Particle and Astroparticle Physics

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Overview

From superstring theory to models with extra dimensions to dark matter and dark energy, a range of theoretically stimulating ideas have evolved for physics beyond the standard model. These developments have spawned a new area of physics that centers on the interplay between particle physics and cosmology—astroparticle physics. Providing the necessary theoretical background, Particle and Astroparticle Physics clearly presents the many recent advances that have occurred in these fields.
Divided into five parts, the book begins with discussions on group and field theories. The second part summarizes the standard model of particle physics and includes some extensions to the model, such as neutrino masses and CP violation. The next section focuses on grand unified theories and supersymmetry. The book then discusses the general theory of relativity, higher dimensional theories of gravity, and superstring theory. It also introduces various novel ideas and models with extra dimensions and low-scale gravity. The last part of the book deals with astroparticle physics. After an introduction to cosmology, it covers several specialized topics, including baryogenesis, dark matter, dark energy, and brane cosmology.
With numerous equations and detailed references, this lucid book explores the new physics beyond the standard model, showing that particle and astroparticle physics will together reveal unique insights in the next era of physics.

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Product Details

Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction
Formalism
Particles and Fields
Action principle
Scalar, spinor, and gauge fields
Feynman diagrams
Scattering processes and cross section
Renormalization
Divergences
Radiative corrections
Renormalization of QED
Renormalization in ø4 theory
Group Theory
Matrix groups
Lie groups and Lie algebra
SU(2), SU(3), and SU(n) groups
Group representations
Orthogonal groups
STANDARD MODEL AND BEYOND
Symmetries in Nature
Discrete symmetries
Continuous symmetries
Symmetry breaking
Local symmetries
The Standard Model
Quantum chromodynamics
V–A theory
Electroweak theory
Fermion masses and mixing
Neutrino Masses and Mixing
Dirac and Majorana neutrinos
Models of neutrino masses
Neutrino oscillations
Summary of experiments
CP Violation
CP violation in the quark sector
Strong CP problem
Peccei–Quinn symmetry
CP violation in the leptonic sector
Grand Unification and Supersymmetry
Grand Unified Theory
SU(5) grand unified theories
Particle spectrum
Proton decay
Coupling constant unification
SO(10) grand unified theories
Supersymmetry
Why supersymmetry
Formalism
Gauge theory
Supersymmetry breaking
Supersymmetric Models
Minimal supersymmetric standard model
Supersymmetry breaking models
R-parity violation
Supersymmetry and L violation
Grand unified theories
EXTRA DIMENSIONS
Extended Gravity
Gravity in four dimensions
Gravity in higher dimensions
Supergravity
Extended supergravity
Introduction to Strings
Bosonic strings
Superstrings
Heterotic string
Superstring phenomenology
Duality and branes
Extra Dimensions and Low-Scale Gravity
Large extra dimensions
Phenomenology with large extra dimensions
TeV-scale grand unified theories
Neutrino masses and strong CP problem
Warped extra dimensions
Novelties with Extra Dimensions
Noncompact warped dimensions
Orbifold grand unified theories
Split supersymmetry
Higgsless models
ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS
Introduction to Cosmology
The standard model of cosmology
Evolution of the universe
Primordial nucleosynthesis
Cosmic microwave background radiation
Formation of large scale structures
Cosmic microwave background anisotropy
Inflation
Baryon Asymmetry of the Universe
Baryogenesis
Leptogenesis
Models of leptogenesis
Leptogenesis and neutrino masses
Generic constraints
Dark Matter and Dark Energy
Dark matter and supersymmetry
Models of dark matter
Dark matter searches
Dark energy and quintessense
Neutrino dark energy
Cosmology and Extra Dimensions
Bounds on extra dimensions
Brane cosmology
Dark energy in a brane world
Epilogue
bibliography
References
Index

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