The Paradox Of Wealth And Poverty / Edition 1

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Overview

We live in a time of human paradoxes. Scientific knowledge has reached a level of sophistication that permits understanding of the most arcane phenomena and yet religious fundamentalism dominates in many parts of the world. We witness the emergence of a civil, liberal constitutionalism in many regions of the world and yet ethnic violence threatens the lives and dignity of millions. And we live in a time of rapid economic and technological advance and yet several billions of people live in persistent debilitating poverty. In this book, Daniel Little dissects these paradoxes offering the clearest perspective on how best to approach international development. Using both empirical and philosophical approaches, Little provides a schematic acquaintance with the most important facts about global development at the turn of the twentieth century. In doing so, he explores what appear to be the most relevant moral principles and insights that ought to be invoked as we consider these facts and then draws conclusions about what sorts of values and goals ought to guide economic development in the twenty-first century.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813316420
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • Publication date: 1/1/2003
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 304
  • Product dimensions: 0.68 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 9.00 (d)

Meet the Author


Daniel Little is associate professor of philosophy at Colgate University and visiting scholar at the Center for International Affairs, Harvard University.
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Table of Contents

Illustrations
Acknowledgments
Introduction
1 Welfare, Well-Being, and Needs 1
The Conception of the Person 3
Gender and Development 23
A Rich Conception of the Person 28
2 What is Economic Development? 35
Goals of Economic Development 37
What Is an Economy? 39
Concepts of Growth, Inequality, and Poverty 51
Data and Outcomes 59
3 Goals and Strategies for Economic Development 67
Instruments of Economic Development Policy 67
Existing Economic Development Strategies 70
Progressive Economic Development 74
A Comparison of Development Strategies 82
What Obstacles Stand in the Way of Progressive Economic Development? 86
4 Justice 91
Economic Justice 94
Institutions 105
Public Policy and Social Welfare 120
Conclusions 123
5 Human Rights 125
What Is a Right? 125
Candidates for Universal Human Rights 134
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights 142
Cultural Specificity of Rights? 147
Human Rights and Development Ethics 150
6 Aid, Trade, and the Global Economy 153
Globalization 155
International Aid 170
A Role for the Ethical Citizen 181
7 Development and the Environment 189
The Issues of Primary Environmental Concern 190
The Value Issues 193
Goals 204
Sustainable Development 205
Conflicts Between Environmental Goals and Economic Development 207
Means of Preserving Environmental Goods 212
8 Democracy and Development 219
What Is Democracy? 220
Institutional Issues 231
Democracy and the Poor 243
9 Conclusion: Toward a Global Civil Society 247
References 257
Index 273
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