Pathways: Writing Scenarios / Edition 2

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Overview

Pathways: Writing Scenarios teaches sentence and paragraph writing skills through themed writing scenarios, a focus on ideas over rules, and connecting grammar and the writing process. Covering all the significant topics at this level, the text also provides comprehensive and integrated coverage of the reading-writing connection (including a multicultural reader), instruction on methods of development, ESL Tips, paragraph-level editing exercises and collaborative activities, Internet activities, substantial online and ancillary support, and a four-color design.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205617760
  • Publisher: Longman
  • Publication date: 2/27/2009
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 688
  • Sales rank: 1,418,951
  • Product dimensions: 8.50 (w) x 10.80 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface

WRITING SUCCESS STARTS HERE!

PART I: GETTING STARTED

Chapter 1: An Introduction to Writing

Writing

What Writing Is and Is Not

The Writing Process: An Overview

Beginning Tips for Generating Ideas

Writing Paragraphs

Writing Essays

Sample Student Essay: College and the Marine Corps

Practical Advice for Getting Started

Peer Review

Writing Success Tip 1: Participating in Your Writing Class

Chapter Review and Practice

Chapter Review

Internet Activities

Chapter 2: The Reading-Writing Connection

Exploring the Reading-Writing Connection

Previewing before Reading

Reading: “Ways to Improve Your Memory,” Saul M. Kassin

Reading for Meaning

How to Handle Difficult Readings

How to Record Your Thinking: Annotation

Using Idea Maps

How to Write about a Reading

Writing Success Tip 2: Organizing a Place and Time to read and Write

Writing About A Reading

Thinking before Reading

Reading: What Really Scares Us?, David Ropeik

Getting Ready to Write

Reviewing the Reading

Examining the Reading: Using an Idea Map to Review the Reading

Strengthening Your Vocabulary

Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing

Writing about the Reading

Paragraph Options

Essay Options

Chapter Review and Practice

Chapter Review

Internet Activities

Chapter 3: Expanding Your Vocabulary

Vocabulary

Why Improve Your Vocabulary?

Get the Right Tools

Use Context Clues to Figure Out Unfamiliar Words

Pay Attention to Word Parts

Learn Idioms

Use Word Mapping to Expand Your Vocabulary

Develop a System for Learning New Words

Writing Success Tip 3: Improving Your Writing Vocabulary

Writing About A Reading

Thinking Before Reading

Reading: The Buzz on Caffeine, Paul Cuadro

Getting Ready to Write

Reviewing the Reading

Examining the Reading: Using an Idea Map to Review the Reading

Strengthening Your Vocabulary

Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing

Writing about the Reading

Paragraph Options

Essay Options

Chapter Review and Practice

Chapter Review

Internet Activities

PART II: SENTENCE BASICS AND DEVELOPMENT

Chapter 4: Complete Sentences Versus Fragments

Writing

What is a Fragment?

Subjects

Verbs

Clauses: An Overview

How to Spot and Revise Fragments: A Brief Review

Paragraph Writing Scenarios

Writing Success Tip 4: Keeping an Error Log

Writing About A Reading

Thinking before Reading

Reading: Scar, Cynthia Audet

Getting Ready to Write

Reviewing the Reading

Examining the Reading: Using an Idea Map

Strengthening Your Vocabulary

Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing

Writing about the Reading

Paragraph Options

Essay Options

Chapter Review and Practice

Chapter Review

Editing Practice

Internet Activities

Chapter 5: Run-on Sentences and Comma Splices

Writing

The Function of Punctuation

Run-on Sentences

Comma Splices

Paragraph Writing Scenarios

Writing Success Tip 5: Proofreading Tips

Writing About A Reading

Thinking before Reading

Reading: Back to School: Students Must Be Prepared to Use Debt Wisely

Getting Ready to Write

Reviewing the Reading

Examining the Reading: Using an Idea Map to Review the Reading

Strengthening Your Vocabulary

Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing

Writing about the Reading

Paragraph Options

Essay Options

Chapter Review and Practice

Chapter Review

Editing Practice

Chapter 6: Combining and Expanding Your Ideas

Writing

Understanding Independent and Dependent Clauses

Combining Ideas of Equal Importance

Combining Ideas of Unequal Importance

Writing Compound-Complex Sentences

Paragraph Writing Scenarios

Writing Success Tip 6: Writing with a Computer!

