Particulate Emissions from Vehicles / Edition 1

Hardcover (Print)
Buy New
Buy New from BN.com
$153.60
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $114.08
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 28%)
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (5) from $114.08   
  • New (4) from $114.08   
  • Used (1) from $153.59   

Overview

The public health risks posed by automotive particulate emissions are well known. Such particles are sufficiently small to reach the deepest regions of the lungs; and moreover act as carriers for many potentially toxic substances. Historically, diesel engines have been singled out in this regard, but recent research shows the need to consider particulate emissions from gasoline engines as well. Already implicated in more than one respiratory disease, the strongest evidence in recent times points to particle-mediated cardiovascular disorders (strokes and heart attacks). Accordingly, legislation limiting particulate emissions is becoming increasingly stringent, placing great pressure on the automotive industry to produce cleaner vehicles - pressure only heightened by the ever-increasing number of cars on our roads. 

Particulate Emissions from Vehicles addresses a field of increased international interest and research activity; discusses the impact of new legislation globally on the automotive industry; and explains new ways of measuring particle size, number and composition that are currently under development. The expert analysis and summary of the state-of-the-art, which encompasses the key areas of combustion performance, measurement techniques and toxicology, will appeal to R&D practitioners and engineers working in the automotive industry and related mechanical fields, as well as postgraduate students and researchers of engine technology, air pollution and life/ environmental science. The public health aspects will also appeal to the biomedical research community.

Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"A comprehensive work ... a mission well accomplished ... a wealth of knowledge" (International Journal of Environment and Pollution, January 2010)

"This is the definitive text in the field today … Dr Eastwood has performed a valuable service" (Chemistry World, October 2008)

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470724552
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 3/28/2008
  • Series: RSP Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 512
  • Product dimensions: 6.61 (w) x 9.61 (h) x 1.33 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface.

Acronyms and Abbreviations.

Chapter 1. Introduction.

Chapter 2. Fundamentals.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Properties of Aerosol Particles.

2.2.1 Diameter and Shape.

2.2.2 Size Distribution.

2.2.3 Transport and Deposition.

2.2.4 Transformation and Mutation.

2.3 Particles in the Atmosphere.

2.3.1 Character and Behaviour.

2.3.2 Aerosols in Nature.

2.3.3 Anthropogenic Aerosols.

2.3.4 Environmental Implications.

2.4 Motor Vehicle Particulate.

2.4.1 Some Typical Particles Dissected.

2.4.2 What happens within the Engine.

2.4.3 What Happens within the Exhaust.

2.4.4 Number versus Mass.

2.5 Closure.

Chapter 3. Formation I: Composition.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Carbonaceous Fraction: I.

Classical Models.

3.2.1 Empiricisms.

3.2.2 Inception.

3.2.3 Surface Growth.

3.2.4 Agglomeration.

3.2.5 Oxidation.

3.3 Carbonaceous Fraction: II.

The Combusting Plume.

3.3.1 Historical Overview.

3.3.2 Premixed Burn.

3.3.3 Mixing-Controlled Burn.

3.3.4 Late Burn.

3.4 Carbonaceous Fraction: III.

Wall Interactions.

3.4.1 Theoretical.

3.4.2 Experimental.

3.5 Ash Fraction.

3.5.1 Chemical Reactions.

3.5.2 Gas-to-Particle Conversion.

3.6 Organic Fraction.

3.6.1 Preparatory Chemical Reactions.

3.6.2 Chemical Reactions in the Exhaust.

3.6.3 Gas-Particle Conversion: Models.

3.6.4 Gas-Particle Conversion: Measurements .

3.6.5 White Smoke.

3.7 Sulphate Fraction.

3.7.1 Chemical Reactions.

3.7.2 Gas-to-Particle Conversion.

3.8 Closure.

Chapter 4. Formation II: Location.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Within the Exhaust System.

4.2.1 Storage and Release.

4.2.2 Deposition within Catalysts.

4.3 Within the Exhaust Plume.

4.4 Within the Transfer Line.

4.5 Within the Dilution Tunnel.

4.6 On the Filter.

4.7 Closure.

Chapter 5. Measurement.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Particulate Measured Conventionally.

5.2.1 Drawing a Sample of Exhaust.

5.2.2 Diluting the Exhaust.

5.2.3 Collection onto a Filter.

5.2.4 Fractionation by Gasification.

5.2.5 Fractionation by Dissolution.

5.3.6 Chemically Assaying the Organic Fraction .

5.3.7 Biologically Assaying the Organic Fraction .

5.3 Particulate Measured Individually.

5.3.1 Inertial Mobility.

5.3.2 Electrical Mobility.

5.3.3 Laser-Induced Incandescence.

5.3.4 Light Scattering.

5.4 Particulate Measured Collectively.

5.4.1 Photoacousticity.

5.4.2 Photoelectricity and Diffusion Charging.

5.4.3 Electrical Charge.

5.4.4 Flame Ionisation.

5.4.5 Mass.

5.4.6 Smoke.

5.5 Closure.

Chapter 6. Characterisation.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Physical Characterisation.

6.2.1 Microstructure.

6.2.2 Morphology.

6.2.3 Density.

6.2.4 Surface Area.

6.2.5 Electrical Charge.

6.3 Chemical Characterisation.

6.3.1 Carbonaceous Fraction.

6.3.2 Ash Fraction.

6.3.3 Organic Fraction.

6.3.4 Sulphate Fraction.

6.4 Biological Characterisation.

6.5 Demographical Characterisation.

6.6 Closure.

Chapter 7. Abatement.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Fuel Formulation.

7.2.1 Sulphur.

7.2.2 Hydrocarbons.

7.2.3 Oxygenates.

7.2.4 Additives.

7.2.5 Volatility, Cetane Number and Density.

7.3 Fuel Injection.

7.3.1 The Injector Nozzle.

7.3.2 Injection Pressure.

7.3.3 Injection Scheduling.

7.4 Exhaust Gas Recirculation.

7.5 Induction.

7.5.1 External to the Engine.

7.5.2 Internal to the Engine.

7.6 Lubrication.

7.6.1 Oil in Particulate.

7.6.2 Particulate in Oil.

7.7 Alternative Combustion.

7.8 Aftertreatment.

7.8.1 Catalytic Converters.

7.8.2 Particulate Filters.

7.9 Closure.

Chapter 8. Gasoline Engines.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 A Historical Perspective.

8.2.1 Organometallic Fuel Additives and Ash .

8.2.2 Oxidation Catalysts and Sulphates.

8.3 Port-Injection Engines.

8.3.1 Formation.

8.3.2 Characterisation.

8.3.3 Abatement.

8.4 Direct Injection Engines.

8.4.1 Formation.

8.4.2 Characterisation.

8.4.3 Abatement.

8.4 Two-Stroke Engines.

8.5 Closure.

Chapter 9. Disintegration.

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Roads.

9.3 Brakes.

9.4 Tyres.

9.5 Exhausts.

9.6 Catalysts.

9.7 Closure.

Chapter 10. Toxicology.

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Public Exposure.

10.3 Public Health.

10.4 Pathogenesis.

10.5 Epidemiology.

10.6 In Vitro.

10.7 In Vivo.

10.8 Humans.

10.9 Closure.

10.10 Glossary.

Chapter 11. Closure.

11.1 Recommendations for Research.

11.2 Smaller Particles in Larger Numbers; or Larger Particles in Smaller Numbers.

11.3 Smaller and Smaller and Smaller.

11.4 Broader Questions of Policy.

Bibliography.

Literature Cited.

Subject Index.

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)