Pan Asianism: A Documentary History, Volume 2, 1920DPresent


Pan-Asianism has been an ideal of Asian solidarity, regional cooperation, and regional integration but also served to justify expansionism and aggression. As such, it has been a decisive factor in the history of Asia and the Pacific region. This groundbreaking collection brings seminal documents on Pan-Asianism to the Western reader for the first time. It includes some forty primary sources from the 1920s to the present.

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Pan-Asianism: A Documentary History, 1920-Present

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Pan-Asianism has been an ideal of Asian solidarity, regional cooperation, and regional integration but also served to justify expansionism and aggression. As such, it has been a decisive factor in the history of Asia and the Pacific region. This groundbreaking collection brings seminal documents on Pan-Asianism to the Western reader for the first time. It includes some forty primary sources from the 1920s to the present.

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Editorial Reviews

East Asia Integration Studies
The first substantial compilation of materials on the topic in the English language . . . [which] not only fulfills the historiographical gap and teaching needs but also opens up further research into the subject. . . . The editors do not assume a coherent Pan-Asianism; rather, the strength of this collection lies in its acknowledgment of varieties, tensions, and changes within various voices of Pan-Asianism. . . . Each short chapter comes with an informative, easy-to-follow essay as well as translations of primary materials, making the collection ideal for undergraduate teaching. . . . Despite the sense of taboo around the subject of pan-Asianism, or rather because of it, carefully contextualized analyses of its history are highly important. Not only for teachers but also for any critical readers of Asian history and contemporary discussions of Asian integration, Pan-Asianism is a welcome and invaluable collection.
Reviews in History - Barack Kushner
These engaging tomes . . . offer a mint of scholarship on what has long been a troubling issue to decipher for students limited to the English language; namely, what is the deal with Pan-Asianism? . . . The question has long been of interest but few were the tools one could employ to gain insight or even access to more than mere cursory introductions. These books change the nature of that game [with] a two-volume set of fine translations covering the 19th and 20th centuries (with a bit into the 21st), focusing on a wide variety of well-known, and some lesser known, ideologues (Japanese and other) on the topic of pan-Asianism. . . . This is a set for any library and to serve as a reference on [researchers’] shelves. . . . These books bring an enormous span of disparate writings together, an exceedingly admirable goal even without the translations and introductions. . . . Each selection is preceded with a clear explanation from the translator, noting the significance and providing some background on the text itself. Sometimes the introductions or explanatory sections are longer than the actual translation, and that is fine because these volumes offer precisely that to the beginning reader an introduction. I can think of no better set of current volumes on the market that offer this wealth in terms of both coverage, depth of explanation, and then actual translation of primary text, to readers in English . . . . Saaler and Szpilman should be commended on being able both to corral an army of able and intellectually gifted scholars from around the world and get them to produce translations and introductions in this multi-layered collection of tracts from the last century and a half. . . . I can only imagine the effort put forward in producing this publication and the two volumes sit proudly on my shelf, already well-thumbed as I paw through them looking for insight.
Monumenta Nipponica
The publication of Pan-Asianism is a seminal event: until now it has been almost impossible to find translations on this strand of thought. . . . [I]n its scope and variety this easily is the best sourcebook on Pan-Asianism available in any language. Every academic library on Japan should stock this collection, and many scholars on modern Japan and Asia will benefit from owning it.
Naoko Shimazu
This is an extraordinary undertaking, simply breathtaking in the range of writings it introduces to an English-speaking readership. The two volumes contain Pan-Asian writings by many well-known Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Indian, Indonesian, and Malaysian authors, in addition to manifestos produced by various Pan-Asian organizations. It is particularly helpful that these translations are introduced by essays written by leading scholars in the field. These two books together make an important scholarly contribution by opening up access to an area of modern history that has remained largely impenetrable to many of us.
Julia Adeney Thomas
'Pan-Asianism' galvanized—and still galvanizes—political imaginations from Afghanistan to Japan, from the Suez to Sakhalin, in an array of sometimes conflicting projects: defense against 'the West,' internal colonialism, transnational class solidarity, and celebration of religious and other traditions. These volumes, in translating seminal works from many languages and presenting skilled commentary, provide an unprecedented basis for a historical understanding of this perplexing yet vital concept. A gift to scholars and students for years to come.
Japan Times
Finally there is an excellent source book on Pan-Asianism, an ideology that has played an important role in Japan's regional interactions since the late 19th century. These two volumes are essential for any university or research library as they cover modern Asian history from the mid-19th century until the present. The set is an incredibly good value because it provides access to a comprehensive range of translated materials that encompass a number of languages. The contributors preface their translations with useful commentary that help readers understand the significance of what they are about to read, making this very useful for students and scholars. . . . A treasure trove of primary documents, some translated into English for the first time.
Pacific Affairs
[A] welcome addition to an on-going conversation and a substantial resource for both scholars and students. . . . [T]his two-volume collection of documents brings together prominent visions of Asia from across the region and over nearly two centuries, all carefully placed in historical and intellectual context by thoughtful introductions from a long list of contributing scholars. . . . [R]emarkable in part for its breadth: geographical, chronological and ideological.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781442205994
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
  • Publication date: 4/16/2011
  • Series: Asia/Pacific/Perspectives Series
  • Pages: 408
  • Sales rank: 1,242,161
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Sven Saaler is associate professor of modern Japanese history at Sophia University, Tokyo. Christopher W. A. Szpilman is professor of modern Japanese history and international relations at Kyushu Sangyo University, Fukuoka.

