Paediatric Nephrology / Edition 2

Paediatric Nephrology / Edition 2

by Lesley Rees, Paul A. Brogan, Detlef Bockenhauer, Nicholas J.A. Webb
     
 

ISBN-10: 0199601372

ISBN-13: 9780199601370

Pub. Date: 09/07/2012

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Paediatric Nephrology is designed to help the reader understand and manage any condition affecting the kidney in childhood. It is pocket-sized to give easy reference in the clinical setting and highlights the important issues for quick use. From history taking and urinalysis, to acute renal failure, transplantation and actute kidney injury, all aspects are covered

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Overview

Paediatric Nephrology is designed to help the reader understand and manage any condition affecting the kidney in childhood. It is pocket-sized to give easy reference in the clinical setting and highlights the important issues for quick use. From history taking and urinalysis, to acute renal failure, transplantation and actute kidney injury, all aspects are covered in this concise yet comprehensive guide to this specialist area. It is an invaluable reference to the general paediatrician.

The appendix provides useful additional information and protocols. This new edition is up-to-date and evidence-based, and tables and equations direct readers to correct drug dosages and use of relevant medication.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780199601370
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
09/07/2012
Pages:
656
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 3.90(h) x 0.80(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Patient assessment
History and examination
Abnormalities of the urine and urinalysis
The approach to the child with haematuria
The approach to the child with proteinuria
Radiological investigations
Recommendations for ultrasound screening for renal abnormalities
Fluid and electrolyte abnormalities
Percutaneous renal biopsy
Genetic testing and antenatal diagnosis
The neonate
The foetus and birth
Perinatal 'bright' kidneys
Neonatal disorders of fluid balance
Neonatal renal venous thrombosis
Congenital abnormalities
Antenatal diagnosis of structural renal abnormalities
Renal agenesis
Horseshoe kidney, renal ectopia and duplex kidneys
The multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK)
Pelvi-ureteric junction (PUJ) abnormalities
Megaureter
Posterior urethral valves
Urogenital sinus and cloacal abnormalities
Absent abdominal musculature syndrome
Urinary tract infection
Background and clinical features
Collection of urine samples and diagnosis
Bacterial and host factors that predispose to infection
Management
Investigations
The penis and foreskin
Vulvovaginitis
Enuresis
Nocturnal enuresis
Primary diurnal and secondary enuresis
Bladder pathology
Homeostasis
Disorders of sodium and water: Basic principles
Disorders of sodium and water: Hypernatraemia
Disorders of sodium and water: Hyponatraemia
Disorders of potassium: Basic principles
Disorders of potassium: Hyperkalaemia
Disorders of potassium: Hypokalaemia
Disorders of calcium: Basic principles
Disorders of calcium: Hypercalcaemia
Disorders of calcium: Hypocalcaemia
Disorders of magnesium: Basic principles
Disorders of magnesium:Hypermagnesaemia
Disorders of magnesium: Hypomagnesaemia
Disorders of phosphate: Basic principles
Disorders of phosphate: Hyperphosphataemia
Disorders of phosphate: Hypophosphataemia
Disorders of acid-base balance: Basic principles
Disorders of acid-base balance: Acidosis
Disorders of acid-base balance: Alkalosis
Tubular disease
Disorders of renal salt handling: Basic principles
Disorders of renal salt handling: Proximal tubule
Disorders of renal salt handling: Thick ascending limb
Disorders of renal salt handling: Distal convoluted tubule
Disorders of renal salt handling: Collecting duct
Disorders of renal water handling
Disorders of renal magnesium handling
Rickets
Tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN)
Renal calculi and nephrocalcinosis
Renal calculi
Specific causes of calculi, their investigation and management
Nephrocalcinosis
Glomerular disease
Overview of inherited glomerular diseases
Alport syndrome and thin basement membrane nephropathy
Acute nephritis
IgA Nephropathy (IgAN)
Nephrotic syndromes: Definitions
Congenital and Infantile Nephrotic Syndrome
Steroid sensitive nephrotic syndrome: Presenting episode
Steroid sensitive nephrotic syndrome: Relapsing disease
Steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS)
