The Oxford History of the Prison: The Practice of Punishment in Western Society / Edition 1by Norval Morris
Pub. Date: 12/18/1997
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The word "prison" immediately evokes stark images: forbidding walls spiked with watchtowers; inmates confined to cramped cells for hours on end; the suspicious eyes of armed guards. They seem to be the inevitable and permanent marks of confinement, as though prisons were a timeless institution stretching from medieval stone dungeons to the current era… See more details below
The word "prison" immediately evokes stark images: forbidding walls spiked with watchtowers; inmates confined to cramped cells for hours on end; the suspicious eyes of armed guards. They seem to be the inevitable and permanent marks of confinement, as though prisons were a timeless institution stretching from medieval stone dungeons to the current era of steel boxes. But centuries of development and debate lie behind the prison as we now know ita rich history that reveals how our ideas of crime and practices of punishment have changed over time.
In The Oxford History of the Prison, a team of distinguished scholars offers a vivid account of the rise and development of this critical institution. Penalties other than incarceration were once much more common, from such bizarre death sentences as the Roman practice of drowning convicts in sacks filled with animals to a frequent reliance on the scaffold and on to forms of public shaming (such as the classic stocks of colonial America). The first decades of the nineteenth century saw the rise of the full-blown prison systemand along with it, the idea of prison reform. Alexis de Tocqueville originally came to America to write a report on its widely acclaimed prison system.
The authors trace the persistent tension between the desire to punish and the hope for rehabilitation, recounting the institution's evolution from the rowdy and squalid English jails of the 1700s, in which prisoners and visitors ate and drank together; to the sober and stark nineteenth-century penitentiaries, whose inmates were forbidden to speak or even to see one another; and finally to the "big houses" of the current American prison system, in which prisoners are as overwhelmed by intense boredom as by the threat of violence. The text also provides a gripping and personal look at the social world of prisoners and their keepers over the centuries. In addition, thematic chapters explore in-depth a variety of special institutions and other important aspects of prison history, including the jail, the reform school, the women's prison, political imprisonment, and prison and literature.
Fascinating, provocative, and authoritative, The Oxford History of the Prison offers a deep, informed perspective on the rise and development of one of the central features of modern societycapturing the debates that rage from generation to generation on the proper response to crime.
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Table of Contents
|Ch. 1||Prison Before the Prison: The Ancient and Medieval Worlds||3|
|Ch. 2||The Body and the State: Early Modern Europe||49|
|Ch. 3||The Well-Ordered Prison: England, 1780-1865||79|
|Ch. 4||Perfecting the Prison: United States, 1789-1865||111|
|Ch. 5||The Victorian Prison: England, 1865-1965||131|
|Ch. 6||The Failure of Reform: United States, 1865-1965||169|
|Ch. 7||The Prison on the Continent: Europe, 1865-1965||199|
|Ch. 8||The Contemporary Prison: 1965-Present||227|
|Ch. 9||The Australian Experience: The Convict Colony||263|
|Ch. 10||Local Justice: The Jail||297|
|Ch. 11||Wayward Sisters: The Prison for Women||329|
|Ch. 12||Delinquent Children: The Juvenile Reform School||363|
|Ch. 13||Confining Dissent: The Political Prison||391|
|Ch. 14||The Literature of Confinement||427|
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