Pentecostalism

Overview

The Pentecostal and charismatic movements showed astonishing growth in the twentieth century so as to arrive at a total that is said to include at least 400 million people worldwide. The academic study of the Pentecostal and charismatic movement has been gaining momentum in the last few years, both as an element within contemporary religious studies and as a strand within the subject area of church history, going back to the early church. This student-friendly text is essential reading for students of Theology ...

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Overview

The Pentecostal and charismatic movements showed astonishing growth in the twentieth century so as to arrive at a total that is said to include at least 400 million people worldwide. The academic study of the Pentecostal and charismatic movement has been gaining momentum in the last few years, both as an element within contemporary religious studies and as a strand within the subject area of church history, going back to the early church. This student-friendly text is essential reading for students of Theology and Religious Studies, taking second or third year modules in Pentecostal studies. It is also of great relevance to students of sociology of religion, as well as cultural and historical studies of religion and religious movements. In addition to a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the subject, it offers useful resources such as suggestions for further reading, questions for reflection and a glossary of technical terms.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780334041443
  • Publisher: Hymns Ancient and Modern Ltd
  • Publication date: 12/28/2011
  • Pages: 386
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

William K. Kay is Director of the Centre for Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies at the University of Wales, Bangor.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgements xv

Introduction xvii

Part 1 History

1 Definitions, Numbers and Historiography 3

Introduction 3

Definitions 5

Numbers 11

Historiography 15

What sort of information is counted as evidence? 16

How do we interpret the evidence? 18

Are historians always biased? 19

In what way does one event cause another? 21

Do human beings determine the course of historical events or are economic and cultural factors decisive? 21

Within Pentecostal history, can we detect the hand of God or are we to presume everything can be explained naturally? 22

2 To the Brink of Pentecostalism 25

Doctrine 26

Society 33

Future 36

3 Countercultural Movements and Polycentric Ignition 42

Healing 44

Speaking in tongues 49

Organizations 55

Revivals 58

Korea 60

Wales 61

Los Angeles, Azusa Street 63

India 68

Summing up 72

4 Consolidation 74

Introduction 74

From revivals to denominations 74

Four examples 77

Assemblies of God in the United States 77

Apostolic Faith Mission in South Africa 80

Pentecostalism in Norway 83

Elim in Great Britain 87

Reflection 92

5 Asia 96

Introduction 96

Five Asian countries 98

Philippines 98

South Korea 99

Indonesia 101

China 102

India 105

Reflection 107

6 Latin America 111

Introduction 111

Four South American countries 114

Brazil 114

Chile 119

Colombia 123

Argentina 126

Reflection 129

7 Africa: The Cases of Ghana, Congo and Zimbabwe 132

Before Azusa Street 132

Patterns of Pentecostalism 138

Ghana 139

Congo 144

Zimbabwe 148

Reflection 151

8 Latter Rain and Religious Broadcasting 154

Consolidation and diversity 158

The healing revival 159

Summing up 166

9The Charismatic Movement 168

First phase 168

Germany, the Berlin Declaration (1909) and the Mulheim Association 172

The United States and the Free-Will Baptists 173

Willis Hoover (1856-1936) and Chilean Pentecostalism 174

Louis Dalliere (1897-1976) and French Pentecostalism 174

Second phase 175

Numbers 189

Reflection 191

10 Beyond the Charismatic Movement 194

Emergence of networks 194

Toronto blessing and millennial expectations 198

Appearance of emerging churches 200

Population flows 203

Conflict and persecution 205

Reflection 207

Part 2 Theology

11 Theology 1 213

Introduction 213

What is theology? 213

The purpose of theology 217

Pentecostal theology 220

Purposes of Pentecostal theology 223

Pentecostal theology as denominational theology: the nature of God 224

Pentecostal theology as denominational theology: speaking in tongues 228

Pentecostal theology as theology of initiation: baptism in the Spirit 231

12 Theology 2 236

Introduction 236

Aspects of Pentecostal theology 236

Pentecostal theology as evangelistic and pastoral: healing and charismatic gifts 236

Pentecostal theology as ecclesial: the nature of the church 241

Pentecostal theology as eschatological: pointing to the end of history 246

Pentecostal theology as a balance: elements in harmony and discord 250

13 Theology 3 255

Introduction 255

Academic perspectives 256

Starting points for Pentecostal theology 256

Pentecostal systematics 259

Pentecostal ecumenics 264

Pentecostals and other religions 266

Pentecostalism and Christology 268

Popular perspectives 270

Prosperity spirituality 270

Spiritual warfare 273

Patt 3 Sociology

14 Sociology 1 281

Introduction 281

What is sociology? 281

Sociology of religion 282

Sociology of Pentecostalism 288

Sects, denominations or churches? 288

Further adaptation 291

Resisting secularization in the charismatic movement and the third wave 291

Resisting secularization with cells 293

Resisting secularization with megachurches and politics 294

15 Sociology 2 296

Introduction 296

Rational Choice Theory 296

Sociological explanation 297

Practical theology 298

Seven areas of Pentecostalism 299

Education 299

Women 300

Social concern 302

Democratic/undemocratic governance 303

Race 305

Church growth 307

Networks 308

Conclusion 309

Time Line of Events of the Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements in Britain and USA 311

Bibliography 327

Index 345

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