PACES for the MRCP: with 250 Clinical Cases [NOOK Book]

Overview

The 3rd edition of PACES for the MRCP has been fully revised and updated throughout to retain its pole position as the textbook to accompany core medical training (CMT) and prepare candidates for success in the Practical Assessment of Clinical Examination Skills and a future specialty career.

Features

Fully revised for the new Station 5 and completely updated throughout.

...

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PACES for the MRCP: with 250 Clinical Cases

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Overview

The 3rd edition of PACES for the MRCP has been fully revised and updated throughout to retain its pole position as the textbook to accompany core medical training (CMT) and prepare candidates for success in the Practical Assessment of Clinical Examination Skills and a future specialty career.

Features

Fully revised for the new Station 5 and completely updated throughout.

Promotes understanding and deeper learning of modern medicine applicable to PACES and the specialist registrar.

Emphasis on clinical assessment - history-taking, examination and communication skills - equipping candidates with appropriate differential diagnoses from which to develop the right diagnosis.

Encourages candidates to question why a diagnosis has arisen and consider its consequences. For example, ‘Heat failure’ is a not a diagnosis until a candidate has considered the differential diagnoses of breathlessness and decided why heart failure is most likely, and then considered its cause (not always ischaemic heart disease), its presentation (acute, chronic, left or right ventricular or both) and, most importantly, the effects of it and its treatments on a patient’s life.

This 3rd edition of PACES for the MRCP continues to provide fully revised, up-to-date, evidence-based coverage of investigations and treatments. Whilst the emphasis of PACES is on clinical skills, candidates who understand when, for example, a patient with rheumatoid arthritis might benefit from a biologic agent and how this will influence inflammatory disease, is better equipped for success.