Writing About A Reading

Thinking Before Reading

Reading: Not Close Enough for Comfort, David Bardeen

Getting Ready to Write

Reviewing the Reading

Examining the Reading: Using an Idea Map to Review the Reading

Strengthening Your Vocabulary

Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing

Writing about the Reading

Paragraph Options

Essay Options

Chapter Review and Practice

Chapter Review

Editing Practice

Internet Activities

Chapter 7: Using Adjectives and Adverbs to Describe

Writing

Using Adjectives to Describe

Using Adverbs to Describe

Using Adjectives and Adverbs to Compare

Student Essay: The Longest Day, Gentry Carlson

Examining Student Writing

Paragraph Writing Scenarios

Writing Success Tip 7: Spelling

Writing About A Reading

Thinking before Reading

Reading: The Homecoming, and Then the Hard Part, Anthony Swofford

Getting Ready to Write

Reviewing the Reading

Examining the Reading: Using an Idea Map to Review the Reading

Strengthening Your Vocabulary

Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing

Writing about the Reading

Paragraph Options

Essay Options

Chapter Review and Practice

Chapter Review

Editing Practice

Internet Activities

Chapter 8: Using Modifiers to Add Detail

Writing

Using Prepositional Phrases to Add Detail

Using -ing Phrases to Add Detail

Using Who, Which, and That Relative Clauses to Add Detail

Student Essay: Just Coffee, Please?, Liz Cole

Examining Student Writing

Paragraph Writing Scenarios

Writing Success Tip 8: Avoiding Slang Expressions

Writing About A Reading

Thinking before Reading

Reading: Before and After, Lance Armstrong

Getting Ready to Write

Reviewing the Reading

Examining the Reading: Using an Idea Map to Review the Reading

Strengthening Your Vocabulary

Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing

Writing about the Reading

Paragraph Options

Essay Options

Chapter Review and Practice

Chapter Review

Editing Practice

Internet Activities

PART III: COMMON SENTENCE PROBLEMS AND HOW TO AVOID THEM

Chapter 9: Revising Confusing and Inconsistent Sentences

Writing

Using Pronouns Clearly and Correctly

Avoiding Shifts in Person, Number, and Verb Tense

Avoiding Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers

Using Parallelism

Student Essay: Rick’s Courage, Michaela Lozkova

Examining Student Writing

Paragraph Writing Scenarios

Writing Success Tip 9: Avoiding Trite Expressions

Writing About A Reading

Thinking before Reading

Reading: Sudanese Describes How He Became a Slave at 7, Lornet Turnbull

Getting Ready to Write

Reviewing the Reading

Examining the Reading: Using an Idea Map to Review the Reading

Strengthening Your Vocabulary

Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing

Writing about the Reading

Paragraph Options

Essay Options

Chapter Review and Practice

Chapter Review

Editing Practice

Internet Activities

Chapter 10: Using Verbs Correctly

Writing

Using Verb Tenses Correctly

Using Irregular Verbs Correctly

Avoiding Subject-Verb Agreement Errors

Using Active Instead of Passive Voice

Student Essay: The Places in My Life, Rachel Goodman

Examining Student Writing

Paragraph Writing Scenarios

Writing Success Tip 10: Eliminating Wordiness and Redundancy

Writing About A Reading

Thinking before Reading

Reading: If ER Nurses Crash, Will Patients Follow?, Paul Duke

Getting Ready to Write

Reviewing the Reading

Examining the Reading: Using an Idea Map to Review the Reading

Strengthening Your Vocabulary

Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing

Writing about the Reading

Paragraph Options

Essay Options

Chapter Review and Practice

Chapter Review

Editing Practice

Internet Activities

PART IV: PARAGRAPH BASICS AND DEVELOPMENT

Chapter 11: Planning and Organizing

Writing

Choosing a Topic

Keeping Your Reader in Mind

Generating Ideas

Organizing Your Ideas

Student Essay: Am I Conformist?, Ebtisam Abusamak

Examining Student Writing

Paragraph Writing Scenarios

Writing Success Tip 11: Using the Computer to Generate Ideas

Writing About A Reading

Thinking before Reading

Reading: Can I Get You Some Manners With That?, Christie Scotty

Getting Ready to Write

Reviewing the Reading

Examining the Reading: Using an Idea Map to Review the Reading

Strengthening Your Vocabulary

Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing

Writing about the Reading

Paragraph Options

Essay Options

Chapter Review and Practice

Chapter Review

Editing Practice

Internet Activities

Chapter 12: Drafting and Revising

Writing

Choosing a Manageable Topic

Writing Topic Sentences

Developing the Paragraph

Revising Paragraphs

Revision Checklist

Student Writing in Progress: Three Versions of The Emotional Wall, Tracy Burgio

Student Essay: First draft showing revisions

Student Essay: Second Draft showing revisions

Student Essay: Final Draft

Student Essay: Beautiful Words + Beautiful Images + One Beautiful Advertisement, Rachel Goodman

