Parsing the Turing Test: Philosophical and Methodological Issues in the Quest for the Thinking Computer / Edition 1

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Overview

Parsing the Turing Test is a landmark exploration of both the philosophical and methodological issues surrounding the search for true artificial intelligence. Will computers and robots ever think and communicate the way humans do? When a computer crosses the threshold into self-consciousness, will it immediately jump into the Internet and create a World Mind? Will intelligent computers someday recognize the rather doubtful intelligence of human beings? Distinguished psychologists, computer scientists, philosophers, and programmers from around the world debate these weighty issues - and, in effect, the future of the human race - in this important volume.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781402067082
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 1/28/2008
  • Edition description: 2009
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 517
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents


Foreword     vii
Acknowledgments     ix
Introduction     xi
About the Editors     xxiii
Setting the Stage
The Quest for the Thinking Computer   Robert Epstein     3
Alan Turing and the Turing Test   Andrew Hodges     13
Computing Machinery and Intelligence   Alan M. Turing     23
Commentary on Turing's "Computing Machinery and Intelligence"   John Lucas     67
The Ongoing Philosophical Debate
The Turing Test: Mapping and Navigating the Debate   Robert E. Horn     73
If I Were Judge   Selmer Bringsjord     89
Turing on the "Imitation Game"   Noam Chomsky     103
On the Nature of Intelligence: Turing, Church, von Neumann, and the Brain   Paul M. Churchland     107
Turing's Test: A Philosophical and Historical Guide   Jack Copeland   Diane Proudfoot     119
The Turing Test: 55 Years Later   John R. Searle     139
Doing Justice to the Imitation Game: A Farewell to Formalism   Jean Lassegue     151
The New Methodological Debates
How to Hold a Turing Test Contest   Hugh Loebner     173
The Anatomy of A.L.I.C.E   Richard S. Wallace     181
The Social Embedding of Intelligence: Towards Producing a Machine that Could Pass the Turing Test   Bruce Edmonds     211
How My Program Passed the Turing Test   Mark Humphrys     237
Building a Machine Smart Enough to Pass the Turing Test: Could We, Should We, Will We?   Douglas B. Lenat     261
Mind as Space: Toward the Automatic Discovery of a Universal Human Semantic-affective Hyperspace - A Possible Subcognitive Foundation of a Computer Program Able to Pass the Turing Test   Chris McKinstry     283
Can People Think? Or Machines? A Unified Protocol for Turing Testing   Stuart Watt     301
The Turing Hub as a Standard for Turing Test Interfaces   Robby Garner     319
Conversation Simulation and Sensible Surprises   Jason L. Hutchens     325
A Computational Behaviorist Takes Turing's Test   Thomas E. Whalen     343
Bringing AI to Life: Putting Today's Tools and Resources to Work   Kevin L. Copple     359
Laplace, Turing and the "Imitation Game" Impossible Geometry: Randomness, Determinism and Programs in Turing's Test   Giuseppe Longo     377
Going Under Cover: Passing as Human; Artificial Interest: A Step on the Road to AI   Michael L. Mauldin     413
How not to Imitate a Human Being: An Essay on Passing the Turing Test   Luke Pellen     431
Who Fools Whom? The Great Mystification, or Methodological Issues on Making Fools of Human Beings   Eugene Demchenko   Vladimir Veselov     447
Afterthoughts on Thinking Machines
A Wager on the Turing Test   Ray Kurzweil   Mitchell Kapor     463
The Gnirut Test   Charles Platt     479
The Artilect Debate: Why Build Superhuman Machines, and Why Not?   Hugo De Garis   Sam Halioris     487
Name Index     511
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