The Park Chung Hee Era: The Transformation of South Korea

The Park Chung Hee Era: The Transformation of South Korea

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by Byung-Kook Kim
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0674058208

ISBN-13: 9780674058200

Pub. Date: 04/01/2011

Publisher: Harvard

In 1961 South Korea was mired in poverty. By 1979 it had a powerful industrial economy and a vibrant civil society in the making, which would lead to a democratic breakthrough eight years later. The transformation took place during the years of Park Chung Hee's presidency. Park seized power in a coup in 1961 and ruled as a virtual dictator until his assassination

Overview

In 1961 South Korea was mired in poverty. By 1979 it had a powerful industrial economy and a vibrant civil society in the making, which would lead to a democratic breakthrough eight years later. The transformation took place during the years of Park Chung Hee's presidency. Park seized power in a coup in 1961 and ruled as a virtual dictator until his assassination in October 1979. He is credited with modernizing South Korea, but at a huge political and social cost.

South Korea's political landscape under Park defies easy categorization. The state was predatory yet technocratic, reform-minded yet quick to crack down on dissidents in the name of political order. The nation was balanced uneasily between opposition forces calling for democratic reforms and the Park government's obsession with economic growth. The chaebol (a powerful conglomerate of multinationals based in South Korea) received massive government support to pioneer new growth industries, even as a nationwide campaign of economic shock therapy-interest hikes, devaluation, and wage cuts-met strong public resistance and caused considerable hardship.

This landmark volume examines South Korea's era of development as a study in the complex politics of modernization. Drawing on an extraordinary range of sources in both English and Korean, these essays recover and contextualize many of the ambiguities in South Korea's trajectory from poverty to a sustainable high rate of economic growth.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674058200
Publisher:
Harvard
Publication date:
04/01/2011
Pages:
744
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 2.00(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Introduction: The Case for Political History Byung-Kook Kim 1

Part 1 Born in a Crisis

1 The May Sixteenth Military Coup Yong-Sup Han 35

2 Taming and Tamed by the United States Taehyun Kim Chang Jae Baik 58

3 State Building: The Military Junta's Path to Modernity through Administrative Reforms Hyung-A Kim 85

Part 2 Politics

4 Modernization Strategy: Ideas and Influences Chung-in Moon and Byung-joon Jun 115

5 The Labyrinth of Solitude: Park and the Exercise of Presidential Power Byung-Kook Kim 140

6 The Armed Forces Joo-Hong Kim 168

7 The Leviathan: Economic Bureaucracy under Park Byung-Kook Kim 200

8 The Origins of the Yushin Regime: Machiavelli Unveiled Hyug Baeg Im 233

Part 3 Economy and Society

9 The Chaebol Eun Mee Kim Gil-Sung Park 265

10 The Automobile Industry Nae-Young Lee 295

11 Pohang Iron & Steel Company Sang-young Rhyu Seok-jin Lew 322

12 The Countryside Young Jo Lee 345

13 The Chaeya Myung-Lim Park 373

Part 4 International Relations

14 The Vietnam War: South Korea's Search for National Security Min Yong Lee 403

15 Normalization of Relations with Japan: Toward a New Partnership Jung-Hoon Lee 430

16 The Security, Political, and Human Rights Conundrum, 1974-1979 Yong-Jick Kim 457

17 The Search for Deterrence: Park's Nuclear Option Sung Gul Hong 483

Part 5 Comparative Perspective

18 Nation Rebuilders: Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Lee Kuan Yew Deng Xiaoping Park Chung Hee Ezra F. Vogel 513

19 Reflections on a Reverse Image: South Korea under Park Chung Hee and the Philippines under Ferdinand Marcos Paul D. Hutchcroft 542

20 The Perfect Dictatorship? South Korea versus Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico Jorge I. Domínguez 573

21 Industrial Policy in Key Developmental Sectors: South Korea versus Japan and Taiwan Gregory W. Noble 603

Conclusion: The Post-Park Era Byung-Kook Kim 629

Notes 651

Acknowledgments 737

List of Contributors 739

Index of Persons 741

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