Patterns for a Purpose: A Rhetorical Reader / Edition 2

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Patterns for a Purpose emphasizes the rhetorical patterns as strategies to help writers achieve their purposes for writing – as means rather than ends. The text focuses on how writers combine patterns and treats argumentation-persuasion in depth.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780070119802
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Publication date: 7/17/1998
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 704
  • Product dimensions: 5.30 (w) x 7.90 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

McGraw-Hill authors represent the leading experts in their fields and are dedicated to improving the lives, careers, and interests of readers worldwide
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Table of Contents

* New to this edition

1. Reading Critically

Critical Reading

Distinguishing Facts from Opinions

Making Inferences

Synthesizing Information

Evaluating Quality

Errors in Logic

Strategies for Critical Reading

Preview the Material

Do a First Reading

Reread and Study

Keeping a Reading Journal


The Purpose of Summaries

Suggestions for Writing a Summary

A Sample Summary


The Purpose of Synthesis

Suggestions for Synthesizing Information

A Sample Synthesis

* Mortimer Adler, How to Mark a Book

* Terry McMillan, On Reading and Becoming a Writer

2. Planning an Essay

Considering Your Writing Context



The Writer’s Role

Generating Ideas

Shaping a Writing Topic

Discovering Ideas to Develop Your Topic

Developing a Thesis

Location of the Thesis

Qualities of an Effective Thesis

How to Compose Your Thesis

Ordering Ideas


* Peter Elbow, Desperation Writing

* Gail Godwin, The Watcher at the Gates

3. Writing and Rewriting

Tips for Writing Your First Draft

The Introduction

Body Paragraphs

The Conclusion

The Title

Visualizing an Essay

Revising Your Draft

Tips for Revising

Revising with Reader Response

Editing the Draft

Proofreading the Final Copy

* Nora Ephron, Revision and Life: Take It from the Top, Again

* Paul Roberts, How to Say Nothing in 500 Words

4. Description

The Pattern

The Purposes of Description

Description in College Writing and Beyond

Selecting Descriptive Details

Objective and Expressive Details


Similes and Metaphors

Organizing Details

Strategies for Writing Description

Checklist for Revising Description

Annotated Student Essay: The Gendarme

* Garrison Keillor, Walking Down the Canyon

Mary Mebane, My Backyard

Alfred Kazin, My Neighborhood

Annie Dillard, The Deer at Providencia

* Gretel Ehrlich, Struck by Lightning

E. B. White, Once More to the Lake

* Alberto Riós, The Vietnam Wall

5. Narration

The Pattern

The Purposes of Narration

Narration in College Writing and Beyond

Supporting Details

Writing Dialogue

Organizing Details

Strategies for Writing Narration

Checklist for Revising Narration

Annotated Student Essay: The Family Reunion, Revisited

Robert Satter, Whom to Believe?

* Natalie Kusz, Ring Leader

Langston Hughes, Salvation

Jean Shepherd, Lost at C

Santha Rama Rau, By Any Other Name

George Orwell, A Hanging

* Lee K. Abbott, The View of Me from Mars

6. Exemplification

The Pattern

The Purposes of Exemplification

Exemplification in College Writing and Beyond

Supporting Details

Hypothetical Examples

Strategies for Writing Exemplification

Checklist for Revising Exemplification

Annotated Student Essay: Would I Lie to You?

* George Felton, I Hear America Blathering

* Trip Gabriel, Computers Help Unite Campuses by Also Drive Some Students Apart

Ralph Ellison, On Being the Target of Discrimination

Barbara Ehrenreich, What I Learned from Men: Lessons for a Full-Grown Feminist

* Michiko Kakutani, The Word Police

Jonathan Kozol, Untouchables

* Amy Hempel, In the Cemetery Where Al Jolson Is Buried

7. Process Analysis

The Pattern

The Purposes of Process Analysis

Process Analysis in College Writing and Beyond

Supporting Details

Organizing Details

Strategies for Writing a Process Analysis

Checklist for Revising a Process Analysis

* Annotated Student Essay: A Visit to Candyland

Miklós Vámos, How I’ll Become an American

Garrison Keillor, Attitude

* Henry Louis Gates, Jr., In the Kitchen

* Timothy Harper, Shoot to Kill

Diane Cole, Don’t Just Stand There

Jessica Mitford, Behind the Formaldehyde Curtain

*Naomi Shihab Nye, Rebellion Against the North Side

8. Comparison-Contrast

The Pattern

The Purposes of Comparison-Contrast

Comparison-Contrast in College

Writing and Beyond

Choosing Subjects

Supporting Details

Organizing Details

Strategies for Writing Comparison-Contrast

Checklist for Revising Comparison-Contrast

* Annotated Student Essay: Teaching a New Dog Old Tricks

Suzanne Britt, Neat People vs. Sloppy People

*James Collins, Lords of the Ring

* Bruce Catton, Grant and Lee: A Study in Contrasts

Alice Walker, Am I Blue?