Examining Student Writing

Paragraph Writing Scenarios

Revision Checklist

Writing Success Tip 12: Using Nonsexist Language

Writing About A Reading

Thinking before Reading

Reading: Finding a Mate: Not the Same As It Used to Be, James M. Henslin

Getting Ready to Write

Reviewing the Reading

Examining the Reading: Using an Idea Map to Review the Reading

Strengthening Your Vocabulary

Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing

Writing about the Reading

Paragraph Options

Essay Options

Chapter Review and Practice

Chapter Review

Editing Practice

Internet Activities

Chapter 13: Developing, Arranging, and Connecting Details

Writing

Developing a Paragraph Using Specific Details

Methods of Arranging Details

Student Essay: Halloween: Fun without Cultural Guilt, Maya Prestwich

Examining Student Writing

Paragraph Writing Scenarios

Writing Success Tip 13: How to Write a Summary

Writing About A Reading

Thinking before Reading

Reading: A Brother’s Murder Brent Staples

Getting Ready to Write

Reviewing the Reading

Examining the Reading: Using an Idea Map to Review the Reading

Strengthening Your Vocabulary

Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing

Writing about the Reading

Paragraph Options

Essay Options

Chapter Review and Practice

Chapter Review

Editing Practice

Internet Activities

Chapter 14: Using Methods of Organization

Methods of Organization

A: NARRATION

What is Narration?

How to Develop a Narrative Paragraph

How to Organize a Narrative Paragraph

B: DESCRIPTION

What is description?

How to Develop a Descriptive Paragraph

How to Organize a Descriptive Paragraph

C: EXAMPLE

What is an Example?

How to Develop an Example Paragraph

How to Organize an Example Paragraph

D: DEFINITION

What is Definition?

How to Develop a Definition Paragraph

How to Organize a Definition Paragraph

E: COMPARISON AND CONTRAST

What is Comparison-Contrast?

How to Develop a Comparison-Contrast Paragraph

How to Organize a Comparison-Contrast Paragraph

F: CLASSIFICATION

What is Classification?

How to Develop a Classification Paragraph

How to Organize a Classification Paragraph

G: PROCESS

What is Process?

How to Develop a Process Paragraph

How to Organize a Process Paragraph

H: CAUSE AND EFFEXT

What is Cause and Effect?

How to Develop a Cause and Effect Paragraph

How to Organize a Cause and Effect Paragraph

I: ARGUMENT

What is Argument?

How to Develop an Argument Paragraph

How to Organize an Argument Paragraph

Student Essay: What My Culture Means to Me, Darlene Gallardo

Examining Student Writing

Paragraph Writing Scenarios

Writing Success Tip 14: Avoiding Plagiarism and Citing Sources

Writing About A Reading

Thinking before Reading

Reading: Saying ‘Adios’ to Spanglish

Getting Ready to Write

Reviewing the Reading

Examining the Reading: Using an Idea Map to Review the Reading

Strengthening Your Vocabulary

Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing

Writing about the Reading

Paragraph Options

Essay Options

Chapter Review and Practice

Chapter Review

Editing Practice

Internet Activities

PART V: COMMON PARAGRAPH PROBLEMS AND HOW TO AVOID THEM

Chapter 15 Revising Underdeveloped Paragraphs

Writing

Revising Ineffective Topic Sentences

Revising Paragraphs to Add Supporting Details

Student Essay: How to Raise a Happy Human, Rachel Goodman

Examining Student Writing

Paragraph Writing Scenarios

Writing Success Tip 15: How to Credit Sources

Writing About A Reading

Thinking before Reading

Reading: The Working-Class Smoker, Jerry Adler

Getting Ready to Write

Reviewing the Reading

Examining the Reading: Using an Idea Map to Review the Reading

Strengthening Your Vocabulary

Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing

Writing about the Reading

Paragraph Options

Essay Options

Revision Checklist

CHAPTER REVIEW AND PRACTICE

Chapter Review

Editing Practice

Internet Activities

Chapter 16: Using an Idea Map to Spot Revision Problems

Writing

Does Your Paragraph Stray From Your Topic?

