The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Retirement Series: Volume 4: 18 June 1811 to 30 April 1812

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Volume Four of this definitive edition of Thomas Jefferson's papers from the end of his presidency until his death includes 581 documents from 18 June 1811 to 30 April 1812. Between these two dates, Jefferson famously declares that, "tho' an old man, I am but a young gardener"; expresses hostility to dogs and joins in a petition for a tax to reduce their numbers; calculates lines for a horizontal sundial; surveys part of his Bedford County estate; and draws up work schedules for his Poplar Forest plantation and detailed slave lists for Poplar Forest and Monticello. Jefferson also takes readings of a solar eclipse; attempts to determine Monticello's longitude; measures Willis Mountain; and calls for a fixed international standard for measures, weights, and coins. Joseph Milligan publishes a revised edition of Jefferson's Manual of Parliamentary Practice in March 1812, and Jefferson sends William Wirt a detailed and colorful but largely negative portrait of Patrick Henry for use in his biography of the Virginia orator. Finally, and perhaps of greatest importance to posterity, in January 1812 correspondence resumes between Jefferson and his old friend John Adams, after a long hiatus resulting from their rivalry for the presidency in 1800.

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J. Jefferson Looney is editor of "The Papers of Thomas Jefferson: Retirement Series", which is sponsored by the Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Charlottesville, Virginia.
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The Papers of Thomas Jefferson Retirement Series: Volume 4: 18 June 1811 to 30 April 1812
Princeton University Press
Copyright © 2008
Princeton University Press
All right reserved.

ISBN: 978-0-691-13565-6

Chapter One From John Barnes

Dear Sir- George Town 18th June 1811-

I am without any of your favors since that of the 4th April-Answered the 15th-on the 25th I had the Honor of inclosing to you Mrs Beckleys letter to me, respecting her Brothers unfortunate situation, since when nothing has transpired on that Accot-

Mr Barry called on me 21st Ulto (since Married) when I paid him the $100- Messrs G & J. remitted me, Over and above, your $360. Int on Gen K. a/c

I have some thoughts of making a short Tour the insuing Mo to Philada (health permitting) which of late I have not-as heretofore injoyed.-no Unusual complaint (save weakness-&c-the Natural affect, of advancd Age.)-

as I expect to be-in Philada Middle July should you have any particular Commands-I should with pleasure Attend to them,-as well, whilst there-receive-via your Order-the good Gens 6 Mos dividend due 1st July-

I am Anxiously expecting to hear of your last years remittance to him-being safe in his Brokers hands-as well the present years-now-on its passage-

with great Respect, I am, Dear Sir, your most Obedt servant

opportunity Sir, is the very first, and the only direct one, from this Island to the United States, since my last return to my Station from America-per the first next that may offer I will not fail to remit port-Consular Vacancy, I pray You Sir, to hold me in view, and intercede in my behalf with His Excellency The President- Mrs Baker desires me sir, to present you her most Respectful Compliments-and I have the Honor to be, with the Highest Respect & Gratitude

Sir Your most obedient humble servant John Martin Baker.


I am just informed, that the Consular office of Tripoly is vacant. If it be a truth, I pray you sir, to intercede for me for the appointment: & I beg leave to add, that I am conversant with the lengua-franca-now commonly used in Affrica, by the Cheifs &c-

From Charles L. Bankhead

Dear sir Port Royal June 20th-11

I have recieved yours of the 10 June for which both my father and myself render you our gratefull acknowledgements. he thanks you sincerely for the information you have given him of Mr: Shorts intention to sell his land & to be remember,d by you will ever impose a debt of gratitude upon me, a debt which my heart most liberally repays. I should have answerd you before this, but for the expectation of saying to you in person, what I now do by letter. Mr: Radford of Lynchburgh has lately written me on the subject of our land in Bedford, and express,d a strong desire to become a purchaser; supposing him acquainted with the price, Mr: Clay having promised to make that known, I had determined to set out immediately for Lynchburgh. As you are lately from the forest I should be obliged to you for any information you may have collected, as to the chances of finding a purchasor. Mr: Radford requests me to fix a price. I must improveing &c. I wish indeed that there was a house on the place with some little improvements about it, for those are circumstances which I believe would make highlanders of us all. I am happy to hear Colo. Randolph is likely to succeed with the mill. I always thought from the adjacency of his farm, that the advantages resulting from the lease would be greater [to]him tha[n] to any other tenant. My warmest regards to Mr: & Mrs Randolp[h] and believe me my dear sir to be yours very affectionately Chas: L Bankhead

From George Jefferson

Dear Sir Richmond 20th June 1811

I inclose an acct of the sales of 547 bbls of your flour, together with your acct current to this day, the last shewing a balance against you of $:2671.400/100.-Deducting this sum from the 5800$ obtained from the bank, (which is partly to be paid off with Harrisons dft, and the balance to be continued) leaves $:3128.60/100 for which you are to draw.-You can likewise if you think proper draw for the probable amount of 54 barrels of flour received within these few days from Lynchburg; which I have not been able to sell, although very anxious to do so, both from a wish to close the sales of the whole together, and from a fear of holding it at this advanced season of the year, lest it should spoil. I suppose however that it has been but lately manufactured, and will therefore be safe for a short time at any rate. At present there is no demand whatever: no one will purchase except at a price greatly under the value-sales of small parcels having been made as low as $:8.1/4. I inclose a note for your signature, for renewal in the bank.-I have filled it up with 3000$ as being a round sum.-if you prefer any other, you will of course make the necessary alteration. you will see from the date, when it will be wanted.

I am Dear Sir Your very humble servt Geo. Jefferson

To Peter Minor

June. 20. 11.

Th: Jefferson presents his compliments to mr Peter Minor and sends him a bottle of oil of the last expression, in the wooden press placed under the beam of the cyder press. it's colour shews it preferable to the Iron press; and the ease with which this press is made is a further encoragement to the culture of the Benni. Th:J. will not make seed this year, owing to his having sowed it with a drill which covered it too deep.

From Robert Wash

Dr Sir St Louis June 20th 1811-

Your letter of the 11th may reached me by the last mail: from which I learn with considerable regret, that Mr Crafts changed the resolution he had formed, of passing by Monticello on his return to New york. That Gentleman's politeness & intelligence would have been an excuse for the haste & apparent negligence with which I had ventured to address you. From your letter, I am led further to conclude, that the Nos of the Louisiana Gazette containing a sketch of this country have never reached you. The News Papers containing those numbers could not be conveniently enclosed, and were therfore, entrusted to Mr C,-who promised to deliver them in person. It was that you might read Mr Breckenridge's remarks with more satisfaction, that induced me to submit to your inspection such an appology for a map.

I herewith enclose you seven Nos & will forward the rest in the course of a week or two. The Author I fear, has been rather too tablishments in this country So very defective, that we seldom get any thing like News. All is old before it reaches us.-The report of an engagement off the Capes of Virginia (which reached us by last nights Mail) has excited a lively interest in every class of people. The only wish expressed is, that it may be true.- There are between 3 & 4 hundred men engaged in hunting on the head waters of the Missouri & Columbia, who meet with little or no opposition from the Indians.-A letter from Mr Bradburry received a few days since, informs us that he was within two or three days Journey of the Mandan Villages. He has sent down a number of valuable minerals & Indian curiosities, with a view to have them forwarded to his friends in Europe. I am truly sorry, that the scientifical labours of such a man as Mr Bradberry should depend upon Europe for their Just reward.- Col. John Smith & F Morehead, Gentlemen of capital & great enterprise, left this place about ten days since, with 97 men to form an establishment at the lead mines on the Mississipi, about 40 miles this side of Prairie de Chien. It is expected that by the next winter, there will [be] 8 hundred or a thousand men engaged in raising mineral.- we have had almost incessant rains for the last three months. Since the 1st of Frebry thirty five & a 3 inches of water have fallen.-

with the most sincere respect & esteem yrs &C R: Wash

P.S. The Potash, made in the manufactories which have been lately established at the U.S.'s Saline & other salt furnaces in this country, has been found to be so strongly impregnated with Marine acid as entirely to destroy it's utility. If a method could be suggested by which the M.A. might be seperated in the process, or its effects nutralized the labour of industrious wd be richly reward & the public greatly benifits R: Wash

ket & sold. it now enables me to inclose you a draught on Messrs Gibson & Jefferson of Richmond for fifty nine dollars 74. Cents, the balance due according to the statement in my letter of Apr. 4. & your answer. I inclose you Dr Everett's account for his attendance on the negro man, and Lewis's account for board & nursing with the award of the arbitrators to whom it was submitted by consent, and the receipt for the money. Accept the assurances of my great esteem & respect Th: Jefferson

To Charles Everette

Dear Doctor Monticello June 24. 11.

My funds lying all in Richmond, I inclose you an order on Messrs Gibson & Jefferson of that place for 42. D 20 c the balance of your account. but should it not be convenient to you to recieve the money in Richmond, I will on your intimation call for it by the first post. will you be so good as to sign the inclosed paper & return it to me by the bearer to be transmitted to Gen Chamberlayne who, acting as executor for the estate of which the negro man was a part, informs me he must produce vouchers for the passing of his accounts. I hope you are recovering fast from the consequences of your fall. our good cherries are all gone, or we should have repeated the sending them. none remain but a few Morellas, too sour to be eaten. but if they would be acceptable they are at your service. Accept the assurances of my great esteem & respect Th: Jefferson

late list of Post offices, which was transmitted without my knowledge and in consequence of my suggesting a determination to furnish you, as I now do, by the volume herewith transmitted, a complete view of the present state of this Department.

Ever your friend G Granger

To George Jefferson

Dear Sir: Monticello June 24. 11

Yours of the 20th was recieved yesterday inclosing my account balance 3128.60 and the estimated amount of 54. Barrels flour un sold, to be drawn for-there should be still near 50. Barrels more to be recieved from Bedford. In consequence of your permission I am drawing on you as follows:

Dr. Everett of Charlottesville 42.20 Gen.l Wm. Chamberlayne of N. Kent 59.74 Jones & Howell Phila. 500. James Lyle 1000. D. Higginbotham 1500. 3101.94

all those will present draughts, except Jones & Howell whom I inform by letter that you will be so good as to remit them 500 Dol. immediately, which I must pray you to do. besides the order to D. Higginbotham, I give him one on you for the proceeds of the 7 hhds tob. sent from this place whenever you shall have sold it. they are supposed to yield something upwards of 12,000 weight. if it is not too troublsome, I will ask to know what has been the fate of the single hhd of tobo sent last, the overseer who made it, solliciting me to enquire, as he supposes it much superior to that which went from another plan-P.S. I returned the note for the bank signed at 3000D.

To James Lyle

Dear Sir Monticello June 24. 11.

The process of getting my flour to market from Bedford and this place, and of getting it sold, has been slower than I had hoped. it is now so far effected as to enable me to inclose you an order on Gibson & Jefferson for one thousand Dollars. I shall not fail to make as great an exertion from my future crops as they will enable me to do for the completion of the paiment of my debt to you. 3000.D. still unpaid in the bank will cramp me the ensuing spring, but that once discharged, I shall be able to make a close of this long indulged debt. I remark what you say of Edward Bolling's debt to me, assigned to you, & that you have to sue him for his father's debt. I beseech you to add mine to his debt to you so that it may be comprehended in the recovery, or I shall lose it. this letter shall secure you against being accountable to me for it, unless you recover it from him. wishing you a continuance of life and health, I add the assurance of my continued affection & respect Th: Jefferson


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Table of Contents

Foreword vii
Acknowledgments ix
Editorial Method and Apparatus xi
Maps xxxix
Illustrations xliii
Jefferson Chronology 2


From John Barnes, 18 June 3
To Hugh Chisholm, 18 June 4
From John Martin Baker, 19 June 4
From Charles L. Bankhead, 20 June 5
From George Jefferson, 20 June 6
To Peter Minor, 20 June 7
From Robert Wash, 20 June 7
To William Chamberlayne, 24 June 9
To Charles Everette, 24 June 9
From Gideon Granger, 24 June 10
To George Jefferson, 24 June 10
To James Lyle, 24 June 11
From William McGehee, 24 June 12
From George Jefferson, 27 June 12
From Edmund M. Blunt, 28 June 13
From James Chamberlain, [received 28 June] 14
From Benjamin Rush, 28 June 17
To John Barnes, 29 June 17
From David Bailie Warden, 1 July 19
From Horatio Turpin, 2 July 20
To James Madison, 3 July 21
From Robert Rives, 3 July 22
From Pierre Samuel Du Pont de Nemours, 4 July 22
From George Jefferson, 4 July 24
From William Duane, 5 July 25
From John Barnes, 6 July 26
To Tadeusz Kosciuszko, 8 July 28
To Lafayette, 8 July 29
From James Madison, 8 July 31
To David Bailie Warden, 8 July 33
To Philip Mazzei, 9 July 34
To David Bailie Warden, 9 July 35
To Lafayette, 10 July 36
To David Bailie Warden, 10 July 36
From Benjamin Galloway, 11 July 36
From James T. Austin, 12 July 37
To Mary Lewis, 12 July 38
From John Milledge, 12 July 39
From Philip Turpin, 13 July 41
From Burwell Bassett, 20 July 42
From Jacob Franklin Heston, [before 20 July] 43
From Benjamin Morgan, 20 July 48
To Robert Rives, 20 July 48
From Joel Barlow, [received 21 July] 49
From James Walker, 21 July, enclosing Timber List for Thomas Jefferson's Sawmill Wheels, 20 July 50
To Joel Barlow, 22 July 51
From John L. Thomas, 23 July 52
From Robert Wash, 23 July 53
From Benjamin Franklin Thompson, 24 July 53
From David Bailie Warden, 24 July 54
To Edmund M. Blunt, 25 July 55
To William Duane, 25 July 56
From George Jefferson, 25 July, enclosing Account from Sale of Thomas Jefferson's Flour, 2 July 57
From Wilson J. Cary, 26 July 58
From John H. Cocke, 26 July 59
To William Short, 26 July 59
To Wilson J. Cary, 28 July 61
To John H. Cocke, 28 July 62
To Joel Barlow, 29 July 62
From George Jefferson, 1 August 63
From Benjamin Henry Latrobe, 1 August 63
To James T. Austin, 2 August 67
To Burwell Bassett, 2 August 68
To John Bracken, 2 August 68
To Benjamin Galloway, 2 August 69
To Martin Oster, 2 August 70
Certificate of Henry Cassidy, 4 August 70
To Nicolas G. Dufief, 4 August 71
To James Ogilvie, 4 August 72
From Robert Rives, 4 August 74
To John Jordan, 5 August 75
From James Lyle, 5 August, enclosing Account with James Lyle, 6 July 75
To Benjamin Franklin Thompson, 5 August 76
From Joshua Simmons, 7 August 77
To Archibald Stuart, 8 August 77
From Nicolas G. Dufief, 9 August 79
From John Bracken, 13 August 80
From Nathaniel H. Hooe, 13 August 81
From Martin Oster, 13 August 81
To Henry Dearborn, 14 August 82
From John Dortic, 14 August 84
To Charles Clay, 16 August 86
Preliminary Agreement with William & Reuben Mitchell, [ca. 16 August] 86
Final Agreement with William & Reuben Mitchell, 16 August 87
To Benjamin Rush, 17 August 87
From Palisot de Beauvois, 18 August 89
To William A. Burwell, 19 August 90
From William J. Harris, 19 August 91
From James L. Edwards, 20 August 92
To Charles Willson Peale, 20 August 93
To Brown & Robertson, 21 August 94
To George Jefferson, 21 August 95
Calculations for a Horizontal Sundial at Poplar Forest, [ca. 23 August] 96
To Charles Clay, 23 August 98
From Levett Harris, 23 August 99
From George Jefferson, 23 August 99
To Levi Lincoln, 25 August 100
From Brown & Robertson, 26 August 101
To Thomas Mann Randolph, 26 August 101
From Benjamin Rush, 26 August 102
From George Jefferson, 29 August 104
From the Seventy-Six Association, 29 August 105
From William C. Rives, 30 August 107
From "A Bond Street Lounger," 31 August 109
From Peter Carr, 31 August 109
To George Hay, 31 August 110
From Josef Yznardy, 31 August 111
To Gideon Granger, 1 September 112
From John Jordan, 1 September 113
Mutual Assurance Society Account for Insuring Milton Warehouses, [ca. 1 September] 114