  • A one-volume text giving candidates complete preparation for the PACES exam within one portable volume
  • 250 cases organised into the 5 stations of the PACES exam - respiratory and abdominal system, history taking, cardiovascular and nervous system, communication and ethics and skin, locomotion, eyes and endocrine systems
  • Engaging question-and-answer approach at the end of each case - excellent preparation for the exam
  • Boxed tips highlight vital information - helps identify what is most important to remember
  • Produced in full colour throughout
  • Colour coding for each station
  • Many more illustrations added - now over 300 clinical photographs and line drawings in colour
  • Many more cases added, bringing the number up to 250 - 50 per station
  • History-taking and communication skills stations now revised so that they exactly mimic the requirements of the exam
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
Comments from candidates' reviews: "The book is an excellently designed companion to PACES preparation. It is portable enough to be carried around with you (unlike some other texts!), and removes some of the fear factor that can hamper preparation. I certainly used this book as my main text whilst on the wards and have recommended it ever since. I feel it is the best PACES text." "The book's format follows the format of the exam and helps to focus and get an idea what one needs to prepare for. It focuses not only on signs related to certain diseases, but also how to recognise and interpret these. As a second step it includes treatment/management to discuss the disease/case in the exam." "One of the greatest assets of this text is the positioning of relevant (and often asked!) questions at the end of this case. Even if studying alone it is possible to see a real patient and then test oneself on the questions practicing for the real exam experience. The close proximity of the answers (directly following the questions) aids readability, as some texts require you to seek out other pages. The competition lacks the questions which help you get good pass marks." "The miscellaneous section of 100 tips is motivating and all-encompassing! I often flicked to the back of the book throughout my preparation. It is also excellent for the night before the exam." "Hall’s PACES for MRCP has comprehensive and up-to-date information presented in a very easy-to-read format. It quotes up-to-date studies. The content appears to be more comprehensive than any of the other PACES books out in the market that I have seen." BMA Book Awards 2009- judges comments
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780702054662
  • Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences UK
  • Publication date: 9/17/2013
  • Series: MRCP Study Guides
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 832
  • File size: 25 MB
  • Note: This product may take a few minutes to download.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION STATION 1 RESPIRATORY AND ABDOMINAL SYSTEM RESPIRATORY SYSTEM Examination of the respiratory system Cases 1.1 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 1.2 Consolidation 1.3 Dullness at the lung base 1.4 Pneumonia 1.5 Lung cancer 1.6 Pancoast’s syndrome 1.7 Superior vena cava obstruction 1.8 Collapse/pneumonectomy/lobectomy 1.9 Bronchiectasis 1.10 Cystic fibrosis 1.11 Kartagener’s syndrome 1.12 Tuberculosis 1.13 Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and diffuse parenchymal lung disease 1.14 Rheumatoid lung 1.15 Extrinsic allergic alveolitis 1.16 Asbestos-related lung disease and pneumoconiosis 1.17 Pulmonary sarcoidosis 1.18 Pulmonary hypertension 1.19 Cor pulmonale 1.20 Pulmonary embolism 1.21 Pleural effusion 1.22 Pleural rub 1.23 Pneumothorax 1.24 Obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea syndrome 1.25 Lung transplant ABDOMINAL SYSTEM Examination of the abdominal system Cases 1.26 Chronic liver disease 1.27 Jaundice 1.28 Ascites 1.29 Alcoholic liver disease 1.30 Viral hepatitis 1.31 Autoimmune hepatitis 1.32 Primary biliary cirrhosis 1.33 Hereditary haemochromatosis 1.34 Wilson’s disease 1.35 Hepatomegaly 1.36 Splenomegaly 1.37 Hepatosplenomegaly 1.38 Felty’s syndrome 1.39 Abdominal mass 1.40 Crohn’s disease 1.41 Ulcerative colitis 1.42 Carcinoid syndrome 1.43 Enteric and urinary stomas 1.44 Chronic myeloid leukaemia 1.45 Polycythaemia vera, myeloproliferative disorders and myelodysplasia 1.46 Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia 1.47 Lymphadenopathy and lymphoma 1.48 Polycystic kidney disease 1.49 Nephrotic syndrome 1.50 Renal transplant STATION 2: HISTORY-TAKING SKILLS Introduction to history-taking skills Clinical reasoning The traditional medical history model Incorporating the patient's perspective - ideas, concerns and expectations History-taking skills - the communication skills that make history-taking effective The traditional model and communication skills - putting these two together Cases Respiratory problems 2.1 Breathlessness 2.2 Asthma Abdominal problems 2.3 Dyspepsia 2.4 Dysphagia 2.5 Abdominal pain 2.6 Altered bowel habit Cardiovascular problems 2.7 Prevention of cardiovascular disease and weight gain 2.8 Chest pain and angina 2.9 Acute coronary syndrome 2.10 Heart failure 2.11 Palpitations 2.12 Atrial fibrillation 2.13 Dyslipidaemia 2.14Hypertension Neurological problems 2.15 Headache 2.16 Transient ischaemic attack 2.17 Weakness and wasting 2.18 TMultiple sclerosis 2.19 Tremor Locomotor problems 2.20 Back pain 2.21 Joint pain Eye problems 2.22 Visual loss Endocrine problems 2.23 Type 1 diabetes mellitus 2.24 Type 2 diabetes mellitus Renal and metabolic problems 2.25 Acute renal failure 2.26 Chronic kidney disease and renal replacement therapy 2.27 Glomerulonephritis 2.28 Systemic vasculitis 2.29 Hypercalcaemia 2.30 Hyponatraemia 2.31 Poisoning and metabolic disturbance Haematological problems 2.32 Anaemia 2.33 Sickle cell disease and thalassaemia 2.34 Purpura 2.35 Haemophilia 2.36 Deep vein thrombosis 2.37 Thrombophilic tendency 2.38 Myeloma Infectious disease 2.39 Human immunodeficiency virus infection Other general internal medicine and elderly care problems 2.40 Falls and rehabilitation 2.41 Syncope 2.42 Seizures 2.43 Acute confusion 2.44 Mild cognitive impairment and dementia 2.45 Incontinence 2.46 Raised inflammatory markers 2.47 Polymyalgia and giant cell arteritis 2.48 