of Workers to Have Lifelong

Marketable Skills 218

8. New Institutions Are Needed to Represent the Interests of Workers 220

9. Maintain Our Technological Leadership 221

10. Institute Trade Policies in the U.S. National Interest 223

Conclusion 227

Appendix A: Defining Outsourcing 231

Outsourcing 231

Offshore Outsourcing 233

Offshoring or Offshore Sourcing 233

On-Site Offshore Outsourcing 233

Insourcing 234

Global Sourcing 235

Best-Shore, Near Shore, All-Shore, etc. 235

Appendix B: Analysis of Key Outsourcing Studies 237

ITAA Study 237

Mann Report 238

McKinsey Report 241

Appendix C: Legislation Introduced Related to Outsourcing 243

Federal Legislation 243

State Legislation 246

Bibliography 247

Index 263

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Outsourcing America: The True Cost of Shipping Jobs Overseas and What Can Be Done About It 4.5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 4 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
( mutters something and wipes the blood off her dagger )
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Yells from the hall. "I said lovebirds!" The knife flies back and pierces her leg. "Don't throw anything at me ever again!" Disappears.
DrMIS More than 1 year ago
I used some of Drs. Hira's literature to support my dissertation and was amazed at the depth of information these professors was able to locate, especially from our congressmen and senators.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago