Paths to a Green World: The Political Economy of the Global Environment / Edition 2

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This comprehensive and accessible book fills the need for a political economy view of global environmental politics, focusing on the ways international economic processes affect environmental outcomes. It examines the main actors and forces shaping global environmental management, particularly in the developing world. Moving beyond the usual emphasis on international agreements and institutions, it strives to capture not only academic theoretical debates but also views on politics, economics, and the environment within the halls of global conferences, on the streets during antiglobalization protests, and in the boardrooms of international agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and industry associations.

The book maps out an original typology of four contrasting worldviews of environmental change—those of market liberals, institutionalists,bioenvironmentalists, and social greens—and uses them as a framework to examine the links between the global political economy and ecological change. This typology provides a common language for students, instructors, and scholars to discuss the issues across the classical social science divisions.The second edition of this popular text has been thoroughly revised and updated to reflect recent events,including the food crisis of 2007-2008, the financial meltdown of 2008, and the Copenhagen Climate Conference of 2009. Topics covered include the environmental implications of globalization; wealth, poverty, and consumption; global trade; transnational corporations; and multilateral and private finance.

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What People Are Saying

From the Publisher
"An extraordinarily important book that hits a grand slam for its conceptual, theoretical, pedagogical, and practical breakthroughs. Paths to a Green World should be on the required reading list for any serious course on international environmental policy. I have used it in my course ever since the first edition, and will continue to do so until the day I retire." Benjamin Cashore , Professor of Environmental Governance and Political Science, Yale University

"There is much to admire about the second edition of Paths to a Green World. The book provides an authoritative yet concise introduction to the political economy of the global environment; it is written in an accessible and engaging style; and it offers a nuanced interpretation of the scholarly literature and political debate on the environmental impact of globalization, trade,finance, and production. Essential for students and teachers alike." Robert Falkner , London School of Economics and Political Science

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780262515825
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • Publication date: 3/11/2011
  • Edition description: second edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 384
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Jennifer Clapp is CIGI Chair in International Governance and Professor of Environmental Studies at the University of Waterloo. She is the coauthor of Paths to a Green World (MIT Press, 2005).

Peter Dauvergne is Professor of Political Science and Director of the Liu Institute for Global Issues at the University of British Columbia. He is the author of the award-winning The Shadows of Consumption: Consequences for the Global Environment (MIT Press) and other books.

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Table of Contents

Illustrations ix

Preface xi

Acknowledgments xv

Acronyms xix

1 Peril or Prosperity? Mapping Worldviews of Global Environmental Change 1

Four Environmental Worldviews 3

Market Liberals 4

Institutionalists 7

Bioenvironmentalists 9

Social Greens 12

Conclusion 14

2 The Ecological Consequences of Globalization 19

What Is Globalization? 19

Globalization and the Global Environment 26

Conclusion 42

3 The Globalization of Environmentalism 47

The Evolution of Global Discourse on Environment and Development 48

Global Environmental Governance 72

Conclusion 85

4 Economic Growth in a World of Wealth and Poverty 87

Wealth and Poverty for Market Liberals and Institutionalists 87

Critiques: Bioenvironmentalists and Social Greens 106

Conclusion 122

5 Global Trade and the Environment 127

Globalization and Trade 129

Trade's Impact on the Environment: Three Schools of Thought 131

The WTO and the Environment 143

Regional Trade Agreements-Opportunity for Greener Models? 156

Conclusion 159

6 Global Investment and the Environment 161

Globalization and Transnational Corporations 162

Differential Standards: Pollution Havens, Industrial Flight, Double Standards? 166

TNCs and Site Practices 174

Greening or Greenwash? 179

TNCs and Global Governance for Investment and the Environment 185

Conclusion 190

7 Global Financing and the Environment 193

Scope and Trends in International Finance 194

Multilateral Lending: The World Bank and the IMF 199

Multilateral Environmental Aid: The GEF and Climate Funds 209

Bilateral Finance: Export Credit Agencies 214

Private Finance and the Environment 217

Conclusion 223

8 Paths to a Green World? Four Visions for a Healthy Global Environment 227

Market Liberal Vision 228

Institutionalist Vision 233

Bioenvironmentalist Vision 237

Social Green Vision 241

Clashing Visions? 245

Notes 251

References 283

Index 333

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