Oxford Textbook of Philosophy of Psychiatry

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Overview

Mental health research and care in the twenty first century faces a series of conceptual and ethical challenges arising from unprecedented advances in the neurosciences, combined with radical cultural and organisational change. The Oxford Textbook of Philosophy of Psychiatry is aimed at all those responding to these challenges, from professionals in health and social care, managers, lawyers and policy makers; service users, informal carers and others in the voluntary sector; through to philosophers, neuroscientists and clinical researchers. Organised around a series of case studies in five key topic areas - concepts of disorder, the philosophical history of psychopathology, philosophy of science, ethics and philosophical value theory, and philosophy of mind - the book provides a detailed introduction to the field and a framework for study and skill development. Each case study is supported by selected readings from both philosophy and mental health, thinking skills exercises, self-test questions, key learning points and detailed guides to further reading. There is an introduction for philosophers to classification and descriptive psychopathology, and for practitioners to philosophical methods (including logic). The philosophical topics covered include philosophical methods (analytic and Continental); phenomenology, hermeneutics and existentialism, logical empiricism and its successors; idealism and realism; reasons and causes; and modern theories of mind and brain, free will and personal identity. Topics from mental health include psychiatry and 'anti-psychiatry'; Jaspers' psychopathology and the new neurosciences; the future of psychiatric classifications; strengths-based approaches, recovery practice, social inclusion and diversity; and key topics in psychopathology, such as delusion, autism, disorders of volition, thought insertion and other experiences in schizophrenia. The Oxford Textbook of Philosophy of Psychiatry aims to secure the skills-base of the discipline by bringing philosophers closer to the realities of practice in mental health, and mental health practitioners closer to the resources of philosophy as a partner to the sciences in responding to the challenges of twenty-first century mental health and social care.

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Reviewer: William Miles, MD (Rush University Medical Center)
Description: This rather large softcover book attempts to discuss the philosophical underpinnings of psychiatric medicine and to bridge a perceived gap between the two disciplines.
Purpose: The purpose is to provide a detailed introduction to the field of philosophical psychiatry and to provide a framework of study and skill development in this area. Whether or not these are worthwhile objectives is probably open to interpretation, but given the current state of animosity towards psychiatry, a book like this might certainly be helpful.
Audience: According to the authors, the book is targeted at trainees in psychiatry, practicing mental health professionals, social workers, and public policy makers. The subject matter is too esoteric for the psychiatry resident, but the others would find it interesting.
Features: The book is essentially organized around a series of case studies, focusing on five key topic areas related to philosophy and its application to psychiatry. Each case study is supported by selected readings from both philosophical and mental health fields. Thinking skills exercises, self assessment questions, and key learning points are provided. Numerous topics are discussed, such as philosophical methods, reasons and causes, the concept of free will, and evidence-based psychiatry. Numerous tables and some black-and-white illustrations are included. A very thorough reference list is provided, as well as a CD-ROM for further reading in this area.
Assessment: This is a thorough and interesting book, but it is not light reading. The authors have successfully bridged the apparent gap between philosophy and psychiatry, and emphasize the necessity of approaching psychiatric medicine from a philosophical viewpoint. The book makes for fascinating reading, but some clinicians, and certainly most residents, might find it too cumbersome. Still, for those interested in this topic, this book would provide a very interesting diversion.
From The Critics
Reviewer: William Miles, MD(Rush University Medical Center)
Description: This rather large softcover book attempts to discuss the philosophical underpinnings of psychiatric medicine and to bridge a perceived gap between the two disciplines.
Purpose: The purpose is to provide a detailed introduction to the field of philosophical psychiatry and to provide a framework of study and skill development in this area. Whether or not these are worthwhile objectives is probably open to interpretation, but given the current state of animosity towards psychiatry, a book like this might certainly be helpful.
Audience: According to the authors, the book is targeted at trainees in psychiatry, practicing mental health professionals, social workers, and public policy makers. The subject matter is too esoteric for the psychiatry resident, but the others would find it interesting.
Features: The book is essentially organized around a series of case studies, focusing on five key topic areas related to philosophy and its application to psychiatry. Each case study is supported by selected readings from both philosophical and mental health fields. Thinking skills exercises, self assessment questions, and key learning points are provided. Numerous topics are discussed, such as philosophical methods, reasons and causes, the concept of free will, and evidence-based psychiatry. Numerous tables and some black-and-white illustrations are included. A very thorough reference list is provided, as well as a CD-ROM for further reading in this area.
Assessment: This is a thorough and interesting book, but it is not light reading. The authors have successfully bridged the apparent gap between philosophy and psychiatry, and emphasize the necessity of approaching psychiatric medicine from a philosophical viewpoint. The book makes for fascinating reading, but some clinicians, and certainly most residents, might find it too cumbersome. Still, for those interested in this topic, this book would provide a very interesting diversion.
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Product Details

Meet the Author

University of Warwick, Coventry

University of Warwick, Coventry

Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem

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Table of Contents

Preface : a proactive textbook
1 Introduction : 'progress in five parts'
2 Philosophical problems in mental health practice and research 3
3 Experiences good and bad : an introduction to psychopathology, classification, and diagnosis for philosophers 31
4 Philosophical methods in mental health practice and research 60
5 Arguments good and bad : an introduction to philosophical logic for practitioners 90
6 Philosophical outputs in mental health practice and research 111
7 A brief history of mental disorder 143
8 Karl Jaspers and general psychopathology 160
9 Phenomenology and psychopathology 180
10 Psychopathology and the "methodenstreit" 211
11 Psychoanalysis : an introduction to the philosophy of science 243
12 Psychopathology and the theory dependence of data 288
13 Natural classifications, realism, and psychiatric science 316
14 Diagnosis, explanation, and tacit knowledge 384
15 Causes, laws, and reasons in psychiatric aetiology 406
16 Knowledge, research, and evidence-based medicine 433
17 Tools of the trade : an introduction to psychiatric ethics 469
18 From bioethics to values-based practice 498
19 It's the law : rationality and consent as a case study in values and mental health law 539
20 Values in psychiatric diagnosis 564
21 From bioethics to values-based practice in psychiatric diagnosis 585
22 Mind, brain, and mental illness : an introduction to the philosophy of mind 613
23 The mind-body problem and mental health, a philosophical update 641
24 Reasons and the content of mental states : part 1 reductionist theories 667
25 Reasons and the content of mental states : part 2 antireductionism and discursive psychology 686
26 Agency, causation, and freedom 716
27 Knowledge of other minds 737
28 Personal identity and schizophrenia 758
29 Conclusion : histories of the future 778
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