Pasteur's Quadrant; Basic Science and Technological Innovation

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The author recasts the widely accepted view of the tension between scientific understanding and use and builds a convincing case that by recognizing the importance of use-inspired basic research, we can frame a new contract between science and government.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780815781776
  • Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
  • Publication date: 9/1/1997
  • Pages: 180
  • Sales rank: 584,459
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Stating the Problem 1
Forging the Postwar Paradigm 2
The Concepts of Basic and Applied Research 6
Static and Dynamic Forms of the Paradigm 9
The Experience of Science 12
Science and Technology 18
Who Reaps the Technological Harvest from Science? 23
A Paradox in the History of Ideas 24
2 The Rise of the Modern Paradigm 26
The Ideal of Pure Inquiry in Classical Times 27
The Ideal of the Control of Nature in Early Modern Science 30
Institutionalizing the Separation of Pure from Applied in Europe 34
Institutionalizing the Separation of Pure from Applied in America 38
Reinforcing the Separation: American Science in the Aftermath of World War II 45
The Reception of Bush's Plan 50
3 Transforming the Paradigm 58
Early Dissents 59
Official Reporting Categories 64
Expanding the Dimensional Image 70
Probing the Framework 75
Rethinking the Dynamic Paradigm 84
Implications for Policy 89
4 Renewing the Compact between Science and Government 90
Collapse of the Postwar Bargain 91
The Opening for Renewal 96
Strengthening the Case for Pure Research 99
Capturing the Benefit in Technology 104
Institutionalizing a New Compact 106
5 Basic Science and American Democracy 111
Recognizing Scientific Promise and Social Value at the Project Level 113
Linking Scientific Promise to Social Value at the Wholesale Level 121
Evaluating the NIH Model 137
Linking Scientific Judgment with Political Authority 142
Notes 153
Index 174
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