Paper Families: Identity, Immigration Administration, and Chinese Exclusion / Edition 1

Paper Families: Identity, Immigration Administration, and Chinese Exclusion / Edition 1

by Estelle T. Lau
     
 

The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 made the Chinese the first immigrant group officially excluded from the United States. In Paper Families, Estelle T. Lau demonstrates how exclusion affected Chinese American communities and initiated the development of restrictive U.S. immigration policies and practices. Through the enforcement of the Exclusion Act and subsequent… See more details below

Overview

The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 made the Chinese the first immigrant group officially excluded from the United States. In Paper Families, Estelle T. Lau demonstrates how exclusion affected Chinese American communities and initiated the development of restrictive U.S. immigration policies and practices. Through the enforcement of the Exclusion Act and subsequent legislation, the U.S. immigration service developed new forms of record keeping and identification practices. Meanwhile, Chinese Americans took advantage of the system's loophole: children of U.S. citizens were granted automatic eligibility for immigration. The result was an elaborate system of "paper families," in which U.S. citizens of Chinese descent claimed fictive, or "paper," children who could then use their kinship status as a basis for entry into the United States. This subterfuge necessitated the creation of "crib sheets" outlining genealogies and providing village maps and other information that could be used during immigration processing.

Drawing on these documents as well as immigration case files, legislative materials, and transcripts of interviews and court proceedings, Lau reveals immigration as an interactive process. Chinese immigrants and their U.S. families were subject to regulation and surveillance, but they also manipulated and thwarted those regulations, forcing the U.S. government to adapt its practices and policies. Lau points out that the Exclusion Acts and the pseudo-familial structures that emerged in response have had lasting effects on Chinese American identity, and she concludes with a look at exclusion's legacy.

Read More

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822337478
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
12/28/2006
Series:
Politics, History, and Culture Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
232
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents


Acknowledgments     ix
Introduction: Identity and Exclusion     I
Legislating Exclusion     12
Challenges to Exclusion     23
Entry Despite Exclusion     33
Guardians of the Gate     67
Legacies     114
Notes     165
Bibliography     179
Index     207

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >