Peony: A Novel of China
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Peony: A Novel of China

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by Pearl S. Buck, Kirsten Potter

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Young Peony is sold into a rich Chinese household as a bondmaid - an awkward role in which she is more a servant, but less a daughter. As she grows into a lovely, provocative young woman, Peony falls in love with the family's only son. However, tradition forbids them to wed. How she resolves her love for him and her devotion to her adoptive family unfolds in this


Young Peony is sold into a rich Chinese household as a bondmaid - an awkward role in which she is more a servant, but less a daughter. As she grows into a lovely, provocative young woman, Peony falls in love with the family's only son. However, tradition forbids them to wed. How she resolves her love for him and her devotion to her adoptive family unfolds in this profound tale, based on true events in China over a century ago.

Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"Peony has the vividness of scene and episode and character and the colorful detail that Pearl Buck's readers have come to expect of her novels in China."
-New York Herald Tribune

"There is great simplicity in the telling of this tale. Perhaps it is expected, but it is nonetheless splendid."
-Saturday Review of Literature

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Oasis Audio
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6.40(w) x 5.50(h) x 1.10(d)

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By Pearl S. Buck


Copyright © 1948 Janice C. Walsh, Richard S. Walsh, John S. Walsh, Mrs. Henrietta C. Walsh, Mrs. Chico C. Singer, Edgar S. Walsh, Mrs. Jean C. Lippincott, and Carol Buck
All rights reserved.
ISBN: 978-1-4532-6353-2


It was spring in the city of K'aifeng, a late spring in the northern Chinese province of Honan. Behind the high city walls the peach trees, planted in courtyards, bloomed earlier than they did upon the farms spreading over the level plains around the moat. Yet even in such shelter the peach blossoms were still only rosy buds at Passover.

Within the courts of the house of Ezra ben Israel the peach blossoms had been cut several days early and had been forced to bloom in time for the feast. Each spring Peony, the Chinese bondmaid, made it her task to provide thus for the branches of flowers that stood against the walls of the great hall. Each year Ezra, her master, and Madame Ezra, her mistress, took notice of what she had done. Knowing how cold the spring had been this year and how long the dusty northwest winds had blown upon the city, they had given her special praise when they entered the great hall this night for the feast.

"See what magic our little Peony has wrought this Passover," Ezra had said, his plump hand gesturing toward the flowers.

Madame Ezra had paused to admire. Her impetuous look grew kind. "Very pretty, my child," she had said to Peony.

Peony had remained properly silent, her small hands folded above her flowing sleeves. David's eyes she met and avoided as he smiled, but Leah's warm smile she accepted, answering it with a small quiver of her lips. The old rabbi had given no sign. He was blind and so he saw nothing. As for Aaron, his son, Peony did not look at him.

They took their seats at the ample round table that had been placed in the middle of the hall, and Peony began to direct the serving of the food in her noiseless graceful fashion. Four menservants obeyed her, and Wang Ma, the elder woman servant, poured the tea.

As long as she could remember, Peony had watched this evening feast in early spring in the house of Ezra. She had directed the placing of every dish and utensil upon the table and the servants had obeyed her because she knew, as well as though she had been a daughter in the house, exactly where each dish was to be found and each placed. The dishes were kept the year round, unused except for this night before Passover. The silver spoons and chopsticks, the great seven-branched candlesticks, all were shining in the light of the lanterns hung from the high red beams. Upon a vast silver tray she herself had placed the symbols she did not understand, but which each year she prepared, a roasted egg, bitter herbs, apples, nuts, and wine. They were curiosities of a foreign religion.

But the whole day was a strange one in this unheeding Chinese city. Although Peony knew the rites well, each spring she wondered at them again. The search through the house for bits of leavened bread! Ezra, the master, had made the search this morning as he always did, laughing as he went carelessly from spot to spot, and asking her if that were all. Madame Ezra used always to hide the bits of leavened bread for him to find, but now for several years she had let Peony do it, and Ezra had commanded her to count the bits so that he would know when he was finished. He made a joke of it, as though he were somewhat ashamed before the servants. When Peony and David were children, they had laughed immoderately at the search and had joined in it with merriment, pointing out each crumb of the forbidden bread. But then she had not known that she was only a bondmaid.

Now she knew. She stood quietly watchful, as the feast proceeded. Each person at the table was known to her in some fashion. David she knew best. For David's sake she had been bought in a year of famine, when the Yellow River had burst its dikes and had swept over the low-lying land. She had been too young to remember that sale of herself. Try as she might, she could remember no face before David's face. He was her first memory, a gay boy, two years older than she, always much taller, much stronger, so that instinctively she turned to him and depended upon him. In those days she had told him all her little thoughts and sorrows, and it had been a habit hard to break. Yet her own wisdom had taught her that it must be broken. It was not sensible to think that the bond between two children could continue beyond childhood, not when one was master and the other bondmaid.

She did not repine, knowing herself fortunate in this kindly Jewish household. Ezra ben Israel, the head of the house, was a cheerful, stout-bodied merchant. Did he cut his full beard, Peony often thought, he would have looked Chinese, for he had had a Chinese mother. This was a grief to Madame Ezra, and so none spoke of it. She took comfort in the knowledge that David, her son, looked like her rather than his father, and she was fond of declaring, indeed, that David was most like her own father, for whom she had named him. All the house feared Madame Ezra not a little, even while each depended upon her for some private good, for her great kindness was likely to be undone at any moment by a sudden temper. She was a woman nearing fifty years of age, tall and large, handsome if one did not dislike a high nose and bright color. With all her warmth, she had also certain rigidities of belief and habit that could not be shaken. Thus, as usual on the Passover feast, Madame Ezra had invited the Rabbi and his two children, Aaron and Leah. Aaron was a pale secretive youth of seventeen, whom Peony despised for his pale splotched face and his corruption. Whether his family or Ezra's house knew of his evil deeds she did not know, and it was beneath her to inquire. Perhaps none of the Seven Surnames and Eight Families, as the Jews were called in K'aifeng, knew all that the Rabbi's son did, and the Chinese were too kind to tell them.

Leah was different. Leah was good, one of those rare creatures born beautiful and good together. From her waiting place near the table Peony watched Leah with a sad pleasure that she would not allow to become envy. Tonight in her wine-red robe girdled at the waist with a gold band, Leah was wholly beautiful, except perhaps that she was too tall. The Chinese did not like tall women. Yet against this defect, Leah had a cream-pale skin and large dark eyes glowing between long curled lashes, and her lips were red and full. The nose, again, was too high for Chinese beauty, although it was not large as Madame Ezra's was.

Leah was more than beautiful. She was filled with some spirit, a high quality, which Peony admired and did not understand. The Chinese said of her, "She is heaven-good." They meant that her goodness was natural and that it flowed from a fountain within herself. As she sat beside her father, quick to help him when he moved his head, she illuminated the feast with joy, even though she seldom spoke.

Something of this, perhaps, came from her father, the Rabbi. A man of great height and spare frame, he was clothed with saintliness as with a robe of light. Years ago he had caught a disease of the eyes from which many Chinese suffered, and since no cure was known, he had become blind. Being foreign, he had no immunity, and upon him blindness fell quickly. He had not seen his dead wife's face after she was thirty years of age, and Leah and Aaron he had seen only as little children. Whether, not able to see these human faces, he was compelled to look only upon the face of God, or whether from his natural goodness, he appeared now to be all spirit and no more flesh. His hair, which had grown white soon after he became blind, framed his white and beautiful face. Above his long white beard his high nose and sunken eyes were proud and calm.

Thus they sat at the feast table and Peony saw every movement and smile. She saw David look at Leah across the table and look away again, and she repressed the pang this gave her. He was Leah's equal in height, and Peony thought him even more beautiful. At nineteen David ben Ezra was nearing the fullness of his young manhood. His Jewish garments became him; this Peony had to admit, although she did not like them because they made him strange to her. On usual days he wore Chinese robes because he said they were more comfortable. But tonight he wore a blue and gold robe, and on his head his blue silk Jewish cap pressed down his dark short curls. She could not keep from looking at him, and then he caught her eyes and smiled at her. Instantly she bowed her head, and turned away to bid Old Wang, the eldest manservant, to fetch the Passover wine jug.

"Take it to the Master," she directed.

"I know," he hissed. "You need not tell me after all these years. You are as bad as my old woman!"

As he spoke Wang Ma, his wife, came in with more servants, bearing basins and pitchers of water, and towels ready for the ceremony of hand washing. But Ezra, instead of blessing the wine, rose from the heaped cushions of his chair and filled the Rabbi's glass.

"Bless the wine for us, Father," he said.

The Rabbi rose and lifted his glass and blessed the wine, and they all rose and drank. When they were seated again Wang Ma led the servants and they poured water into the silver basins, and each person at the table washed and dried his hands. Then each took a bitter herb and dipped it in the salt and ate it.

It was all familiar to the Chinese servants and yet always strange. They stood about the room, silent, their dark eyes watching in fascination and wonder and respect. Under their gaze Ezra was not wholly at ease as he proceeded with the rites.

"David, my son, Leah is younger than you, and she will ask the four questions this time," he said.

And Leah, blushing a little, said the questions four times in her deep and sweet voice, which still was somehow childlike.

"Wherein is this night different from other nights?"

Four times she asked and four times the answers came from those about the table, the Rabbi's great solemn voice louder than any:

"On all other nights we may eat leavened bread but on this night only unleavened.

"On all other nights we may eat other kinds of herbs but on this night only bitter herbs.

"On all other nights we need not dip an herb even once, but on this night we do so twice.

"On all other nights we eat sitting upright, but on this night we may recline."

When the four questions had been asked and answered, Ezra said, "Tell us the story now from Haggadah, Father."

But here Madame Ezra spoke with reproach. "Oh, Ezra, it is you, the father of our family, who should tell the story! I do believe you have forgotten it, for every year you will not tell it. If only you read Hebrew you could read it to us."

"I would not dare, in the presence of the Rabbi," Ezra said, laughing.

So the old rabbi told the ancient story of how once their people were bondmen in a foreign land and how one of them named Moses rose up to set them free, and how he bade his people bake bread quickly without leaven and kill a lamb and mark their doorposts with its blood, and how after many plagues the last plague came upon their rulers so that the first-born son in every family died, and at last the king of that country bade them go. Thus forever each year this day was their festival of freedom.

"Until," the Rabbi said, lifting his head high, "until we return to the land that belongs to us, our own land!"

"May it be soon!" Madame Ezra cried and wiped her eyes.

"May it be soon," Leah said gravely.

But Ezra and David were silent.

Four times during the long story Peony had motioned to the servants to pour wine, and four times all drank in memory of what she did not know, but she knew the wine must be poured. The very meaning of the word "Jew" Peony did not know, nor did any Chinese know, beyond the fact that these foreigners, who prospered so well in the rich city, had come long ago from a far country, Judea, or as it was called, the Country of the Jews. Through Persia and India they had come by sea and land to China. At many times in history, in one generation after another, they had come as merchants and traders in a small steady human stream. But every now and again they came in a sudden crowd of some hundreds at a time, bringing their families and priests with them. So had Ezra's own ancestors come, scores of years ago, one of seventy families, through India, and bringing with them bolts of cotton goods, which was treasure to the Chinese, who only knew the making of silk. This gift, presented to the emperor of that early dynasty, had won them favor, and upon them he bestowed the Chinese family name of Chao, by which surname Ezra was known to this day in the city of K'aifeng.

The Chinese in the city viewed these modest invasions with tolerant eyes. They were a clever people, these Jews, full of energy and wit, and often a Chinese, indolent with years of good living, employed a Jew to manage his business. Almost as often he gave a second or third daughter to the Jew for his wife, but the Jews never gave their daughters in return.

"Quick, you turnip!" Wang Ma now whispered to Old Wang as the Rabbi sat down. "Fetch the eggs!"

