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A conference was held in Pozarevac, Serbia to mark the 290th anniversary of the treaty, which helped shape modern international relations, international law, and international borders in southeastern Europe. Historians and museum curators present 18 papers from the conference on general matters; international relations, diplomacy, and warfare; society, economy, and trade; and ideas, art and culture. Specific topics include the Habsburg-Ottoman wars and the modern world, the Peace of Passarowitz in Venice's Balkan policy, the Crimean Tatars and the Austro-Ottoman wars, and the emergence of the baroque in Belgrade. (Annotation C2011 Book News Inc.Portland, OR)
reviews: Awards: Reference Research Book News October 2011
In November 2008 to the 290th anniversary of the peace settlement of Passarowitz / that the first Turk war of Karl ORDINANCES. concluded, found in this small Serbian place, in which the contract became signs, an international conference place, whose contributions in English language the existing volume contains. Interesting is that almost to the same time also a collection to the peace of Karlowitz appear / to Sremski Karlovci 1699, that the old master of the French south east research Jean Bérenger published. Both peace settlements together manifest yes the successful advancing of the Habsburgermonarchie in the southeast after the Turk siege 1683 clearly. A large part of the old Hungary had come became extended 1699 under habsburgische domination – a zone, that one already since 1526 claimed – so 1718 with the Banat the last part of the former kingdom habsburgisch and the power of the ore house for some years another large piece far in addition. The existing volume gives a general outlook in a first section on the situation at the start of the 18th century, one of the publisher Charles Ingrao, professor in Purdue, USA, observes – exclusively on English language literature constructing – the wars between the Habsburgern and the Osmanen in a larger context and the second publisher Nikola professor in Belgrade, observes the peace settlement itself – being based on literature in many different languages – in that Large context with the Balkan Peninsula politics and the European power constellation. The third general contribution of Martin of Peter of the institute for European story in Mainz, that a specialist is for peace contracts, is concerned with the reception of this peace of Passarowitz in the historic sciences, predominantly on the basis of the German-speaking literature.
The second large section of the volume goes on concrete questions of the international relations, that
diplomacy and warfare on the Habsburgermonarchie (Harald Heppner and Daniela Schanes out of Graz) is on, it about the influence of the contract, and on Venice (Egidio Ivetic out of Padua). Rhoads Murphey of the university Birmingham analyzes the elements of the "politics of peacemaking" in Passarowitz, therefore about questions of the representation, composition of the delegations and tactic in the negotiations of this congress in the context with the general diplomatic practices at the start of the 18th century.
The third large section dedicates rummaged served itself Tataren (D. Y to the questions of the company, the economy and the trade in the context with Passarowitz 1718th influences on Bosnia (Enes Pelidija out of Sarajevo) and the roll of that. Shapira from Israel) stand at the start of the section. One especially gelungenen contribution over the habsburgische diplomacy and the economic policy the third publisher Jovan Pešalj, a very promising young historian delivers from Belgrade. Further articles are the implementation of the trade contract and the influence on different dealer groups in the Habsburgermonarchie (NumanElibol and Abdullah Mesud Küçükkalay out of in Turkey) and in the Osmanischen empire (Hrvoje out of Zagreb) dedicated. Demographic (Vojin S. from Belgrade) and ecclesiastically organisational variations (Catholic diocese in Belgrade and Smederevo) as a consequence of the war (Katarina from Belgrade) are further contributions to the subject.
The fourth and last section of the volume is subjects of the idea story that art and culture reserve. The first, science historical interesting treatise places the scientist and cartographers Luigi Ferdinando Marsigli that stood at that time in Austrian services, and its roll in the kartographischen problems of the contract into the foreground (Jelena from Belgrade). Ana selected an explicitly cultural and historical
access from Belgrade, it treats, also correspondingly illustrates, clarifies the album of Conrad white over the exchange of the Austrian and Turkish deputations 1719th Nikola in its second contribution to this collection the emerging the baroque in the art in Belgrade. The volume is locked of an analysis of the propaganda and the support of the patriotic attitude through that on the contract of 1718 related habsburgische propaganda, above all the medals (Vladimir from Belgrade).
All in everything a very gelungener volume to a little noted subject that way leads through its multidisciplinary extension of the old paradigms of the diplomacy story and war story and opens new, exciting subject areas. The international composition of the authors and authors brings also a large culture transfer achievement into being, for just the scientists out of the former Yugoslavia fall back on the literature in several languages and mediate in its articles of insights out of scientific works in languages, that are not most historians and historians out of the Anglo-Saxon however also the German-speaking area familiar.
Vienna Karl Vocelka
The Peace of Passarowitz, 1718. Ed. Charles Ingrao, Nikola Samardž ic´, and Jovan Pešalj. Central European Studies. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press, 2011. xiii, 310 pp. Notes. Index. Illustrations. Photographs. Figures. Tables. Maps. $39.95, paper. $19.99, e-book.
