Peasants versus City-Dwellers: Taxation and the Burden of Economic Development

Overview

In the early phases of economic development, there are other serious conflicts between the interests of town and country. The Corn Law Debate in England, the economic conflicts between the North and the South prior to the US Civil War, and the Soviet Industrialization Debate are among the historical examples. Most of today's countries face town versus country tensions of increasing severity, including such issues as who should pay how much in taxes, who should get how much in subsidies, and what forms the taxes ...
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Overview

In the early phases of economic development, there are other serious conflicts between the interests of town and country. The Corn Law Debate in England, the economic conflicts between the North and the South prior to the US Civil War, and the Soviet Industrialization Debate are among the historical examples. Most of today's countries face town versus country tensions of increasing severity, including such issues as who should pay how much in taxes, who should get how much in subsidies, and what forms the taxes and subsidies should take. This volume analyses these tensions and issues, taking into account the great diversity of institutions and economic environments observed in different developing countries. While dealing primarily with today's developing countries, the book also sheds some new light on some of the historical controversies. Each chapter contains a nontechnical statement of the problems at hand and a summary of the analysis. The book will be of interest to public finance economists, and practitioners and researchers of economic development, as well as to economic historians.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199253579
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 4/11/2002
  • Pages: 240
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Raaj K. Sah is Professor of Public Policy, University of Chicago. Joseph E. Stiglitz is Professor of Finance and Economics, Columbia University. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2001.

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Table of Contents

I. An Introduction to Issues and Methodology
1. Introduction
2. The Objectives and Instruments of Government Policy and the Structure of the Economy in LDCs
3. An Approach to Applied Welfare Economics
II. Inter-Sectoral Taxation Policies
4. Rural—Urban Prices in Open Economies
5. The Price Scissors in Open Economies
6. The Price Scissors in Closed and Partially Closed Socialist Economies
7. The Soviet Industrialization Debate and Collectivization
III. The Rural Sector
8. Income Distribution and Alternative Organizational Forms within the Rural Sector
9. Taxes and Subsidies on Different Goods in the Rural Sector
IV. The Urban Sector
10. The Impact of Urban Wag and Employment Determination on Taxation Policies
11. Some Aspects of the Wage-Productivity Hypothesis that are Relevant for Taxation Analysis
12. Taxes and Subsidies on Different Goods in the Urban Sector
13. Tax Policy in the Presence of Migration and Urban Unemployment
14. Taxation in the Urban Sector: Some Aspects of the Underlying Model
15. The Social Cost of Labour
16. Concluding Remarks

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