Wang Ma had been a bondmaid, too, in this house, and even as Peony now watched, so had she in the days when she was young and pretty. Too kind, too old now to be envious of Peony, yet sometimes she stepped forward before the family.

Old Wang ran to the door and shouted and two servants came in with bowls of eggs boiled hard in salt water and peeled. Each one at the table took an egg, and in silence they ate.

"Signifying our tears and our hope," the old Rabbi murmured, and his deep voice echoed about the table.

When the eggs were eaten Ezra clapped his hands. "Now, now," he called, "let us have the feast!"

Wang Ma and Old Wang had gone out during the eating of the eggs and the other servants with them, and at this moment they pulled back the curtains and a procession of servants came in bearing dishes of all kinds of fish and fowl and meat, except pork, and set them upon the table in a wide circle. Taking up his chopsticks, Ezra waved them and urged all to begin, and he himself placed upon the bowls of the Rabbi and Leah those tidbits that he thought most delicious.

So all ate and Ezra ate and drank until the veins stood out red on his neck, the whole time talking and merry and pressing food on everyone. Of all of them, only Aaron sat silent and pale. Yet he ate voraciously and quickly, as though he had not for a long time had enough, and Leah looked at him reproachfully for his greediness, but he did not heed her. Once, catching her eyes, he made a sullen face at her, and this David saw with indignation, but he said nothing. He searched with his chopsticks and found a tender bit of flesh on his own plate, and he put it on Leah's plate for her. This Peony saw.

The feast went on its usual course. Ezra grew merry as he ate and drank, and even Madame Ezra laughed at his jokes and nonsense. The Rabbi smiled his dim high smile and Aaron snickered and David threw back joke for joke and Leah laughed with joy, until David began to crack his jokes only to make her laugh the more, while his parents admired him. This Peony saw.

She made no sign. A sweet fixed smile was set upon her lips and she busied herself, dismissing the servants at last. Alone she kept the wine cups filled and replenished the sweetmeats until the feast was over and the guests gone. Then she ran ahead and made ready David's bed, turning down the silken quilts and loosening the embroidered curtains from the heavy silver hooks. But she did not stay to greet him. She went away to her own room, and upon her narrow bed she lay long awake, remembering David's face as he had turned to Leah, and remembering, she could not sleep.

The next morning Peony woke early, and there upon her eyelids was still the memory of David's face when he had looked at Leah the night before. How foolish I am! she thought restlessly. She rose and washed and dressed herself and braided her hair freshly, and having made her room neat for the day she went into the peach-tree garden. It lay in the silence of the spring morning. Under the early sun the dew still hung in a bright mist on the grass, and the pool in the center of the garden was brimming its stone walls. The water was clear and the fish were flashing their golden sides near the surface.

The great low-built house that surrounded the garden was still in sleep. Birds twittered in the eaves undisturbed and a small Pekingese dog slept on the threshold like a small lioness. She had lifted her head alertly at the sound of a sliding panel, and when she saw Peony, she got up and moved with majesty toward her mistress, waiting in the path until Peony stooped and touched her head with delicate fingers.


Excerpted from Peony by Pearl S. Buck. Copyright © 1948 Janice C. Walsh, Richard S. Walsh, John S. Walsh, Mrs. Henrietta C. Walsh, Mrs. Chico C. Singer, Edgar S. Walsh, Mrs. Jean C. Lippincott, and Carol Buck. Excerpted by permission of OPEN ROAD INTEGRATED MEDIA.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

Meet the Author

Pearl S. Buck recreated the lives of ordinary Chinese people in The Good Earth, an overnight worldwide best-seller in 1932, later a blockbuster movie. Buck went on to become the first American woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature. Long before anyone else, she foresaw China’s future as a superpower, and she recognized the crucial importance for both countries of China’s building a relationship with the United States. As a teenager she had witnessed the first stirrings of Chinese revolution, and as a young woman she narrowly escaped being killed in the deadly struggle between Chinese Nationalists and the newly formed Communist Party.

