Peace Enforcement: The United Nations Experience in Congo, Somalia, and Bosnia

Peace Enforcement: The United Nations Experience in Congo, Somalia, and Bosnia

by Jane Boulden
     
 

ISBN-10: 0275969061

ISBN-13: 9780275969066

Pub. Date: 05/30/2001

Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated

The United Nations is being called upon more and more to participate if situations that fall somewhere between peacekeeping and full-scale enforcement operations, such as those in Korea during the 1950s and the Persian Gulf in 1991. Such efforts have come to be termed as peace enforcement operations. Three case studies in which the United Nations used this type of

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Overview

The United Nations is being called upon more and more to participate if situations that fall somewhere between peacekeeping and full-scale enforcement operations, such as those in Korea during the 1950s and the Persian Gulf in 1991. Such efforts have come to be termed as peace enforcement operations. Three case studies in which the United Nations used this type of force are examined: the early 1960s UN operation in the Congo (ONUC); the UN operations on Somalia (UNITAF and UNOSOM); and the mission in Bosnia (UNPROFOR). Until now, no single investigation had considered these three case studies from the viewpoint of determining the advantages and disadvantages involved in using peace enforcement as a way of dealing with international peace and security issues.

After careful examination, Boulden argues that, while problematic, peace enforcement is a potentially viable tool for the United Nations. The implementation of peace enforcement operations does, however, present the United Nations with a number of complicated challenges. Three factors have the power to influence the outcome of such operations. Without an adequate mandate, and—most importantly—without sufficient resources, the likelihood of success is low. Further, the maintenance of impartiality in the implementation of the operation (as opposed to whether or not the mandate itself is impartial) is critical to the chances of a positive outcome. Over all, the Security Council needs to have a greater awareness about the potential difficulties inherent in peace enforcement mandates and, accordingly, to take greater care in designing and monitoring these operations.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780275969066
Publisher:
ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date:
05/30/2001
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
176
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.56(d)

Table of Contents

Preface

Introductions

The Legal and Political Background to Peace Enforcement

The Congo

Somalia

Bosnia

Conclusions

Bibliography

Index

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