Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military


Among U.S. allies in the war against terrorism, Pakistan cannot be easily characterized as either friend or foe. Nuclear-armed Pakistan is an important center of radical Islamic ideas and groups. Since 9/11, the selective cooperation of president General Pervez Musharraf in sharing intelligence with the United States and apprehending al Qaeda members has led to the assumption that Pakistan might be ready to give up its longstanding ties with radical Islam. But Pakistan?s status as an Islamic ideological state is ...
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Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military

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Among U.S. allies in the war against terrorism, Pakistan cannot be easily characterized as either friend or foe. Nuclear-armed Pakistan is an important center of radical Islamic ideas and groups. Since 9/11, the selective cooperation of president General Pervez Musharraf in sharing intelligence with the United States and apprehending al Qaeda members has led to the assumption that Pakistan might be ready to give up its longstanding ties with radical Islam. But Pakistan’s status as an Islamic ideological state is closely linked with the Pakistani elite’s worldview and the praetorian ambitions of its military.

This book analyzes the origins of the relationships between Islamist groups and Pakistan’s military, and explores the nation’s quest for identity and security. Tracing how the military has sought U.S. support by making itself useful for concerns of the moment while continuing to strengthen the mosque-military alliance within Pakistan Haqqani offers an alternative view of political developments since the country’s independence in 1947.

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Editorial Reviews

Alex Alexiev
"[F]our years after 9/11, Pakistan remains a major breeding ground of Islamist fanaticism and terror. For gaining a grasp of the situation and its implications for the United States, there may be no better place to begin than Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military. . . . Haqqani brings impressive credentials to the task of analyzing his native land. . . . this is an outstanding book on a subject that could not be more timely."
Commentary, December 2005
Wall Street Journal
"[Haqqani's] analysis will reward anyone who seeks to understand one of the most perplexing foreign policy challenges facing the U.S. today."
Foreign Affairs
Given the signal importance of Pakistan to U.S. foreign policy these days, the lack of informed commentary on the country is striking. This book fills a bit of that gap. Haqqani, a journalist and former diplomat, effectively and cogently argues that three key political choices — the promotion of religious nationalism, the continual pursuit of a confrontation with India, and an attempt to secure Western (particularly U.S.) support — have informed both the domestic and foreign policies of the independent Pakistani state. This analytic framework will not surprise most scholars of Pakistani politics. Haqqani's contribution lies in his careful documentation and use of evidence. One of the political choices on which he focuses — religious nationalism — may well determine the future of the Pakistani polity, and Haqqani illustrates its deep roots, which preceded the formation of the Pakistani state. The principal architect of Pakistan, Mohammed Ali Jinnah, actively courted the conservative Islamic clergy in an attempt to build support for his cause. The military leadership, which has ruled Pakistan for the bulk of its independent life, continued and expanded on this treacherous policy. The specter of religious radicalism born of this policy haunts Pakistani politics to this day.
From the Publisher

"[Husain Haqqani] brings impressive credentials to the task of analyzing his native land, including a personal acquaintanceship with many of the key military and political personalities of the past two decades." —Alex Alexiev, Center for Security Policy, Commentary, 12/1/2005

"a notable contribution to scholarship on South Asia" —Kapil Gupta, Foreign Service Journal

"In this cogent, well-informed and extraordinarily informative book, Husain Haqqani describes in detail the unholy alliance between Islamists and military officers that has shaped Pakistan's past and may well determine its future. An important and disturbing tale, deftly told." —Andrew J. Bacevich, author of THE NEW AMERICAN MILITARISM

"A well-written and authoritative account from someone who knows Pakistani politics from the inside." —Peter Bergen, CNN Terrorism Analyst and author of HOLY WAR, INC.

"We are in Husain Haqqani's debt for providing the authoritative account of the linkages between Pakistan's powerful Islamists and its professional army.... This brilliantly researched and written book should be required reading for anyone who wishes to understand this increasingly important state." —Stephen P. Cohen, Brookings Institution, and author of THE IDEA OF PAKISTAN

"Husain Haqqani has seen Pakistani politics close up. But his book is much more than a memoir: Haqqaani has produced a provocative and controversial history revealing the depth of the links between the army and the Islamic radicals. Required reading." —Owen Bennett-Jones, BBC, and author of PAKISTAN: THE EYE OF THE STORM

"Husain Haqqani has written the most comprehensive account of the role of religion and the army in Pakistan's tangled history. It makes for fascinating and sobering reading. The challenge of maintaining a 'moderate Islamic' identicy at a time of national insecurity and religious passion remains one of the central problems confrontinc any Pakistan government." —Teresita Schaffer, CSIS, and former U.S. Ambassador and Assistant Secretary of State for South Asia

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780870032141
  • Publisher: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
  • Publication date: 6/28/2005
  • Pages: 397
  • Sales rank: 698,102
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Husain Haqqani is a visiting scholar in the South Asia Project at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and an associate professor of International Relations at Boston University. He is former adviser to Pakistani prime ministers, and has served as Pakistan's ambassador to Sri Lanka.

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Table of Contents

1 Introduction : identity and ideology 1
2 Defending ideological frontiers 51
3 Old and new Pakistan 87
4 From Islamic republic to Islamic state 131
5 Afghan jihad 159
6 Military rule by other means 199
7 Jihad without borders 261
8 Conclusion : from ideological to functional state 311
The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
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  • Anonymous

    Posted September 23, 2005

    Mulla-Military Nexus!

    'Pakistan:Between Mosque and Military' is a Pakistani's analysis of what has happened in the 50 odd years since Independence. The fact that the person writing it was a part of the government for many years lends it an authenticity which is much needed in today's age. As an Indian what I found 'different' about the book was that this was among the few books I have read, written by a Pakistani, which does not blame Indians for the mess that has been created. It also does not blame any particular leader or party for the present condition of Pakistan but instead tries to show the search for an identity - albeit different from 'Hindu India' - and the 'immense sense of insecurity' vis-a-vis India led to an appeal to Islam as an ideology and as an identity-definer and unifying force in Pakistan. In comparison to other books on Pakistan which trace the rise of Islamization to the policies of Gen Zia this book shows how this was something that had started long ago, soon after Independence. Another reason to read the book is that though one can find books which talk about US-Pak relations yet none of them go into the detail to analyze the reason why each country needs the other and the widespread impact this relationship has had not just on Pakistan's relations with India but also on its domestic politics. The last reason this book is a 'must-read' is that it is not too long and is reader friendly.

    2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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