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Outstanding Women Athletes: Who They Are and How They Influenced Sports In America / Edition 2

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DescriptionA unique combination of history, biography, bibliography, and statistics, the widely acclaimed first edition of Outstanding Women Athletes has now been updated to reflect the many significant changes that have taken place in women's sports in America in recent years. Now added are the biographies of 26 sports figures who have recently emerged as role models in traditional women's sports such as tennis and figure skating as well as in sports that historically excluded women such as mountain climbing, bullfighting, and boxing. Also new is a chapter profiling 10 women's championship teams, including each organization's history, brief biographies of 200 selected team members, and major team achievements.

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Editorial Reviews

VOYA - Nancy Thackaberry
Each of the eighty-six biographical selections presented in this book begins with an introductory paragraph painting that athlete as a one-of-a-kind who has enriched women's sports. Nancy Lieberman-Cline writes in the foreword "[the] women profiled, struggle[d] on and off the playing fields." This struggle is apparent in each essay as the athlete's personal drive to overcome obstacles is incorporated into a one- to two-page entry that also includes statistics, achievements, and recognitions up to 1997. Perhaps more than the thirty sports represented here could have been covered in short entries; I was thrilled to find an entry for rock climber Lynn Hill, but disappointed that Ultimate Frisbee (sometimes called Frisbee Football) was not represented. Amelia Earhart is the single aviator mentioned while National Guard helicopter pilot Colonel Jessica L. Wright, the first woman to command an aviation brigade in the Army, is excluded. Some less significant but noteworthy athletes are given mention in the chronological listing of milestones in women's sports. New to this edition are ten team biographies, where key individual team players are given a paragraph each. Well overdue recognition is given to the Raybestos Brakettes (fast-pitch softball), the U.S.A. Softball Women's National Team, and the U.S. Women's National Soccer Team. Sheryl Swoopes, the first female athlete to have an athletic shoe named after her, is mentioned after the 1996 U.S.A. Olympic Women's Basketball Team essay (her endorsement achievement is not). This complete reference source seems outdated already without the 1998 Olympic Women's Ice Hockey, Softball, and Basketball Teams, but the expanding world of women's sports continues and ensures a welcome third edition. Index. Photos. Biblio. Source Notes. Further Reading. Chronology. Appendix. VOYA Codes: 5Q 4P M J S (Hard to imagine it being any better written, Broad general YA appeal, Middle School-defined as grades 6 to 8, Junior High-defined as grades 7 to 9 and Senior High-defined as grades 10 to 12).
Library Journal
Now in its second edition, this resource on women athletes by historian Woolum is organized into three parts: history, biographies of individual athletes and teams, and resources/appendixes. Criteria for inclusion, new to this edition, are women who have won titles in major events and "had a significant impact on sports in America," thus allowing for the inclusion of such athletes as Monica Seles and Manon Rheaume. Excluding the index (unseen), this edition adds 125 pages to the 1992 book. The historical section not only updates the chronology but is also rewritten to be clearer and to expand information on African Americans and some sports. Twenty-six athletes have been added to the bibliographical section, for a total of 86, and the chapter on teams is entirely new and includes Olympic gold medal teams. The resources section contains lists of organizations and books by sport, while the appendixes list female winners: Olympic gold medalists through 1998, national champions, and NCAA Division I champions. Most holdover biographies have been revised and/or updated, and nearly all include books for further reading. Clearly and entertainingly written, this book successfully escapes a mind-numbing recitation of achievements. An excellent reference for students, middle school through college, that would prove useful and enjoyable for general readers as well.--Kathryn Ruffle, Coll. of New Caledonia Lib., Prince George, BC
School Library Journal
Gr 5 Up-Woolum discusses the history of women's sports, provides overviews of athletes and teams, includes a sport-by-sport annotated bibliography, and offers appendixes full of statistics. This edition features much more information than the original (1992) and captures many of the recent advances that women have made in the sports world. In addition to 26 new biographies, the author has added a chapter on outstanding teams, including the 1996 Olympic Gold Medal U.S. Women's National Soccer Team, the 1996 Olympic Gold Medal U.S. Women's Gymnastics Team, and the 1945 Rockford Peaches (the team portrayed in the movie A League of Their Own). Most of the black-and-white photographs appeared in the previous edition. There are a few shortcomings. Woolum states that Babe Zaharias "...bore the brunt of the stereotypes and prejudices many women athletes faced during this era of American women's sports," but does not elaborate on what these stereotypes and prejudices were or the impact that they had. Also, the columns are reversed in the entry on Evelyn Ashford. Encyclopedia of Women and Sport in America (Oryx, 1998) covers much of the same material. Either title would complement the sports reference section of any library.-Barb Lawler, Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, PA
The national champions featured in this update of the 1991 edition erode the results of a 1985 Miller Lite/Women's Sports Foundation survey indicating a lack of role models as a barrier to women's participation in sports. Revisions by Woolum, a member of the 1995 US National Bowling Team, include biographies and data extended through 1997, descriptions of recent Olympic Games, and reflections on the 25th anniversary of the Title IX amendment outlawing discrimination in federally-funded education programs. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781573561204
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 6/15/1998
  • Edition description: Subsequent
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 426
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 0.94 (d)

