Party Systems and Country Governance


Features of this text include

  • A cross-national analysis of political party systems in 212 countries of the world.
  • A student-friendly introduction to political science methods including regression analysis.
  • Student research projects in the text as well as additional Website materials.

Party Systems and Country Governance focuses on ...
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Features of this text include

  • A cross-national analysis of political party systems in 212 countries of the world.
  • A student-friendly introduction to political science methods including regression analysis.
  • Student research projects in the text as well as additional Website materials.

Party Systems and Country Governance focuses on party systems—their variations across the world and their effects on country governance. It is also about the conceptualization and measurement of country governance. In the language of research, party system traits are the independent variables and country governance scores are the dependent variables. According to the normative values of democratic theory, the presence of competitive, aggregative, stable systems of political parties contributes to better country governance. International aid agencies have tended to accept the normative theory, assuming its truth. As a result, they have spent millions of dollars in efforts to develop competitive, aggregative, stable party systems. This study translates the normative theory into testable empirical theory. It provides evidence that largely, but not completely, supports the assumptions of aid agencies. The nature of a country’s party system affects the quality of its governance. To measure governance, the authors used the existing World Bank Governance Indicators for 2007 on 212 countries. Using Internet sources, they collected parliamentary party data for 189 countries after two elections: a “stimulus” election in the mid-2000s and an adjacent “referent” election usually held prior to the stimulus election. The authors identified fifteen additional countries that did not hold elections for parliamentary parties and eight countries that held nonpartisan elections, seating no deputies by party. Together these 212 countries account for virtually all the variations in party systems across the world.

Also, check out the website for Party Systems to see student exercises and learn more about the book.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781594519338
  • Publisher: Paradigm Publishers
  • Publication date: 8/1/2011
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 256
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Kenneth Janda works in American government, political parties, elementary statistics, and computer methods. His books include Political Parties: A Cross-National Survey, Parties and Their Environments: Limits to Reform?, and the American government textbook, The Challenge of Democracy. He cofounded and coedits the international journal, Party Politics. In 2000, he won a “Lifetime Achievement” award from the American Political Science Association for his research on political parties. In 2005, he was a co-winner of the APSA Award for Best Instructional Software, and in 2009 he received the APSA’s Frank J. Goodnow Award for service to the profession.

Jin-Young Kwak is former chair and current professor in the Department of Political Science at Konkuk University in Seoul, South Korea. Her co-authored Korean books include Governance: Diffusion and Internalization, American Governance in the 21st Century, Understanding Contemporary Party Politics, and The Politics of Governance. She also publishes widely on electoral behavior, women's rights, and regional issues in Asia. She currently serves as Secretary General of the Korean Association of Party Studies.

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Table of Contents

List of Boxes, Figures, and Tables ix

Preface xiii

Introduction xvii

Part I The Nature of Country Governance

Chapter 1 Governance: From Quaint Term to Hot Topic 3

Chapter 2 Science and Art in Measuring Country Governance 19

Part II Environmental Effects on Country Governance

Chapter 3 Country Governance: Chicken or Egg? 51

Chapter 4 The Effects of Country Size 59

Chapter 5 The Effects of Country Wealth 81

Part III Party System Effects on Country Governance

Chapter 6 Party Systems Effects: The Theory With Jin-Young Kwak 95

Chapter 7 Party Systems: Data and Measures With Jin-Young Kwak 105

Chapter 8 Governance Without Party Systems 123

Chapter 9 The Effects of Competition 135

Chapter 10 The Effects of Aggregation 149

Chapter 11 The Effects of Stability 163

Chapter 12 Reviewing the Theory and Research 173

Appendices: Measures, Data, and Student Research

Appendix A Worldwide Governance Indicator Data Sources 183

Appendix B Countries with Party System Data 197

Appendix C Student Research Projects 207

Index 211

About the Authors 225

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