From Francis Eppes, 2 September 115
From James S. Gaines, enclosing Plan for a New Virginia Constitution and Revised Legal Code, 3 September 116
From Paul Hamilton, 3 September 123
From Joseph Dougherty, 4 September 124
From Pierre Samuel Du Pont de Nemours, 5 September 124
To James L. Edwards, 5 September 127
From Ralph Granger, 5 September 128
From Robert Johnson, 5 September 128
To James Lyon, 5 September 130
To Francis Eppes, 6 September 131
To John Wayles Eppes, 6 September 132
To Randolph Jefferson, 6 September 134
From David Campbell, 7 September 134
To Charles Wingfield, 8 September 135
From Charles Wingfield, 8 September 136
From Charles Willson Peale, 9 September 136
From Nathaniel H. Hooe, 10 September 142
To William McClure, 10 September 143
From James Walker, enclosing Timber List for Thomas Jefferson's Sawmill and Timber List for Thomas Jefferson's Sawmill Pit Gears, 10 September 144
To Benjamin Smith Barton, 11 September 146
To Robert Patterson, 11 September 147
From Littleton W. Tazewell, 11 September 149
From Benjamin Galloway, 12 September 150
To David Higginbotham, 12 September 154
From Lafayette, 12 September 155
From Charles Wingfield, 12 September 155
To George Divers, 14 September 156
To Archibald Stuart, 14 September 156
To Clement Caines, 16 September 157
From John Chambers, 16 September 159
From Charles G. Paleske, 16 September 160
From Peter Minor, 17 September 161
To William C. Rives, 18 September 161
To Joseph Dougherty, 19 September 163
Circular to Certain Republican Senators, 19 September 164
To George Calloway, 21 September 165
From Martin Oster, 22 September 166
From Robert Patterson, 23 September 167
From Jonathan Brunt, 24 September 168
To Nathaniel Macon, 24 September 169
To Peter Minor, 24 September 170
From William & Reuben Mitchell, 25 September 170
From Samuel Smith (of Maryland), 27 September 171
To Paul Hamilton, 28 September 171
To John Wayles Eppes, 29 September 172
From Michael Leib, 29 September 173
To John Chambers, 30 September 175
To Charles G. Paleske, 30 September 175
To David Campbell, 1 October 176
To John Dortic, 1 October 176
From Hezekiah Niles, [1 October] 177
From Paul Hamilton, 2 October 178
From Charles Willson Peale, 3 October 179
To James Leitch, 4 October 182
To Nathaniel H. Hooe, 6 October 183
From Randolph Jefferson, 6 October 183
To William & Reuben Mitchell, 6 October 184
To John Bracken, 9 October 185
To William J. Harris, 9 October 185
From Benjamin & Thomas Kite, 10 October 186
To James Madison, 10 October 186
From Samuel M. Stephenson, 10 October 187
To John Payne Todd, 10 October 188
From Peter Walsh, 10 October 189
To Dudley Burwell, 11 October 190
To Caspar Wistar, 11 October 190
From Henry Foxall, 12 October 191
From Roger C. Weightman, 12 October 192
To Edward Coles, 13 October 193
From Archibald Stuart, 13 October 194
To Littleton W. Tazewell, 13 October 194
From Henry A. S. Dearborn, 14 October 195
To William Short, 15 October 197
From David Gelston, enclosing List of Steamboats, 17 October 199
From Joseph Dougherty, 18 October 200
From James Walker, 18 October 200
To Joseph Milligan, 19 October 201
To Roger C. Weightman, 19 October 201
From Edmund M. Blunt, 21 October 202
From Destutt de Tracy, 21 October 202
From Nathaniel Macon, 21 October 209
Notes on Household Consumption, 3 June 1809-23 October 209
From George Jefferson, 24 October 212
From George Jefferson, 24 October 212
From Melatiah Nash, 24 October 213
From John Bracken, 25 October 214
From Edward Coles, 25 October 215
From Edward Coles, 30 October 215
To Henry Foxall, 31 October 215
From George Jefferson, 31 October 216
To Nathaniel H. Hooe, 3 November 217
To Eleuthère I. du Pont de Nemours, 4 November 218
To George Jefferson, 4 November 218
To William R. Lee, 4 November 220
To Charles Simms, 4 November 220
From George Jefferson, 7 November 221
To Robert Patterson, 10 November 222
To Robert Patterson, 10 November 229
From Robert Patterson, 11 November 230
From William Mann, 12 November 231