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Peony: A Novel of China 4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 16 reviews.
LaughingMagpie More than 1 year ago
If you enjoy reading Lisa See and Amy Tan novels, then consider reading this one. Worth reading at least once. I found it entertaining and the story's centering around the Jews living in China was refreshing.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Buck writes simply and clearly. As a historical novel Peony is weak because it isnt set in just one period. The background events actually cover more than the lifetime of one person. Also, Buck's knowledge of Judaism is weak so she has the Jewish characters talking about Jehovah (Jews traditionally do not name their God, but speak of him as The Lord, or G-d. However if they were to use a name it would not be Jehovah.) and comfortable with consuming food made from blood though they avoid pork. It is unlikely that the prohibition against consuming blood would fade sooner than the prohibition against pork. However, if you aren't looking for historical or cultural accuracy/plausibility, it is a good read. Bucks novels are still exotic, and the characters are vivid even when stereotypes.
Bandit29 More than 1 year ago
Until I read this novel, I was unaware of the community of Jews in China. It showed the people of China to be far more accepting of differences in religion and culture than many other societies. The story of David and Peony ties the lives of these different cultures together.
onadvidreader More than 1 year ago
I forgot what a great writer she was. Enjoyed the story with its historical facts.
TalleyRoss More than 1 year ago
If someone had described this book to me for what it really is, I probably would have never picked it up. I was sucked in by the back cover, promising me a romance between the son of a well respected family and a bond servant. Peony was so much more than that. It is true that part of the story is about Peony, the little bond servant, and her young master, David. But another part of the story is about China. And another part about the persecution and destruction of Jews throughout the world. It is about tradition and fitting in. It is about the value of personal beliefs and culture. It is a story about the importance of generations, both past, present, and future. Written in 1948, this novel would not be a page turner, and yet it kept my interest and had me thinking about it throughout my day. It doesn't have all the trappings of modern literature. There is no catchy opening line. Nothing sensational happens in the first page or even the first chapter. Instead it is the story of a family caught between the country they live in and the the belief system that is strange and misunderstood by their neighbors. The writing is style is subtle, but still evokes deep interest in the characters and the trials they face. There are surprising moments and moments so full of true and lasting love that they will bring a tear to your eye. This is the kind of book you pick up for a book club, because there is so much about life portrayed in the novel that it could lead to hours of discussion. Well done. 4.5
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Usually I go directly to mystery but thought I would take a break. So glad I did.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Really enjoyed this book. Learned many ancient customs that I wasn't aware of.
OKP More than 1 year ago
Love it.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Kaylee took my nook.)) "Hey."
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
read several of her other books and was looking forward to reading this bood. Was very disappointing. I kept reading this book thinking it was going to get better and when I finally finished it I thought to myself what a wasted read.
PC-Fan More than 1 year ago
This book told a story that was had great depth and insight into the characters of both the Jews and the Chinese. Enjoyed this book very much.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
My name is a silver looking tom with white stripes and emerald green eyes and very handsome.creative smart and unselfish.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
(It phoenix) Sits at the clan edge being sure to remain in the bushes. Sniffs at the clan smelling of fish and mice. Her stomach growled at the scent. She stared at her ribs. <p> "Quiet; they might hear you!" She said recalling the last time she was discovered. "Ok, but shush!" <p> She looked around. An old dead mouse layed near. "Yuck! Crowfood, looks like no warrior feast today!" She growled swallowing the dirty meal. <p> She licked at a new wound, a cut from her last discovery. "Fox-brains." She cursed at them. She stayed low. This camp was nothing like the hole she had made her den in! "I wish i had a clan..." she said recalling her selfsupporting life. "Maye i could watch and some warriors might fight! I could learn to hunt and have a real meal!" She squealed with glee. If she were in a clan she would have been made an apprentice a whole moon ago! But being abandon at three moons had left her in the dust. She sat watching. ~Starving Wolfkit
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Yes you may! P.s. can one of you go on warrior 1 resolt im lockt out of all 3 but the one i posted at im not lockt out of and one of you please welcome any one exept killers if thar are killers report to scd please becus im going to my grandmothers house for a few days starting today so every weekend silverwind ( sorry if i miss spelled it ) will take over for me. XOXPeonixstarXOX