Does Every Detail Belong?

Are Your Details Arranged and Developed Logically?

Is Your Paragraph Balanced?

Is Your Paragraph Repetitious?

Student Essay: Sports and Life, Zoe Cole

First Draft

Evaluating the Idea Map

Final Draft

Examining Student Writing

Paragraph Writing Scenarios

Writing Success Tip 16: Writing Application Letters

Writing About A Reading

Thinking before Reading

Reading: You Can’t Be Thin Enough: Body Images and the Mass Media, James M. Henslin

Getting Ready to Write

Reviewing the Reading

Examining the Reading: Using an Idea Map to Review the Reading

Strengthening Your Vocabulary

Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing

Writing about the Reading

Paragraph Options

Essay Options

Revision Checklist

Chapter Review and Practice

Chapter Review

Editing Practice

Internet Activities

PART VI: ESSAYS BASICS, DEVELOPMENT, AND COMMON PROBLEMS

Chapter 17: Essay Basics and Development

An Overview of the Essay

The Structure of an Essay

Planning Your Essay

Write Strong Thesis Statements

Support Your Thesis with Substantial Evidence

Student Essay: Angie’s Big Show, Alicia

Make Connections Among Your Ideas Clear

Writing the Introduction, Conclusion, and Title

Essay Writing Scenarios

Writing Success Tip 17: Writing Essay Exam Answers

Writing About A Reading

Thinking Before Reading

Reading: Calling in Late, Kate Zernike

Getting Ready to Write

Reviewing the Reading

Examining the Reading: Using an Idea Map to Review the Reading

Strengthening Your Vocabulary

Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing

Writing about the Reading

Paragraph Options

Essay Options

Revision Checklist

Chapter Review and Practice

Chapter Review

Editing Practice

Internet Activities

Chapter 18: Avoiding Common Problems in Essays

Problem # 1: The Topic is too Broad

Problem # 2: The Topic is too Narrow

Problem # 3: The Thesis Statement Needs Revision

Problem # 4: The Essay is Underdeveloped

Problem # 5: The Essay is Disorganized

Using Maps to Guide Your Revision

Seeking Further Help

Student Essay: My Big Deal Knee Surgery, Anna Majerczyk

Examining Student Writing

Essay Writing Scenarios

Writing Success Tip 18: Taking Writing Competency Tests

Writing About A Reading

Thinking Before Reading

Reading: From Now On, Let Women Kill Their Own Spiders, Dave Barry

Getting Ready to Write

Reviewing the Reading

Examining the Reading: Using an Idea Map to Review the Reading

Strengthening Your Vocabulary

Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing

Writing about the Reading

Paragraph Options

Essay Options

Revision Checklist

Chapter Review and Practice

Chapter Review

Editing Practice

Internet Activities

PART VII: A MULTICULTURAL READER

The Beautiful Laughing Sisters---An Arrival Story, Mary Pipher

The Struggle to Be an All-American Girl, Elizabeth Wong

A Note to Parents, Ruben Navarrette, Jnr.

Are Latinos Different?, Sandra Márquez

Thank You M’am, Langston Hughes

Tiger Woods and the Emerging Multiracial Identity: Mapping New Ethnic Terrain, James M. Henslin

PART VIII: REVIEWING THE BASICS

Guide to Reviewing the Basics

A. Understanding the Parts of Speech

A.1 Nouns

A.2 Pronouns

A.3 Verbs

A.4 Adjectives

A.5 Adverbs

A.6 Conjunctions

A.7 Prepositions

A.8 Interjections

B. Understanding the Parts of Sentences

B.1 Subjects

B.2 Predicates

B.3 Complements

B.4 Basic Sentence Patterns

B.5 Expanding the Sentence with Adjectives and Adverbs

B.6 Expanding the Sentence with Phrases

B.7 Expanding the Sentence with Clauses

B.8 Basic Sentence Classifications

C. Using Punctuation Correctly

C.1 End Punctuation

C.2 Commas

C.3 Unnecessary Commas

C.4 Colons and Semicolons

C.5 Dashes, Parentheses, Hyphens, Apostrophes, Quotation Marks

D. Managing Mechanics and Spelling

D.1 Capitalization

D.2 Abbreviations

D.3 Hyphenation and Word Division

D.4 Numbers

D.5 Suggestions for Improving Spelling

D.6 Six Useful Spelling Rules

E. Commonly Confused Words

PART VIX: ESL Guide

Text and Cartoon Credits

Index

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