From Henry Foxall, 13 November 232
To George Jefferson, 13 November 233
From Thomas Law, 13 November 234
To David Gelston, 14 November 235
From William Lambert, 14 November 235
To Archibald Stuart, 14 November 236
To Henry A. S. Dearborn, 15 November 237
From Destutt de Tracy, 15 November 239
To Melatiah Nash, 15 November 243
Notes on Joseph Fossett's Account for Plating Saddle Trees, 18 November 245
From Bishop James Madison, 19 November, enclosing William Lambert's Calculation of Monticello's Longitude from Greenwich, 14 November 246
From Oliver Pollock, 19 November 267
From William Short, 19 November 268
From Sylvanus Bourne, 20 November 274
From William Lambert, 22 November 275
From James Ogilvie, 24 November 276
From George Jefferson, 25 November 277
From Nicolas G. Dufief, 26 November 278 Survey of Bear Creek Lands, 26-28 November 279 Account with Reuben Perry, [ca. 28 November] 280
From William & Samuel Craig, 29 November 280
From John Low, 29 November 281
From Valentín de Foronda, 30 November 282
From John Fowler, 30 November 285
From Thomas Erskine Birch, November 286 Conveyance of Thomas Jefferson's Lot in Richmond to avid Higginbotham, November 287
From Joseph Milligan, enclosing Account with Joseph Milligan, 2 December 288
From George Jefferson, 3 December 290 The Dismissal of Livingston v. Jefferson 291
I. John Tyler's Opinion in Livingston v. Jefferson, [4 December] 293
II. John Marshall's Opinion in Livingston v. Jefferson, [4 December] 297
III. Littleton W. Tazewell to Thomas Jefferson, 4 December 303
IV. Decision of United States Circuit Court in Livingston v. Jefferson, 5 December 304
From Donald Fraser, 4 December 305
From John Pitman, 4 December 305
To Edmund Bacon, 5 December 306
To George Callaway, 5 December 307
From George Callaway, 5 December 308
To Samuel J. Harrison, 5 December 308
From George Hay, 5 December 311
From Robert Mcffermut, 5 December 311
To Benjamin Rush, 5 December 312
To Jones & Howell, 6 December 315
From Charles G. Paleske, 7 December 315
Conveyance of Bear Branch Land to William Radford and Joel Yancey, 7 December 316
From André Thoüin, 7 December 319
From George Jefferson, 8 December 321
From Madame de Tessé, 8 December 322
From George Jefferson, 9 December 325
From David Bailie Warden, 10 December 325
From Richard Barry, 11 December 326
From Pierre Samuel Du Pont de Nemours, 12 December 327
From John Low, 15 December 336
From John Crawford, 17 December 336
From Benjamin Rush, 17 December 338
From Charles Clay, 18 December 341
To William or Reuben Mitchell, 18 December 341
From Charles Pinckney, 18 December 342 Notes on the Latitude of Willis's Mountain, [ca. 19 December] 344
Petition of Albemarle County Residents to Virginia General Assembly, [before 19 December] 346
From John W. Campbell, 20 December 349
From John W. Campbell, 20 December 350
From Pierre Samuel Du Pont de Nemours, 20 December 350
From Alexander von Humboldt, 20 December 352
From Micajah Harrison, 21 December 355
From Thomas Sully, 22 December 355
To James Leitch, 24 December 358
From Lafayette, 26 December 358
From James Ronaldson, 26 December 360
To William & Samuel Craig, 27 December 364
To John Low, 27 December 365
To William Mann, 27 December 366
From William W. Clayton, 28 December 366
To George Hay, 28 December 367
To Hugh Nelson, 28 December 367
To William Lambert, 29 December 368
To Bishop James Madison, 29 December 369
From Nicolas G. Dufief, 30 December 370
To Gideon Granger, 30 December 371
From Andrew Logan, 30 December 371
To Jeremiah A. Goodman, 31 December 373
To Jean Guillaume Hyde de Neuville, 31 December 374
To Irenée Amelot De Lacroix, 31 December 375
To James Madison, 31 December 376
To Oliver Pollock, 31 December 377
Instructions for Poplar Forest Management, December 379
Burgess Griffin's List of Blankets and Beds Distributed to Poplar Forest Slaves, [ca. 1811-1812] 382
Lists of Slaves at Poplar Forest, [1811-1812] 384 List of Landholdings and Monticello Slaves, [ca. 1811-1812] 386