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Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgments xi

Note on Transliteration and Translation xiii

Introduction: The Emergence of Pan-Asianism as an Ideal of Asian Identity and Solidarity, 1850-2008 Sven Saaler Christopher W. A. Szpilman 1

Part I The Radicalization of Japanese Pan-Asianism and Intra-Asian Disputes, 1920-1930 43

1 Nakano Seigo: Populist, Fascist, Pan-Asianist, 1917/1942 Stefano von Loë 45

2 The Yuzonsha's "War Cry," 1920 Christopher W. A. Szpilman 55

3 Japan, Korea, and Pan-Asianism: The Dokokai, 1921 Sven Saaler 63

4 Okawa Shumei: "Various Problems of Asia in Revival," 1922 Christopher W. A. Szpilman 69

5 Sun Yat-sen: "Pan-Asianism," 1924 Roger H. Brown 75

6 Tanaka Ippei: "Islam and Pan-Asianism," 1924 Eddy Dufourmont 87

7 The Greater India Society: Indian Culture and an Asian Federation Brij Tankha 93

8 The Pan-Asiatic Society and the "Conference of Asian Peoples" in Nagasaki, 1926 Sven Saaler 97

9 Raja Mahendra Pratap: Indian Independence, Asian Solidarity, World Federation, 1930 Sven Saaler 107

Part II Pan-Asianism and Japanese Responses to Fascism and Totalitarianism, 1930-1937 115

10 Hosoi Hajime: "Japan's Resolve," 1932 Christopher W. A. Szpilman 117

11 Mori Kaku: "Extraordinary Means for Extraordinary Times," 1932 Christopher W. A. Szpilman 123

12 Matsumoto Gaku and the Japan Culture League, 1933 Roger H. Brown 129

13 The Greater Asia Association and Matsui Iwane, 1933 Torsten Weber 137

14 Kanokogi Kazunobu: "Imperial Asia," 1937 Christopher W. A. Szpilman 149

15 Nagai Ryutaro: "Holy War for the Reconstruction of Asia," 1937 Roger H. Brown 155

Part III Pan-Asianism and the Quest for Empire and a "New Order" In Asia, 1937-1940 161

16 Japanese Pan-Asianism in Manchukuo, 1935 Prasenjit Duara 163

17 The Konoe Cabinet's "Declaration of a New Order in East Asia," 1938 Roger H. Brown 167

18 Royama Masamichi and the "Principles of an East Asian Cooperative Community," 1938 Jung-Sun N. Han 175

19 Miyazaki Masayoshi: "On the East Asian League," 1938 Michael A. Schneider 179

20 Ozaki Hotsumi: "The Ideal of the 'East Asian Cooperative Body' and the Objective Basis for Its Formation," 1939 Eri Hotta 185

21 Hiranuma Kiichiro: "The New Asiatic Order," 1939 Christopher W. A. Szpilman 193

22 Ishiwara Kanji's "Argument for an East Asian League," 1940 Roger H. Brown 201

23 Nanjing's Greater Asianism: Wang Jingwei and Zhou Huaren, 1940 Torsten Weber 209

Part IV Pan-Asianism and World War II, 1940-1945 221

24 Matsuoka Yosuke and the Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere, 1941 Sven Saaler 221

25 The First Greater East Asia Writers Conference, 1942 Eddy Dufourmont 229

26 Indonesian Nationalism and Wartime Asianism: Essays from the "Culture" Column of Greater Asia, 1942 Ethan Mark 233

27 The Assembly of the Greater East Asiatic Nations, 1943 Li Narangoa 243

28 Women Leaders and Pan-Asianism in Wartime Japan: Ichikawa Fusae (1940), Takamure Itsue (1940), and Inoue Hide (1944) Michael A. Schneider 255

29 Yasuoka Masahiro: "Education for Japanese Capable of Being Leaders of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere," 1942 Roger H. Brown 263

30 Hirano Yoshitaro: "The Historical Basis of Greater Asianism," 1945 Muto Shutaro 271

Part V Pan-Asianism During the Cold War, 1945-1989 281

31 K. M. Panikkar: "Asia and Western Dominance," 1953 Christopher W. A. Szpilman 283

32 Eguchi Bokuro: "Asia in World History," 1953 Curtis Anderson Gayle 289

33 The Bandung Conference, 1955 Kristine Dennehy 299

34 Hayashi Fusao: "Affirmation of the Greater East Asian War," 1963 Kristine Dennehy 307

35 Takeuchi Yoshimi: "Japan's Asianism," 1963 Christian Uhl 317

Part VI Pan-Asianism, Regionalization, and Globalization, 1989-Present 327

36 Ogura Kazuo: "A Call for a New Concept of Asia," 1993 Kristine Dennehy 329

37 Mahathir Mohamad and Shintaro Ishihara: "The Voice of Asia," 1995 Kristine Dennehy 335

38 Koo Jong-suh: "Pan-Asianism. Primacy of East Asia," 1995 Eun-jeung Lee 341

39 Japan and Southeast Asian Regional Integration: Prime Minister Koizumi in Singapore, 2002 Kristine Dennehy 347

40 Nakamura Tetsu and the Peshawar-kai, 2003 Hatsuse Ryuhei 353

41 Wang Yi: "China's 'New Asianism' for the Twenty-First Century," 2006 Torsten Weber 359

42 Wada Haruki: "Maritime Asia and the Future of a Northeast Asia Community," 2008 Kyoko Selden Mark Selden 371

Consolidated Bibliography 379

Index 407

List of Contributors to Volume 2 419

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