Philip Booth is editorial and program director at the Institute of Economic Affairs and a professor of insurance and risk management at Cass Business School. He worked for the Bank of England as an advisor on financial stability issues and has written widely, including a number of books, on investment, finance, social insurance, and pensions, as well as on the relationship between Catholic social teaching and economics. He is editor of economic affairs and associate editor of the Annals of Actuarial Science and the British Actuarial Journal. Oskari Juurikkala is a Research Fellow with the Institute of Economic Affairs, and CEO at Larsson & Fellows. Nick Silver is chief actuary at Parhelion Capital Limited and director of Silver Actuarial Services. He is a fellow of the Institute of Actuaries and the Institute of Economic Affairs, senior honorary visiting fellow at Cass Business School, and chairman of the actuarial profession’s Environmental Research Group. Alistair Byrne is a senior lecturer in finance at the University of Edinburgh Business School, and a fellow of the Pensions Institute at Cass Business School London.
Pension Provision: Government Failure Around the Worldby Philip Booth (Editor), Oskari Juurikkala (Editor), Nick Silver (Editor), Alistair Byrne (Foreword by)
Surveying the results of government intervention in the market for retirement income provision throughout the world, this monograph begins by looking at high-income democracies in which governments have, to a large degree, taken over the function of providing pensions. It finds that state provision crowds out private provision and places a considerable fiscal
Surveying the results of government intervention in the market for retirement income provision throughout the world, this monograph begins by looking at high-income democracies in which governments have, to a large degree, taken over the function of providing pensions. It finds that state provision crowds out private provision and places a considerable fiscal burden on developed country governments. This fiscal burden is then combined with complex regulatory systems that are imposed on the private sector and which make pensions incomprehensible. Furthermore, as the authors show, the ageing populations may make meaningful reform of government pension programs impossible, as “grey” electors flex their muscles. The authors find the same patterns in middle-income and low-income countries. State pension systems are often found hand-in-hand with a lack of security, partly because of the problems of corruption and inflation. The state frequently does its best to crowd out private initiative, but, where they are allowed to, families make provision for retirement in all sorts of ingenious ways. The authors reject the World Bank blueprint of formal, structured pension systems. They suggest instead that governments focus on ensuring that the legal and financial infrastructure exists to allow people to make proper provision for their retirement. So-called "market failure" will always ensure that the result is imperfect. But, by comparison, government failure around the world has had catastrophic effects.
- Institute of Economic Affairs
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