Resumption of Correspondence with John Adams 389
John Adams to Thomas Jefferson, 1 January 390
From Thomas Erskine Birch, 1 January 391
From Benjamin Galloway, 1 January 392
From Hugh Nelson, 1 January 393
To John Crawford, 2 January 394
To Donald Fraser, 2 January 395
To John Pitman, 2 January 395
To Thomas Erskine Birch, 3 January 396
To Joseph Hunter, 3 January 396
From Joseph Milligan, 3 January 397
Notes on a Conversation with Nathaniel H. Hooe, 6 January 397
From James Monroe, 6 January 398
From Thomas Sully, 6 January 398
To Samuel & James Leitch, 7 January 400
To Joseph Milligan, 7 January 400
Decision of Virginia Court of Appeals in Peyton v. Henderson, 7 January 401
From Gideon Granger, 8 January 402
From William Lambert, 8 January 402
To Thomas Sully, 8 January 407
From William Lambert, 9 January 407
From John Low, 9 January, enclosing Certificate of Henry Remsen and David Gelston, 11 January 408
From Robert Patterson, 10 January 409
From Thomas T. Hewson, 11 January 411
To James Monroe, 11 January 412
From Colin Buckner, 12 January 413
From William P. Newby, 13 January 414
From James Barbour, 14 January 415
To Randolph Jefferson, 14 January 416
To William Thornton, 14 January 417
From John Barnes, 15 January 418
From John Dortic, 15 January 419
To John B. Magruder, 15 January 420
From Richard Barry, 16 January 422
From Samuel J. Harrison, 16 January 422
From Henry Wheaton, 17 January 422
From John Melish, 18 January 423
From Ferdinando Fairfax, [ca. 20 January] 424
From William Thornton, 20 January 425
To John Adams, 21 January 428
From Mathew Carey, 21 January 430
To Benjamin Rush, 21 January 431
To James Barbour, 22 January 432
From Jean Guillaume Hyde de Neuville, 22 January 434
To John Adams, 23 January 435
From Pierre Samuel Du Pont de Nemours, 25 January 436
To William Eustis, 25 January 458
To Benjamin H. Latrobe, 25 January 459
To Thomas Sully, 25 January 459
To Colin Buckner, 26 January 460
To Christopher Clark, 26 January 460
To Samuel J. Harrison, 26 January 461
To Thomas T. Hewson, 26 January 462
To John Barnes, 27 January 462
To Richard Barry, 27 January 463
To Mathew Carey, 27 January 464
From John B. Magruder, 27 January 464
From George Hay, 29 January 465
To Jacob Franklin Heston, 29 January 466
From Gibson & Jefferson, 30 January 467
To John W. Campbell, 31 January 467
From John Moody, January 468
From Tadeusz Kosciuszko, 1 February 469
To Benjamin Galloway, 2 February 470
From Joseph Milligan, 2 February 471
To Charles Pinckney, 2 February 472
From John Adams, 3 February 473
To Albert Gallatin, 3 February 476
To James Leitch, 3 February 477
To Ezra Sargeant, 3 February 477
From Samuel J. Harrison, 5 February 478
From Henry Andrews, 7 February 479
From James Madison, 7 February 480
From Randolph Jefferson, 8 February 481
To William Eustis, 9 February 482
To Hugh Nelson, 9 February 482
To James Pleasants, 9 February 482
From John Adams, 10 February 483
From Ezra Sargeant, 10 February 485
From James Barbour, 11 February 485
From Benjamin Rush, 11 February 486
From Gibson & Jefferson, 12 February 487
From Charles Simms, 12 February 487
From John Barnes, 13 February 487
From Nathaniel G. Ingraham, Alexander Phoenix, William Nexsen, and John Redfield, 13 February 489
From Hugh Nelson, 13 February 492
From Mathew Carey, 14 February 493
To Samuel J. Harrison, 14 February 493
To John Melish, 14 February 494
To Henry Wheaton, 14 February 494
From John B. Chandler, 15 February 495
To James Leitch, 15 February 496
To Harmer Gilmer, 16 February 496
To Bernard McMahon, 16 February 497
To John M. Perry, 16 February 498
From John Harvie, 17 February 499
From Thomas W. Maury, 18 February 499
From Francis Adrian Van der Kemp, enclosing Synopsis of a Proposed Book, 18 February 500
To Edward Gantt, 19 February 508
To James Madison, 19 February 509
To John B. Magruder, 19 February 509
To Lancelot Minor, 19 February 510
To Oliver Barrett, 20 February 512
To Henry Dearborn, 20 February 513
To Ebenezer Herrick, 20 February 514
From Archibald Robertson, 20 February 514
To Henry Flood, 21 February 515
To Jeremiah A. Goodman, 21 February 515
To William Eustis, 23 February 516
To Francis Willis, 23 February 516
From Palisot de Beauvois, 23 February 517
From Charles Yancey, 23 February 518
From Thomas Erskine Birch, 24 February 518
From James Pleasants, 25 February 519
Preface to Statement on the Batture Case, 25 February 520
From John Barnes, 26 February 521
To Ezra Sargeant, 26 February 521
From Patrick Gibson, 27 February 522
From Bernard McMahon, 28 February 523
To John B. Magruder, 28 February 525
From P. T. Jones (for John B. Magruder), 28 February 525
To Patrick Gibson, 1 March 526
To Jeremiah A. Goodman, 1 March 526
From Joseph Hunter, 1 March 527
From Joseph Léonard Poirey, 1 March 527
To Archibald Robertson, 1 March 528
From Isaac A. Coles, 2 March, enclosing Peter Walsh to Isaac A. Coles, 1 December 1811 528
From Gibson & Jefferson, 2 March 530
From John Low, 2 March 530
From Charles Willson Peale, 2 March 531
From John Brockenbrough, 3 March 532
From Benjamin Rush, 3 [March] 533
From Larkin Smith, 3 March 534
From George McIntosh, 4 March 535