This collection brings together eighteen essays initially presented at an international conference held in Pož arevac, Serbia, in November 2008 on the occasion of the 290th anniversary of the 1718 Peace of Passarowitz (Pož arevac). Having missed an opportunity to mark the 300th anniversary of the Peace of Karlowitz (Sremski Karlovci) due to “the tragic events of 1999” (viii), and anticipating that 2018 will be swamped with conferences on 1918, the organizers chose to proceed a decade ahead of a round number anniversary. The project, initiated by the director of the National Museum in Pož arevac, Milorad Ð ord¯evic´, and organized by members of the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Belgrade, Nikola Samardž ic´, Jovan Peš alj and Jelena Mrgic´, as well as Purdue University’s Charles Ingrao, while taking the Peace of Passarowitz as its centerpiece, actually covers the larger problem of war and peace in the Balkans between 1699 and 1739.
The volume is divided into four sections. In the first section, entitled “General Outlook,” Ingrao opens the collection by arguing that the Peace of Passarowitz marked a missed opportunity to bring the majority of Serbs and Romanians into the Habsburg monarchy, which would have been advantageous to the locals and would have prevented subsequent “magnet states” from engaging in nationalist irredentism. Samardž ic´’s subsequent broad narrative survey of developments from 1699 to 1739 shows how the treaty laid the foundations for prosperity on both sides of the new border between the Habsburgs and the Ottomans and “contributed to the breakthrough of new economic and political ideas” (28) in the Balkans. Finally, in the misleadingly entitled “The Peace of Passarowitz in the Historical Sciences, 1718–1829,” Martin Peters of the Institute of History in Mainz, Germany, argues the somewhat obvious and unsurprising point that German-language historians of the Enlightenment “did not succeed in thinking of Serbia as an independent nation, as a state, or as an autonomous order” (46).
The second section of the volume, devoted to “International Relations, Diplomacy, and Warfare,” opens with an essay by Harald Heppner and Daniela Schanes of the University of Graz, which asserts that although the Peace of Passarowitz represented a signifi cant turning point in the history of the Habsburg monarchy, it has faded from the contemporary narrative of Austrian history. Egidio Ivetic of the University of Padua contends that the peace marked a new beginning for the Adriatic, in which “dominant Venetian centralism was being succeeded by Adriatic polycentrism” (67). Rhoads Murphey of the University of Birmingham shows how carefully constructed the framework of the peace talks was and concludes that its success lay less in its results than “in the discovery of the possibilities that dialogue afforded both sides” (89). Gábor Ágoston of Georgetown University, through a careful analysis of the effective rather than paper strengths of the belligerents, shows how
the balance of military power shifted decisively from the Ottomans to the Habsburgs in the early eighteenth century.
The third section is devoted to “Society, Economy, and Trade.” Enes Pelidija of the University of Sarajevo traces the demographic and administrative changes brought about in the Ottoman eyelet of Bosnia as a result of Passarowitz, while Dan D. Y. Shapira of Bar- Ilan University in Israel demonstrates that the Crimean Tatars’ security concerns at home during this period made it increasingly diffi cult to employ Crimean Tatar armies against the Habsburgs in central Europe. Coeditor Pešalj addresses the increasing concern with economic issues that marked Habsburg policy toward the Ottomans in the fi rst half of the eighteenth century and locates the Treaty of Passarowitz as the point at which a signifi cant shift in the mentality of the Habsburg political elite occurred, as it “became much more interested in political economy as an additional facet of high policy” (153). The two Turkish historians, Numan Elibol and Abdullah Mesud Küçükkalay from Eskisehir Osmangazi
University demonstrate from Turkish sources how Austrian merchants effectively exploited the free trade provisions of the Commercial Treaty, while Hrvoje Petric´ of the University of Zagreb shows how the same treaty increased the number of Ottoman merchants residing in Croatia. Vojin S. Dabic´ of the Univerity of Belgrade catalogues Habsburg successes in repopulating areas left desolated by war in Serbia and Banat, and Katarina Mitrovic´, also of Belgrade University, concludes the section by showing the Habsburg reestablishment of the Catholic diocese of Belgrade and Smederevo represented a dimension of the Viennese authorities’ attempt to integrate the newly acquired territories into the monarchy.
The final section, devoted to “Ideas, Arts, and Culture,” consists of four relatively unrelated essays. The fi rst by Jelena Mrgic´ traces the pioneer mapmaking activities in the Balkans of Luigi Ferdinando Marsigli between 1679 and 1701; the second by Ana Miloš evic´, a curator at the museum of Smederevska Palanka, Serbia, analyzes the elaborate volume produced to describe and illustrate the festive ceremonies dedicated to the exchange of the Austrian and Turkish deputations at Passarowitz; Samardž ic´’s second contribution to the volume catalogues the baroque architectural legacy left by the Habsburgs in Belgrade during the two periods of Austrian rule, 1688–1690 and 1717–1739; and Vladimir Simic´,also of Belgrade University, concludes the volume with a description of the commemorative medals struck by the Austrians to mark the peace. This is a very useful compendium because it makes the fi ndings of much southeast European scholarship on this period available in English for the fi rst time and covers ground generally treated only superfi cially in Anglo-American scholarship.
The volumeclearly transcends the limitations suggested by the title and is thus a significant contribution to our understanding of the Habsburg-Ottoman confl ict in early modern times. The collection has been excellently copyedited and proofread by English native speakers, so that with a few notable exceptions, the reader is spared the usual lexical malapropisms one frequently encounters in such linguistic migrations.
Franz A. J. Szabo
University of Alberta, Canada