Paroles d'Apollon: Pratiques et traditions oraculaires dans l'Antiquite tardive (IIe - VIe siecles)

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This book deals with the making and the reuses of the divine words which were ascribed to Apollo from the 2nd to the 6th centuries AD and which have now become available in both epigraphical and literary sources. The larger part has been issued by the sanctuaries of Claros and Didyma. This comprehensive and historical approach analyses the oracles of Apollo according to the various contexts ancient authors used to resort to the sacred words.
The first part of the book examines, in the context of the Graeco-Roman city-states, the oracular texts in relation to the sanctuaries where they had originally been produced. The second part explores the different ways in which the Apollinian oracles were reappropriated by pagan and Christian authors for philosophical, polemical and apologetic purposes.
This study of the sacred texts reveals in an original manner the cultural, political, and religious life of pagans and Christians in the Roman Empire.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
Winner of the Eugène Goblet d’Alviella Prize (Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres & des Beaux-Arts de Belgique) for best book in Belgium in the field of History of Religions 1999-2004.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789004146624
  • Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.
  • Publication date: 10/12/2005
  • Series: Religions in the Graeco-Roman World Series, #156
  • Pages: 518
  • Product dimensions: 6.67 (w) x 9.59 (h) x 1.48 (d)

Meet the Author

Aude Busine, Ph.D. (2003) in Ancient History, Université Libre de Bruxelles, is a postdoctoral Researcher of the Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique (Belgium). She has published Les Sept Sages de la Grèce antique (De Boccard, 2002). Her main research interest lies in the cultural aspects of pagan and Christian religions in the Roman Empire.
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Table of Contents

Première partie. Paroles d’un dieu citoyen
Chapitre I. Cadre institutionnel
I. Institutions productrices de textes révélés
A. Authenticité et attributions des textes oraculaires
B. Oracles de Delphes ?
C. Oracles de Didymes
D. Oracles de Claros
Une source exceptionnelle : les listes de délégations
II. Production du texte sacré
A. Inspiration divine
B. Personnel oraculaire
C. Emission du texte et archivage
III. Clientèle des sanctuaires oraculaires
A. Provenance géographique
B. Origine sociale et milieu professionnel
Chapitre II. S’adresser à Apollon
I. Motifs de la consultation
A. Contextes civiques
B. Contextes privés
II. Choix du sanctuaire
III. Enjeux de consultation
A. A l’intérieur de la cité
B. Au niveau de la région
C. Au niveau de l’empire
IV. Conclusion
Chapitre III. Discours théologiques en contextes
I. Expliquer
II. Prescrire
A. Des rites issus d’un passé idéalisé
B. Des prescriptions adaptées au présent
C. Asseoir son pouvoir
III. Révéler le monde divin
A. Répondre à la demande
B. Expression d’une théologie païenne nouvelle
IV. Conclusion
Les paroles d’Apollon au service de l’idéologie
Chapitre IV. Des oracles pour philosophie
I. Les oracles d’Apollon dans la Philosophie tirée des oracles
A. Nature et objet de la Philosophie tirée des oracles
B. La collection d’oracles d’Apollon de Porphyre
C. Exégèse des oracles apolliniens : des doctrines et de la pratique
D. De l’ascèse philosophique à la polémique chrétienne
II. L’oracle d’Apollon de la Vie de Plotin
A. Présentation de l’oracle
B. Place et fonction de l’oracle dans la Vie de Plotin
C. Origine et authenticité de l’oracle
D. Commentaire de Porphyre
III. Conclusion : des livres sacrés du paganisme
Chapitre V. Des oracles pour pamphlet
I. Introduction : critiques païennes et chrétiennes des oracles
II. La critique des oracles d’Apollon par Eusèbe de Césarée
A. Une vaste entreprise apologétique
B. Opinion d’Eusèbe sur la mantique oraculaire
C. Utilisation des oracles d’Apollon
III. Conclusion
Chapitre VI. Des oracles pour prophéties chrétiennes
I. Révélation païenne et tradition chrétienne
A. Origines judéo-hellénistiques
B. Le recours à la révélation païenne chez les auteurs chrétiens
C. Apollon, prophète chrétien
II. Oracles apolliniens et révélation chrétienne
A. Apollon, admirateur des Hébreux
B. Apollon, professeur de théologie chrétienne
C. Apollon messager de la victoire du christianisme
III. Conclusion
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