Outsourcing Sovereignty: Why Privatization of Government Functions Threatens Democracy and What We Can Do about It

Outsourcing Sovereignty: Why Privatization of Government Functions Threatens Democracy and What We Can Do about It

by Paul R. Verkuil
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521686881

ISBN-13: 9780521686884

Pub. Date: 07/31/2007

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Reliance on the private military industry and the privatization of public functions has left our government less able to govern effectively. When decisions that should have been taken by government officials are delegated (wholly or in part) to private contractors without appropriate oversight, the public interest is jeopardized. Books on private military have…  See more details below

Overview

Reliance on the private military industry and the privatization of public functions has left our government less able to govern effectively. When decisions that should have been taken by government officials are delegated (wholly or in part) to private contractors without appropriate oversight, the public interest is jeopardized. Books on private military have described the problem well, but they have not offered prescriptions or solutions this book does.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521686884
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
07/31/2007
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
248
Sales rank:
948,905
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.55(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments     xi
Chart     xiii
Introduction and Overview - Why Outsourcing Threatens Democracy     1
Concerns of this Book     1
Perspectives and Plan     6
The Iran-Contra Roots of the Outsourcing Controversy     9
The Relevance of Iran-Contra to Outsourcing Sovereignty     10
The Counterlessons of Iran-Contra and the Rise of Executive Privilege     11
Iran-Contra as a Preview to Iraq     12
Outsourcing Policy Making to the Iraq Study Group?     13
A Note on the Meaning of Sovereignty     14
The Outsourcing of Sovereignty     23
The Private Military     25
The New Private Military: Blackwater and Friends     26
Managing the Public-Private Military     28
Private Solutions to Natural Disasters and National Security     30
DHS, FEMA, and Natural Disasters     31
Contracting-Out National Security at the Border     33
Contracts to Secure Borders     34
Challenges to Public Control of Border Contractors     35
Homeland Security, Inc.     36
The Advent of Private Prisons and Private Police     37
Distinctions between Private Regimes     38
Contracting forPrisons by the State     39
The Prison Contract and Public Accountability     39
Lingering Doubts about Private Prisons     40
A Note on Rendition and Private Prisons     41
Contracting-Out the Analysis Function: The Hidden Hand of Administration     42
Deciding as Public Management     43
Examples of Delegated Decision Making     45
Case Study: Public and Private Approaches to Transportation Security     57
An Introduction to Transportation Security     57
The Role for Government in Airline Security in the United States     58
The New Consensus     59
The Values of Public Employment - Loyalty and Reliability     60
Privatization and Airport Screeners in Europe     62
Privatization in Europe     63
The Right to Travel as a Privatizing Incentive     64
Theories of Public and Private Control in Airport Security     65
The Politics of Port Security     68
The Dubai Ports Debacle     69
The Present State of Public Control     70
The Public-Private Distinction     78
An Overview of the Public-Private Distinction     79
Constitutional Connections to the Public-Private Distinction     81
The Fifth Amendment's "Public Use" Requirement     81
The Rise and Fall of "Affected with a Public Interest"     83
Public Functions and Process Limits     85
The Overlap between State Action and Due Process     86
The New Due Process and Privatization     87
Alternatives to Due Process     88
The Private Contractor Accountability Conundrum     89
The Case for Constitutional Governance     102
Constitutional Restraints on Delegation     103
Due Process Limits on Private Delegations     105
Appointments Clause Limits on Private Delegations     106
The Distinction between "Significant" and "Authority" - Where Does the Buck Stop?     109
Note on the Oath Requirement and the Role of Congress     112
Statutory and Administrative Limitations on Private Delegations     121
Nondelegation, Subdelegation, and Discretionary Acts     121
Nondelegable Duties of Government     121
The Subdelegation Act     122
Contracting-Out and the Circular A-76 Process     124
The A-76 Process     125
Critiques of the A-76 Process     127
The Special Problems of Contracting-Out and the Military     129
Outsourcing Government Services: Contract Theory and Practice     140
A Contractarian Approach to Delegation of Public Authority to Private Hands: Carter Coal Meets Boston Ice     141
Nondelegation, Due Process, and Carter Coal     141
Contractual Nondelegation and Boston Ice     143
Constitutionalizing the Contract Analogy     145
Contracts and Competition     146
An Overview of DOD Contracts with Private Providers     146
Single Sourcing in Government Contracts - The Iraq Effect     147
The Governance Virtues of Competitive Contracts     149
Contracts and Agency Cost Theory     150
Structural Reforms to Government     158
Distinguishing Public Servants from Private Contractors: Of Foxes and Hedgehogs     159
Public Support for Improving Government Functions: Volcker and Beyond     161
Organization of Mission-Oriented Agencies     163
Political versus Career Officials - The Need for Professional Managers     164
Comparative Performance Data on Political and Career Officials     165
Political Appointees at FEMA     165
The Connection between Political Appointees and Consultants     166
Operational Effectiveness - Freeing Managers to Govern     168
Governance, Not Government - The Market State Effect      169
The Market State and Its Limits     170
Public-Private Partnerships as Alternatives     171
The General Approach to Public-Private Partnerships     172
Case Study: PPPs and Infrastructure Protection     173
Proposals for Enhancing Leadership     174
The Bold Move - National Service     175
A Modest Proposal - Inducements to Public Education and Training     176
Preserving the False Claims Act     178
Conclusions (Wherein the Principal Instructs Her Agents)     187
To the Executive and the Agencies     188
On the Military Side     188
On the Civilian Side     190
To the Congress     192
To the Courts     194
Conclusion     196
Cases     199
Bibliography     205
Index     229

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