Meet the Author

JANET WOLLUM is the author of the first edition of Outstanding Women Athletes: Who They Are and How They Influenced Sports in America.

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Table of Contents

Pt. I History of Women's Sports 1
Ch. 1 Women in American Sports 3
Ch. 2 Women in the Olympics 35
Pt. II Biographies and Teams 75
Ch. 3 Outstanding Women Athletes Who Influenced American Sports 77
Michelle Akers (soccer player) 77
Tenley Albright (figure skater) 79
Constance M. K. Applebee (field hockey coach) 81
Evelyn Ashford (track and field sprinter) 82
Tracy Austin (tennis player) 85
Senda Berenson (basketball innovator) 86
Patty Berg (golfer) 88
Bonnie Blair (speed skater) 90
Fanny Blankers-Koen (track and field star) 92
Susan Butcher (sled-dog racer) 94
Connie Carpenter-Phinney (cyclist) 96
Florence Chadwick (long-distance swimmer) 98
Nadia Comaneci (gymnast) 99
Maureen Connolly (tennis player) 102
Donna de Varona (swimmer) 103
Gail Devers (track and field sprinter) 105
Jean Driscoll (wheelchair athlete) 107
Camille Duvall (water-skier) 109
Amelia Earhart (aviator) 110
Gertrude Ederle (long-distance swimmer) 113
Teresa Edwards (basketball player) 115
Janet Evans (swimmer) 117
Chris Evert (tennis player) 119
Lisa Fernandez (softball player) 122
Peggy Fleming (figure skater) 124
Juli Furtado (mountain bike racer) 126
Althea Gibson (tennis player) 127
Lucy Giovinco (bowler) 131
Diana Golden (disabled ski racer) 132
Michelle Gould (racquetball player) 135
Steffi Graf (tennis player) 136
Janet Guthrie (auto racer) 138
Dorothy Hamill (figure skater) 141
Alison Hargreaves (mountain climber) 143
Carol Heiss (figure skater) 144
Sonja Henie (figure skater) 146
Lynn Hill (rock climber) 148
Flo Hyman (volleyball player) 150
Charmayne James (barrel racer) 152
Lynn Jennings (distance runner) 153
Joan Joyce (softball player) 155
Florence Griffith Joyner (track and field sprinter) 156
Jackie Joyner-Kersee (track and field heptathlete) 158
Billie Jean King (tennis player) 161
Micki King (diver) 164
Olga Korbut (gymnast) 166
Julie Krone (jockey) 169
Marion Ladewig (bowler) 171
Andrea Mead Lawrence (Alpine skier) 173
Nancy Lieberman-Cline (basketball player) 175
Nancy Lopez (golfer) 177
Alice Marble (tennis player) 179
Christy Martin (boxer) 181
Helene Mayer (fencer) 183
Patricia McCormick (diver) 184
Floretta Doty McCutcheon (bowler) 186
Ann Meyers (basketball player) 188
Cheryl Miller (basketball player) 190
Shannon Miller (gymnast) 192
Helen Wills Moody (tennis player) 194
Shirley Muldowney (drag racer) 195
Martina Navratilova (tennis player) 198
Cindy Nelson (Alpine skier) 201
Paula Newby-Fraser (triathlete) 203
Mary Lou Retton (gymnast) 204
Manon Rheaume (ice hockey goalie) 207
Cathy Rigby (gymnast) 208
Wilma Rudolph (track and field sprinter) 210
Joan Benoit Samuelson (marathon runner) 213
Cristina Sanchez (bullfighter) 214
Eleonora Sears (all-around athlete) 216
Monica Seles (tennis player) 218
Mary Decker Slaney (middle-distance runner) 220
Francie Larrieu Smith (middle-distance runner) 222
Vivian Stringer (basketball coach) 223
Patricia Head Summitt (basketball coach) 225
Wyomia Tyus (track and field sprinter) 227
Glenna Collett Vare (golfer) 229
Grete Andersen Waitz (marathon runner) 231
Kathy Whitworth (golfer) 233
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