* Deborah Tannen, Squeaky Wheels and Protruding Nails: Direct and Indirect Speech

Arthur L. Campa, Anglo vs. Chicano: Why?

* Mari Evans, When in Rome

9. Cause-and-Effect Analysis

The Pattern

The Purposes of Cause-and-Effect Analysis

Cause-and-Effect Analysis in College

Writing and Beyond

Supporting Details

Avoiding Errors in Logic

Organizing Details

Strategies for Writing Cause-and-Effect Analysis

Checklist for Revising Cause-and-Effect Analysis

Annotated Student Essay: Why Athletes Use Steroids

* Rick Reilly, Gentlemen, It’s Gut-Check Time

* Eyal Press, Fouled Out

Richard Rodriguez, Complexion

Brent Staples, Just Walk on By: A Black Man Ponders His Power to Alter Public Space

Dorothy Siegel, What Is Behind the Growth of Violence on College Campuses?

Calvin Trillin, It’s Just Too Late

* Leslie Marmon Silko, Lullaby

10. Classification and Division

The Pattern

The Purposes of Classification-Division

Classification-Division in College

Writing and Beyond

The Principle for Classification-Division

Supporting Details

Organizing Details

Strategies for Writing Classification-Division

Checklist for Revising Classification-Division

Annotated Student Essay: Strictly Speaking

* Russell Baker, The Plot against People

Sissela Bok, White Lies

Martin Luther King, Jr., The Ways of Meeting Oppression

* David Bodanis, What’s In Your Toothpaste?

William Zinsser, College Pressures

Desmond Morris, Territorial Behavior

* Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night

11. Definition

The Pattern

The Purposes of Definition

Definition in College Writing and Beyond

Supporting Details

Organizing Details

Strategies for Writing Definition

Checklist for Revising Definition

* Annotated Student Essay: What Is Courage?

Judy Brady, Want a Wife

Jo Goodwin Parker, What Is Poverty?

* Denise Graveline, The Blue Book

* Malcolm Gladwell, The Art of Failure

Malcolm Cowley, The View from 80

Elie Wiesel, To Be a Jew

* Pat Mora, Immigrants

12. The Law and Society: A Casebook for Argumentation-Persuasion

The Difference between Argumentation and Persuasion

Purpose and Audience

Argumentation-Persuasion in College Writing and Beyond

Supporting Details




How Logos, Pathos, and Ethos Relate to Purpose and Audience

Raising and Countering Objections

The Toulmin Model

Inductive and Deductive Reasoning



Organizing Argumentation-Persuasion

Strategies for Writing Argumentation-Persuasion

Checklist for Revising Argumentation-Persuasion

Annotated Student Essay: Who Should Decide?

Should the United States Pay Reparations to the Descendents of Slaves?

* Manning Marable, An Idea Whose Time Has Come

* Shelby Steele, A Childish Illusion of Justice

Should Law Enforcement Officials Torture Suspects to Save Lives and Protect the Country?

* Jonathan Alter, Time to Think about Torture

* Henry Porter, Now the Talk Is about Bringing Back Torture

Does the First Amendment Protect Hate Speech on Campus?

Nat Hentoff, Free Speech on Campus

Charles R. Lawrence III, The Debate over Placing Limits on Racist Speech Must Not Ignore the Damage It Does to Its Victims

Derek Bok, Protecting Freedom of Expression at Harvard

Should Juvenile Offenders Be Treated as Adults?

* The New York Times, Little Adult Criminals

* Laurence Steinberg, Should Juvenile Offenders Be Tried as Adults?

* Linda J. Collier, Adult Crime, Adult Time

* Timothy Roche and Amanda Bower, Young Voices from the Cell

13. Locating, Evaluating, and Drawing on Sources

Locating Sources

Decide on the Kind of Information You Need

Consult Your Librarian

Use Reference Books

Use the Catalog to Locate Books

Use Indexes to Locate Magazines, Journals, and Newspapers

Use the Internet

Evaluating Print and Internet Sources

Drawing on Sources: Paraphrasing

Drawing on Sources: Quoting

Integrating Paraphrases and Quotations

Documenting Sources

Avoiding Plagiarism

Locating Sources

Evaluating Sources

Sample Paper That Draws on Sources

*Divorce as a Violation of Trust

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