Partition and Adsorption of Organic Contaminants in Environmental Systems / Edition 1

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Overview

Given the presence of a wide variety of contaminants in the environment, it is important to understand what drives a contaminant from one medium to another, as well as the manner and extent to which a contaminant associates with the different media or phases within a local environmental system. Partition and Adsorption of Organic Contaminants in Environmental Systems forms a comprehensive resource on the behavioral characteristics of contaminants so that appropriate strategies can be adopted to either prevent or minimize their adverse impacts on human welfare and natural resources.

Cary Chiou’s far-reaching text depicts the processes by which nonionic organic contaminants are sorbed to natural biotic and abiotic substances. This book focuses on physical principles and system parameters that affect the contaminant uptake by soil from water, air, and other media; by fish from water; and by plants from soil and water. As contaminant uptake by natural organic substances is often predominantly a partition interaction, the partition characteristics in several solvent-water model mixtures are treated in detail to elucidate the relevant physicochemical parameters. The account of contaminant sorption to soils, fish, and plants is strengthened by companion chapters on:

  • Fundamentals of solution theory
  • Interphase partition equations
  • Fundamentals of adsorption theory
  • Vapor adsorption on mineral and carbonaceous solids

No other single source in the field delivers as compelling a combination of background understanding and "state-of-the-science" comprehension of current issues. Ideally suited for a graduate-level environmental course, Partition and Adsorption of Organic Contaminants in Environmental Systems also serves as a technical guide to current and future research in the field.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“…a very coherent view that accounts for many observed containment uptake phenomena…an excellent book.” (International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 2004)
From The Critics
Chiou examines the processes by which nonionic organic contaminants are sorbed to natural biotic and abiotic substances. The text focuses on physical principles and system parameters affecting the contaminant uptake by soil from water, air, and other media, by fish from water, and by plants from soil and water, and covers partition interaction and the partition characteristics in several solvent-water model mixtures in some detail. Written for graduate students and beginning professionals in environmental science and engineering, the text is intended as a cohesive starting point for beginning researchers who might have difficulty making sense of the often conflicting and confusing literature on the topic. Chiou is a research chemist/hydrologist at the U.S. Geological Survey. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780471233251
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 8/23/2002
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 274
  • Product dimensions: 6.26 (w) x 9.65 (h) x 0.96 (d)

Meet the Author

CARY T. CHIOU is a research chemist/hydrologist at the U.S. Geological Survey. His work has received more than 4,000 literature citations in 100 scientific journals. Dr. Chiou's 1979 Science paper, which pioneered the Soil Organic Matter Partition concept, received the 1999 Outstanding Publication Award from the Association of Environmental Engineering and Science Professors.

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Table of Contents

Preface.

Important Thermodynamic Properties.

Fundamentals of the Solution Theory.

Interphase Partition Equations.

Fundamentals of the Adsorption Theory.

Contaminant Partition and Bioconcentration.

Vapor Adsorption on Minerals and Other Solids.

Contaminant Sorption to Soils and Natural Solids.

Contaminant Uptake by Plants from Soil and Water.

Bibliography.

Index.

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