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Penal System: An Introduction / Edition 4
     

Penal System: An Introduction / Edition 4

by Mick Cavadino, James Dignan
 

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ISBN-10: 1412929466

ISBN-13: 9781412929462

Pub. Date: 10/17/2007

Publisher: Sage Publications (CA)

Now in its fifth edition, The Penal System: An Introduction remains the most complete, accessible and authoritative resource for your studies in Criminal Justice and Criminology. Fully revised and updated to account for recent changes in the Criminal Justice System, the new edition includes:

  • Expanded material on restorative justice
  • An

Overview

Now in its fifth edition, The Penal System: An Introduction remains the most complete, accessible and authoritative resource for your studies in Criminal Justice and Criminology. Fully revised and updated to account for recent changes in the Criminal Justice System, the new edition includes:

  • Expanded material on restorative justice
  • An expanded section on gender and the Criminal Justice System
  • Greater coverage of comparative issues, focussing especially on Scotland
  • An annually updated companion website, keeping you up-to-date with relevant legislation and crucial developments
  • An accessible writing style balanced against a critical and scholarly approach
  • A glossary of key terms that you'll encounter throughout your studies
  • Continued critical coverage of the deepening penal crisis, including sections on the managerial crisis and the crisis of accountability

The Penal System consolidates and builds on the successful formula of the fourth edition, bringing the text in line with the key issues facing the Criminal Justice System today. It will prove essential reading across all undergraduate levels for modules on Criminal Justice and Prisons/Punishment.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781412929462
Publisher:
Sage Publications (CA)
Publication date:
10/17/2007
Edition description:
Fourth Edition
Pages:
488
Product dimensions:
7.60(w) x 9.18(h) x 1.31(d)

Table of Contents


Preface to the fourth Edition     viii
Introduction     1
The Criminal Justice System     1
Strategies for Criminal Justice and the Penal Crisis     6
A Note on Terminology: 'System'     8
Crisis? What Crisis?     10
Is There a Crisis?     11
The Orthodox Account of the Crisis     12
Improving on the Orthodox Account     22
Responses to the Crisis     26
A Radical Pluralist Account of the Crisis     30
Justifying Punishment     35
Is Punishment Unjust?     36
Reductivism     37
Retributivism     44
Other Justifications     46
Schools of Penal Thought     50
Philosophies, Strategies and Attitudes     57
Conclusions: Punishment and Human Rights     58
Explaining Punishment     66
The Sociology of Punishment     67
The Marxist Tradition     67
The Durkheimian Tradition     76
The Weberian Tradition     79
Pluralism and Radical Pluralism     81
Applying Penal Sociology     84
Court Decisions: The Crux of the Crisis     91
The 'System'     92
The Remand Decision     93
The Mode of Trial Decision     97
The Sentencing Decision     101
A Brief, Tangled Recent History of Sentencing     112
Administering Punishment in the Community     131
Community Punishment in a Rapidly Changing Penal Landscape     132
Non-custodial Punishment and the Current Sentencing Framework     134
The Changing Modalities of Non-Custodial Punishment     139
Community Punishment: Strategic Issues     159
The Carter Reforms and their Implications for the Prabation Service     165
Shifting Patterns of Penality: Theoretical Reflections     168
Conclusion: The Future of Punishment?     178
Prisons and the Penal Crisis     191
Overview     192
The Aims and Functions of Imprisonment     193
Anatomy of the Prison System     196
Key Phases in Recent Prison Policy-Making     199
The Prison System and Its Crises     203
Prison Privatization: Panacea or Pandora's Box?     250
Meaning and Forms of Prison Privatization     251
The History of Prison Privatization in England     253
Claims and Critique: The Theoretical Debate     258
Panacea or Pandora's Box? Prison Privatization and the Penal Crisis     261
Early Release: the Penal System's Safety Valve     285
Early Release: Useful, Controversial, Troublesome     286
From Remission (The Original Safety Valve) to Automatic Early Release     288
Parole 1967-1991; From Principle to Pragmatism (and Bifurcation)     289
Early Release 1991-2003: Reform and the Threat of Near-Abolition (lifted by New Labour)     292
Early Release Today     296
Conclusion: Early Release Evaluated     304
Young Offenders: Systems Management or System Disaster?     311
Children in Trouble or Troubled Children?     312
Young People, Crime and the Penal Crisis     312
Responding to Youth Crime: Models of Youth Justice     314
New Labour: 'New Youth Justice'     321
New Youth Justice: New Institutions     323
Putting 'Prevention' Into Practice: Extending the Net of Social Control     326
Responding to Youth Crime: The Youth Justice System in Operation     329
Concluding Assessment: No More Excuses?     335
Bias in the Criminal Justice System     343
Intraductory     344
Class     345
Race     349
Gender      355
Solving the Crisis?     370
A Grim Fairy Tale     371
Responses to the Crisis, 1970-2006     371
How to Solve the Crisis     381
A Self-study Guide to Electronic Sources Available on the Internet     393
Glossary of Key Terms     399
References     414
Index     457

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