Pan Asianism: A Documentary History, Volume 1, 1850D1920


Pan-Asianism has been an ideal of Asian solidarity, regional cooperation, and regional integration but also served to justify expansionism and aggression. As such, it has been a decisive factor in the history of Asia and the Pacific region. This groundbreaking collection brings seminal documents on Pan-Asianism to the Western reader for the first time. It includes some fifty primary sources from 1850 to 1920.

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Pan-Asianism: A Documentary History, 1850-1920

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Pan-Asianism has been an ideal of Asian solidarity, regional cooperation, and regional integration but also served to justify expansionism and aggression. As such, it has been a decisive factor in the history of Asia and the Pacific region. This groundbreaking collection brings seminal documents on Pan-Asianism to the Western reader for the first time. It includes some fifty primary sources from 1850 to 1920.

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Editorial Reviews

East Asia Integration Studies
The first substantial compilation of materials on the topic in the English language . . . [which] not only fulfills the historiographical gap and teaching needs but also opens up further research into the subject. . . . The editors do not assume a coherent Pan-Asianism; rather, the strength of this collection lies in its acknowledgment of varieties, tensions, and changes within various voices of Pan-Asianism. . . . Each short chapter comes with an informative, easy-to-follow essay as well as translations of primary materials, making the collection ideal for undergraduate teaching. . . . Despite the sense of taboo around the subject of pan-Asianism, or rather because of it, carefully contextualized analyses of its history are highly important. Not only for teachers but also for any critical readers of Asian history and contemporary discussions of Asian integration, Pan-Asianism is a welcome and invaluable collection.
Reviews in History - Barack Kushner
These engaging tomes . . . offer a mint of scholarship on what has long been a troubling issue to decipher for students limited to the English language; namely, what is the deal with Pan-Asianism? . . . The question has long been of interest but few were the tools one could employ to gain insight or even access to more than mere cursory introductions. These books change the nature of that game [with] a two-volume set of fine translations covering the 19th and 20th centuries (with a bit into the 21st), focusing on a wide variety of well-known, and some lesser known, ideologues (Japanese and other) on the topic of pan-Asianism. . . . This is a set for any library and to serve as a reference on [researchers’] shelves. . . . These books bring an enormous span of disparate writings together, an exceedingly admirable goal even without the translations and introductions. . . . Each selection is preceded with a clear explanation from the translator, noting the significance and providing some background on the text itself. Sometimes the introductions or explanatory sections are longer than the actual translation, and that is fine because these volumes offer precisely that to the beginning reader an introduction. I can think of no better set of current volumes on the market that offer this wealth in terms of both coverage, depth of explanation, and then actual translation of primary text, to readers in English . . . . Saaler and Szpilman should be commended on being able both to corral an army of able and intellectually gifted scholars from around the world and get them to produce translations and introductions in this multi-layered collection of tracts from the last century and a half. . . . I can only imagine the effort put forward in producing this publication and the two volumes sit proudly on my shelf, already well-thumbed as I paw through them looking for insight.
Monumenta Nipponica
The publication of Pan-Asianism is a seminal event: until now it has been almost impossible to find translations on this strand of thought. . . . [I]n its scope and variety this easily is the best sourcebook on Pan-Asianism available in any language. Every academic library on Japan should stock this collection, and many scholars on modern Japan and Asia will benefit from owning it.
Naoko Shimazu
This is an extraordinary undertaking, simply breathtaking in the range of writings it introduces to an English-speaking readership. The two volumes contain Pan-Asian writings by many well-known Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Indian, Indonesian, and Malaysian authors, in addition to manifestos produced by various Pan-Asian organizations. It is particularly helpful that these translations are introduced by essays written by leading scholars in the field. These two books together make an important scholarly contribution by opening up access to an area of modern history that has remained largely impenetrable to many of us.
Julia Adeney Thomas
'Pan-Asianism' galvanized—and still galvanizes—political imaginations from Afghanistan to Japan, from the Suez to Sakhalin, in an array of sometimes conflicting projects: defense against 'the West,' internal colonialism, transnational class solidarity, and celebration of religious and other traditions. These volumes, in translating seminal works from many languages and presenting skilled commentary, provide an unprecedented basis for a historical understanding of this perplexing yet vital concept. A gift to scholars and students for years to come.
Japan Times
Finally there is an excellent source book on Pan-Asianism, an ideology that has played an important role in Japan's regional interactions since the late 19th century. These two volumes are essential for any university or research library as they cover modern Asian history from the mid-19th century until the present. The set is an incredibly good value because it provides access to a comprehensive range of translated materials that encompass a number of languages. The contributors preface their translations with useful commentary that help readers understand the significance of what they are about to read, making this very useful for students and scholars. . . . A treasure trove of primary documents, some translated into English for the first time.
Pacific Affairs
[A] welcome addition to an on-going conversation and a substantial resource for both scholars and students. . . . [T]his two-volume collection of documents brings together prominent visions of Asia from across the region and over nearly two centuries, all carefully placed in historical and intellectual context by thoughtful introductions from a long list of contributing scholars. . . . [R]emarkable in part for its breadth: geographical, chronological and ideological.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781442205963
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
  • Publication date: 4/16/2011
  • Series: Asia/Pacific/Perspectives Series
  • Pages: 360
  • Sales rank: 1,124,791
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Sven Saaler is associate professor of modern Japanese history at Sophia University, Tokyo. Christopher W. A. Szpilman is professor of modern Japanese history and international relations at Kyushu Sangyo University, Fukuoka.