From John Bradbury, 5 March 535
From Joseph St. Leger d'Happart, 5 March 537
From José Corr-a da Serra, 6 March 538
From James Madison, 6 March, enclosing Thomas Gimbrede's Engraving of the First Four American Presidents, [30 January] 539
From James Madison, [9 March] 541
From James Monroe, 9 March 542
From William Watson, 9 March 543
From Charles Christian, 10 March 543
From Henry Dearborn, 10 March 544
From Donald Fraser, [ca. 10 March] 545
From Albert Gallatin, 10 March 547
From Patrick Gibson, 11 March 547
To Matthew Wills, 11 March 548
From Samuel J. Harrison, 13 March 549
From John Jacob Astor, 14 March 550
To John Barnes, 15 March 554
To John Brockenbrough, 15 March 555 Account with Mary Daingerfield and Nathaniel H. Hooe, [before 15 March] 556
To Patrick Gibson, 15 March 557
To Nathaniel H. Hooe, 15 March 558
To John Low, 15 March 558
To George McIntosh, 15 March 559
From James Barbour, 16 March 559
To Henry Foxall, 16 March 560
To Joseph Milligan, 16 March 560
To Roger C. Weightman, 16 March 561
To George Divers, 18 March 561
From George Divers, 18 March 562
From William D. Meriwether, 19 March 562
To Thomas Erskine Birch, 21 March 562
To John Bradbury, 21 March 563
To Charles Christian, 21 March 564
To Donald Fraser, 21 March 564
From Ezra Sargeant, 21 March 565
To James Barbour, 22 March 565
From Hugh Nelson, 22 March 566
To Larkin Smith, 22 March 569
To Francis Adrian Van der Kemp, 22 March 570
From Samuel Lukens, 23 March 571
From Ebenezer Herrick, 24 March 571
From Elizabeth Trist, 24 March 572
To James Madison, 26 March 574
To Patrick Magruder and Samuel A. Otis, 26 March 575
From John Barnes, 27 March 576
From Richard Barry, 27 March 577
From Charles Christian, 28 March 577
From Samuel A. Otis, 28 March 578
From Oliver Pollock, 28 March 578
To Oliver Barrett, 29 March 579
To Patrick Gibson, 29 March 580
To Ezra Sargeant, 29 March 581
To John Benson, 2 April 581
To Gideon Granger, 2 April 582
To Samuel J. Harrison, 2 April 583
To Hugh Nelson, 2 April 585
From James Madison, 3 April 586
From Samuel A. Otis, 3 April 588
From Theodorus Bailey, 7 April 588
To Theodorus Bailey and David Gelston, 9 April 589
To John Barnes, 9 April 589
From John B. Chandler, 9 April 590
To Ebenezer Herrick, 9 April 591
To John A. Morton, 9 April 591
From Oliver Barrett, 10 April 592
From Gibson & Jefferson, [before 12 April] 593
To Patrick Gibson, 12 April 593
To George Hay, 12 April 594 Recollections of Patrick Henry 595
I. Thomas Jefferson to William Wirt, 12 April 596
II. Thomas Jefferson's Notes on Patrick Henry, [before 12 April] 598
To Littleton W. Tazewell, 12 April 605
From Anonymous ("Goodwill"), 13 April 606
From Randolph Jefferson, 13 April 607
From Pierre Samuel Du Pont de Nemours, 14 April 607
From "U.M.," 14 April 611
From Francis Adrian Van der Kemp, 14 April 613
From William Wirt, 15 April 615
From William Bentley, 16 April 617
From Gibson & Jefferson, 16 April 618
From James Hamilton, 16 April 618
To Samuel Lukens, 16 April 619
To Reuben Perry, 16 April 620
From Hugh White, 16 April 620
To John Barnes, 17 April 621
To José Corr-a da Serra, 17 April 621
To Joseph St. Leger d'Happart, 17 April 622
To James Madison, 17 April 622
From John S. Stake, 17 April 623
Non-Congressional Distribution List for Batture Pamphlet, [19 April-23 June] 624
To Oliver Pollock, 19 April 625
To John Adams, 20 April 626
To John Ashlin, 20 April 629
From John Barnes, 20 April 629
To William C. C. Claiborne, 20 April 631
To Derbigny, 20 April 631
To William Duane, 20 April 632
To Patrick Gibson, 20 April 633
To Benjamin Jones, 20 April 634
From William Lambert, 20 April 634
To Robert R. Livingston, 20 April 637
To James Mather, 20 April 639
To Louis Moreau Lislet, 20 April 639
To Benjamin Morgan, 20 April 640
To Thomas B. Robertson, 20 April 641
To Benjamin Rush, 20 April 642
To Jean Baptiste Simon Thierry, 20 April 643
From John Glass, 21 April 644
From George Hay, 21 April 646
To James Leitch, 21 April 647
From John Dawson, 22 April 648
From Lafayette, 22 April 649
To James P. Cocke, 23 April 650
From James P. Cocke, 23 April 651
From William Lambert, 23 April 651
From J. H. Smith, 23 April 661
From James Walker, 23 April 661
From John Williams, 23 April 662
To James P. Cocke, 24 April 662
From Joseph Delaplaine, [ca. 24 April] 663
From James Madison, 24 April 664
From John A. Morton, 24 April 665
To William Thornton, 24 April 666
From Matthew Wills, 24 April 668
To John Graham, 25 April 668
To James Maury, 25 April 669
To John Rodman, 25 April 672
To Hugh White, 25 April 673
From Theodorus Bailey, 26 April 673
From Benjamin Rush, 26 April 673
To William Short, 26 April 674
To Matthew Wills, 26 April 677
From Samuel J. Harrison, 27 April 677
To George Hay, 27 April 678
Samuel Scott's Bill of Complaint in Scott v. Jefferson and Harrison, [before 27 April] 680
From James P. Cocke, 29 April 684
To John Barnes, 30 April 684
To Joseph Delaplaine, 30 April 685
To Eleuthère I. du Pont de Nemours, 30 April 686
To James Leitch, 30 April 686
To John Williams, 30 April 687

Appendix: Supplemental List of Documents Not Found 689
Index 691

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