Systemic disease affecting the kidney
Systemic lupus erythematosus: Background, clinical evaluation and investigation
Systemic lupus erythematosus: Treatment of non-renal SLE
Systemic lupus erythematosus: Classification and treatment of lupus nephritis
Systemic lupus erythematosus: B cell-targeted therapies
Diabetes and metabolic syndrome
Sickle cell disease
Renal involvement in cystic fibrosis
Sarcoidosis
Mitochondrial cytopathies
Fabry disease
Amyloidosis
The emergency renal management of inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs)
Cystinosis
Vasculitis
The classification of paediatric vasculitis
Investigation of primary systemic vasculitis
The standard treatment of childhood vasculitis
Henoch Schonlein purpura
Kawasaki disease
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN)
The anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated vasculitides
Takayasu arteritis
Infections and the kidney
Infections and the kidney
Renal cystic diseases and ciliopathies
Renal cystic diseases: Basic principles
Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD)
Renal structural abnormalities in Tuberous sclerosis
Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease (ARPKD)
Nephronophthisis (NPHP)
Renal cysts and diabetes syndrome
Renal dysplasia
Syndromes associated with renal diseases
Overviews of genetrics and renal abnormalities in inherited syndromes
Down syndrome
Williams syndrome
Branchio-oto-renal syndrome
Renal tumours
Wilms' tumour
Other renal tumours
Hypertension
Basic concepts of blood pressure, and defining hypertension in children
Measurement of blood pressure in infants and children
The investigation of hypertension in the young
Renovascular hypertension
Treatment
Ambulatory blood pressure measurement in children
Acute kidney injury
Background, pathophysiology and causes
Assessment and investigations
Management
Hypertension
Nutrition in AKI
Drug therapy
Dialysis
Follow up of AKI
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS): Definitions
Typical (D+) HUS: Epidemiology and notes
HUS: Atypical
Rhabdomyolysis
Tumour lysis syndrome
Chronic kidney disease
Background and epidemiology
Assessment of renal function
Investigation of the cause of CKD
Management: Overall aims
Management: Fluid and electrolytes
Management: Growth
Management: Nutrition
Management: Use of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH)
Management: Enteral feeding
Management: Mineral and Bone Disorder (CKD-MBD)
Management: Anaemia
Management: Immunisation schedule for infants and children
Preparation for renal replacement therapy
Chronic peritoneal dialysis
Principles of peritoneal dialysis
Peritoneal dialysis solutions
Peritoneal equilibrium test (PET)
Peritonitis in patients on chronic peritoneal dialysis
Sclerosing peritonitis
Extracorporeal treatments
Haemodialysis: Principles of haemodialysis
Haemodialysis: The machine, dialysate and water
Haemodialysis: Factors affecting the prescription
Haemodialysis: Complications
Haemodialysis: Adequacy
Haemodialysis: Vascular access
Haemodialysis: Blood-borne viruses
Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT)
Plasmapheresis and immunoadsorption
Transplantation
Renal transplantation immunology
Vaccination after transplantation
Kidney transplantation-the surgery
Immunosuppressive therapy in renal transplant patients
Diagnosis and treatment of transplant rejection
Recurrent and de novo renal disease following renal transplantation
Urinary tract infection post transplantation
New onset diabetes after transplantation
Infection post transplant
Malignancy following renal transplantation
Graft survival in transplant recipients
Drug prescribing
Basic principles
Specific drug issues of importance
Intraperitoneal drug doses
Psychosocial issues
Ethical issues
Non-adherence in paediatric renal disease
Long-term growth
Long term survival of children on renal replacement therapy
Palliative care
Appendix
Assessment of glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
Furosemide test of urinary acidification
DDAVP test
Disodium pamidronate infusion
Intravenous cyclophosphamide
Guidelines for the use of Basiliximab (Simulect)
Protocol for administration of blood to patients with or approaching CKD 5
Protocol for percutaneous transluminal angioplasty
Travel information - Guidance for renal patients
Guidelines for the treatment of swine flu (H1N1) infection in children with renal disease
Miscellaneous

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