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Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgments xi

Note on Transliteration and Translation xiii

Introduction: The Emergence of Pan-Asianism as an Ideal of Asian Identity and Solidarity, 1850-2008 Sven Saaler Christopher W. A. Szpilman 1

Part I The Dawn of Pan-Asianism, 1850-1900 43

1 The Concept of "Asia" before Pan-Asianism Matsuda Koichiro 45

2 The Foundation Manifesto of the Koakai (Raising Asia Society) and the Ajia Kyokai (Asia Association), 1880-1883 Urs Matthias Zachmann 53

3 The Genyosha (1881) and Premodern Roots of Japanese Expansionism Joël Joos 61

4 Koa-Raising Asia: Arao Sei and Inoue Masaji Michael A. Schneider 69

5 Tarui Tokichi's Arguments on Behalf of the Union of the Great East, 1893 Kyu Hyun Kim 73

6 Konoe Atsumaro and the Idea of an Alliance of the Yellow Race, 1898 Urs Matthias Zachmann 85

7 Okakura Tenshin: "Asia Is One," 1903 Brij Tankha 93

8 Okakura Tenshin and Pan-Asianism, 1903-1906 Jing He 101

Part II The Era of Imperialism and Pan-Asianism in Japan, 1900-1914 113

9 The Foundation Manifesto of the Toa Dobunkai (East Asian Common Culture Society), 1898 Urs Matthias Zachmann 115

10 The Kokuryukai, 1901-1920 Sven Saaler 121

11 Miyazaki Toten's Pan-Asianism, 1915-1919 Christopher W. A. Szpilman 133

12 Pan-Asianism, the "Yellow Peril," and Suematsu Kencho, 1905 Sven Saaler 141

13 Hatano Uho: Asia in Danger, 1912 Renée Worringer 149

14 Nagai Ryutaro: "The White Peril," 1913 Peter Duus 161

Part III Asian Responses to Imperialism and Japanese Pan-Asianism, 1900-1922 169

15 So Chaep'il: Editorials from Tongnip Sinmun (The Independent), 1898-1899 Kim Bongjin 171

16 Zhang Taiyan and the Asiatic Humanitarian Brotherhood, 1907 Yuan P. Cai 177

17 Aurobindo Ghose: "The Logic of Asia," 1908-1909 Brij Tankha 185

18 Sin Ch'ae-ho: "A Critique of Eastemism," 1909 Kim Bongjin 191

19 Abdurresid Ibrahim: "The World of Islam and the Spread of Islam in Japan," 1910 Selçuk Esenbel 195

20 An Chung-gun: "A Discourse on Peace in East Asia," 1910 Eun-jeung Lee 205

21 Benoy Kumar Sarkar: The Asia of the Folk, 1916 Brij Tankha 211

22 Li Dazhao: "Greater Asianism and New Asianism," 1919 Marc Andre Matten 217

23 Kurban Ali and the Tatar Community in Japan, 1922 Selçuk Esenbel 223

24 Rash Behari Bose: The Indian Independence Movement and Japan Eri Hotta 231

Part IV The Breakdown of the Imperialist Order: World War I and Pan-Asianism, 1914-1920 241

25 Germany, Sun Yat-sen, and Pan-Asianism, 1917-1923 Sven Saaler 243

26 Pan-Asianism during and after World War I: Kodera Kenkichi (1916), Sawayanagi Masataro (1919), and Sugita Teiichi (1920) Sven Saaler 255

27 Kita Ikki: "An Unofficial History of the Chinese Revolution," 1915, and "The Outline of a Plan for the Reconstruction of Japan," 1919 Christopher W. A. Szpilman 271

28 Tokutomi Soho and the "Asiatic Monroe Doctrine," 1917 Alistair Swale 279

29 Paul Richard: To Japan, 1917, and The Dawn over Asia, 1920 Christopher W. A. Szpilman 287

30 Kita Reikichi: "Misunderstood Asianism" and "The Great Mission of Our Country," 1917 Christopher W. A. Szpilman 297

31 Taraknath Das: Pan-Asian Solidarity as a "Realist" Grand Strategy, 1917-1918 Cemil Aydin 305

32 Konoe Fumimaro: "A Call to Reject the Anglo-American Centered Peace," 1918 Eri Hotta 311

Consolidated Bibliography 319

Index 347

List of Contributors to Volume 1 355

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