Pyrexia and sepsis 2.49 Weight loss 2.50 Tiredness STATION 3: CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AND NERVOUS SYSTEM CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM Examination of the cardiovascular system Cases 3.1 Mitral stenosis 3.2 Mitral regurgitation 3.3 Aortic stenosis 3.4 Aortic regurgitation 3.5 Tricuspid regurgitation and Ebstein’s anomaly 3.6 Other right-sided heart murmurs 3.7 Mixed valve disease 3.8 Mitral valve prolapse 3.9 Prosthetic valves 3.10 Permanent pacemaker 3.11 Infective endocarditis 3.12 Congenital heart disease 3.13 Cyanotic heart disease 3.14 Hypertrophic (obstructive) cardiomyopathy 3.15 Pericardial rub and pericardial disease NERVOUS SYSTEM Examination of the nervous system - Overview of the organisation of the nervous system and how to examine it - Cranial nerves - Higher cortical function and specific lobes - Speech and language - Power and sensation - Upper limbs - Lower limbs - Gait Cases 3.16 Visual field defects 3.17 Ocular nerve lesions 3.18 Internuclear ophthalmoplegia 3.19 Nystagmus 3.20 Ptosis 3.21 Large pupil 3.22 Small pupil 3.23 Horner’s syndrome 3.24 Cerebellopontine angle syndrome 3.25 Facial nerve palsy 3.26 Bulbar palsy 3.27 Anterior circulation stroke syndromes 3.28 Dysphasia and dysarthria 3.29 Pseudobulbar palsy 3.30 Agnosias and apraxias 3.31 Posterior circulation stroke syndromes 3.32 Parkinson’s disease 3.33 Cerebellar disease 3.34 Spastic paraparesis and Brown Sequard syndrome 3.35 Syringomyelia 3.36 Absent ankle jerks and extensor plantars 3.37 Motor neurone disease 3.38 Cervical myeloradiculopathy 3.39 Cauda equina syndrome 3.40 Carpal tunnel syndrome (median nerve lesion) 3.41 Ulnar nerve lesion 3.42 Radial nerve lesion 3.43 Wasting of the small (intrinsic) muscles of the hand 3.44 Common peroneal nerve lesion 3.45 Peripheral neuropathy 3.46 Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease and hereditary neuropathies 3.47 Guillain-Barre syndrome 3.48 Myasthenia gravis 3.49 Myotonic dystrophy STATION 4: COMMUNICATION SKILLS AND ETHICS COMMUNICATION SKILLS AND ETHICS Introduction to communication skills and ethics Cases Discussing clinical management 4.1 Explaining a diagnosis 4.2 Explaining an investigation 4.3 Discussing a treatment 4.4 Discussing management, prognosis and possible complications in a patient with multiple problems 4.5 Discussing diagnostic uncertainty 4.6 Discussing risk and treatment effect 4.7 Negotiating a management plan for a chronic disease/long-term condition 4.8 Encouraging concordance with treatment and prevention Communication in special circumstances 4.9 Cross-cultural communication 4.10 Communicating with angry patients or relatives 4.11 Communicating with upset and distressed relatives 4.12 Discharge against medical advice 4.13 Delayed discharge Breaking bad news 4.14 Cancer - potentially curable 4.15 Cancer - likely incurable 4.16 Cancer - patient not fit for active treatment 4.17 Chronic disease 4.18 Discussing an acutely terminal situation with relatives Confidentiality, consent and capacity 4.19 Legal points in confidentiality 4.20 Breaching confidentiality when a third party may be at risk 4.21 Breaching confidentiality in the public interest 4.22 Confidentiality when talking with relatives and other third parties 4.23 Consent for investigation or treatment 4.24 Consent and capacity 4.25 Refusal to consent 4.26 Deliberate self-harm End of life issues 4.27 Resuscitation-status decision-making discussion with patient 4.28 Resuscitation status decision-making discussion with relative 4.29 Appropriateness of intensive therapy unit transfer 4.30 Withholding and withdrawing life-prolonging treatments - Artificial hydration and nutrition 4.31 Withholding and withdrawing life-prolonging treatments - antibiotics and drugs 4.32 Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostromy feeding 4.33 Palliative care 4.34 Advance directives/decisions 4.35 Persistent vegetative state 4.36 Brainstem death 4.37 Discussing live organ donation 4.38 Requesting an autopsy (post-mortem) Clinical Governance 4.39 Critical incident 4.40 Managing a complaint and the question of negligence 4.41 Fitness to practice - poor peformance in a colleague 4.42 Fitness to practice - misconduct in a colleague 4.43 Fitness to practice - health problems in a colleague 4.44 Recruitment to a randomised controlled trial Other communication, ethical and legal scenarios 4.45 Genetic testing 4.46 HIV testing 4.47 Needlestick injury 4.48 Medical opinion on fitness for anaesthesia 4.49 Fitness to drive 4.50 Industrial injury benefits STATION 5: SKIN, LOCOMOTOR SYSTEM, EYES, ENDOCRINE SYSTEM SKIN Examination of the skin Cases 5.1 Psoriasis 5.2 Dermatitis 5.3 Lichen planus 5.4 Blistering skin condititions 5.5 Facial rash 5.6 Scleroderma, vitiligo and autoimmune skin disease 5.7 Oral lesions 5.8 Nail lesions 5.9 Shin lesions 5.10 Neurofibromatosis 5.11 Tuberose sclerosis 5.12 Neoplastic skin lesions 5.13 Skin vasculitis 5.14 Xanthomata and xanthelasmata 5.15 Skin and soft tissue infection LOCOMOTOR SYSTEM Examination of the joints Examination of the hands and arms Examination of the legs Examination of the spine Cases 5.16 Rheumatoid hands and rheumatoid arthritis 5.17 Ankylosing spondylitis and spondyloarthropathies 5.18 Systemic lupus erythematosus 5.19 Scleroderma 5.20 Crystal arthropathy 5.21 Osteoarthritis 5.22 Paget’s disease 5.23 Marfan’s syndrome 5.24 Ehlers-Danlos syndrome 5.25 Osteogenesis imperfecta EYES Examination of the eyes Cases 5.26 Diabetic retinopathy 5.27 Hypertensive retinopathy 5.28 Swollen optic disc and papilloedema 5.29 Optic atrophy 5.30 Chorioretinitis 5.31 Retinitis pigmentosa 5.32 Central retinal vein occlusion 5.33 Central retinal artery occlusion 5.34 Retinal detachment and vitreous haemorrhage 5.35 Drusen and age-related macula degeneration (asteroids) 5.36 Angioid streaks 5.37 Myelinated nerve fibres 5.38 Glaucoma 5.39 Cataracts 5.40 Uveitis and red eye ENDOCRINE SYSTEM Examination of the thyroid Cases 5.41 Hyperthyroidism and Grave’s disease 5.42 Hypothyroidism 5.43 Goitre and neck lumps 5.44 Acromegaly 5.45 Hypopituitarism 5.46 Cushing’s syndrome 5.47 Hypoadrenalism and Addison’s disease 5.48 Hirsutism and polycystic ovarian syndrome 5.49 Hypogonadism and gynaecomastia 5.50 Pseudohypoparathyroidism APPENDIX 100 tips for passing PACES INDEX

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