Panpsychism and the Religious Attitude

Panpsychism and the Religious Attitude

by D. S. Clarke
     
 

Human beings have thoughts, sensations, and feelings and think that at least some of this mental life is shared with domestic and wild animals. But, are there reduced degrees of mentality found in mosquitoes, bacteria, and even more primitive natural bodies? Panpsychists think so and have defended this belief throughout the history of philosophy, beginning with the… See more details below

Overview

Human beings have thoughts, sensations, and feelings and think that at least some of this mental life is shared with domestic and wild animals. But, are there reduced degrees of mentality found in mosquitoes, bacteria, and even more primitive natural bodies? Panpsychists think so and have defended this belief throughout the history of philosophy, beginning with the ancient Greeks and continuing into the present. In this bold, challenging book, D. S. Clarke outlines reasons for accepting panpsychism and defends the doctrine against its critics. He proposes it as an alternative to the mechanistic materialism and humanism that dominate present-day philosophy.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780791456866
Publisher:
State University of New York Press
Publication date:
02/28/2003
Pages:
212
Product dimensions:
5.88(w) x 9.14(h) x 0.46(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Preface

1. Introduction

What is Panpsychism?
Analogical Inferences
Epistemological Questions

2. Versions of Panpsychism

Greek Origins
Leibniz's Monadology
The Panpsychism of Whitehead's Process and Reality
Hartshorne's Reformulation
Nagel on Mentality in Wholes and Parts
The Analogical Reasoning of Fechner and Chalmers

3. Humanist and Mechanist Alternatives

Humanism and Naturalism
Behavioral and Functionalist Descriptions of Language Use
Some Criticisms of Functionalism
Self-Consciousness and Freedom
Intentionality

4. Mental Ascriptions

Ascribing Sensations
Social Aspects of Attitude Ascriptions
Mentality and Spontaneity in the Infrahuman

5. Mentality and Evolution

Mechanism and the Origination Argument
Does the Panpsychist Thesis Extend to Fundamental Particles?
Resultant and Emergent Properties
The Role of Spontaneity in Evolution

6. The Theistic Alternative

Universe-Wide Mentality
Locke's Argument for God's Existence
Swinburne's Argument from Consciousness

7. The Religious Attitude

The Religious Attitude and Theology
Linguistic Fideism
Practical Inferences and Moral Overrides
The Positive Drift for Panpsychism

Notes

References

Index

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