People of God: The History of Catholic Christianity

Overview


The history of Catholicism is the history of Christian faith. Anthony E. Gilles traces its development—from its beginnings in hushed gatherings within the Roman Empire to its current size and influence—in an accessible and enjoyable style. A revised and updated compilation of the history volumes from his best-selling People of God series, this book will help you understand how the Church developed in relation to, or in rebellion against, the larger culture. It details centuries of crucial turning points from the...
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Overview


The history of Catholicism is the history of Christian faith. Anthony E. Gilles traces its development—from its beginnings in hushed gatherings within the Roman Empire to its current size and influence—in an accessible and enjoyable style. A revised and updated compilation of the history volumes from his best-selling People of God series, this book will help you understand how the Church developed in relation to, or in rebellion against, the larger culture. It details centuries of crucial turning points from the development of apostolic succession to the implementation of the reforms of Vatican II. Complete with maps, timelines and special "focus" sections on important events and issues, this valuable resource belongs in the collection of every student of Church history.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

ANTHONY E. GILLES lives with his wife in Atlanta, Georgia, where he regularly speaks at parishes and lectures in diaconate formation programs on Scripture and church history. He has taught history at Rutgers and the classics of Greek and Roman antiquity at the University of Tennessee. He has written eleven books and over five hundred articles on history, philosophy and religion.

The history of Catholicism is the history of Christian faith. Anthony E. Gilles traces its development—from its beginnings in hushed gatherings within the Roman Empire to its current size and influence—in an accessible and enjoyable style. A revised and updated compilation of the history volumes from his best-selling People of God series, this book will help you understand how the Church developed in relation to, or in rebellion against, the larger culture. It details centuries of crucial turning points from the development of apostolic succession to the implementation of the reforms of Vatican II. Complete with maps, timelines and special "focus" sections on important events and issues, this valuable resource belongs in the collection of every student of Church history.

Catholic Library Association
Overall, an excellent introduction to Catholic Church history, even for the believer. It is highly recommended for group study. The author succeeds in what he has attempted and is thus to be highly commended.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780867163636
  • Publisher: Franciscan Media
  • Publication date: 10/28/1999
  • Pages: 251
  • Sales rank: 422,534
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.53 (d)

Meet the Author


ANTHONY E. GILLES lives with his wife in Atlanta, Georgia, where he regularly speaks at parishes and lectures in diaconate formation programs on Scripture and church history. He has taught history at Rutgers and the classics of Greek and Roman antiquity at the University of Tennessee. He has written eleven books and over five hundred articles on history, philosophy and religion.
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Table of Contents

Preface ix
Chapter 1 Introducing the Early Church
Church Authority After the Apostles 1
What Does 'Church' Mean to You? 2
Christian Identity: The Church's Self-image 3
The Age of Persecution 4
Why the Church Survived and Flourished 5
An Emperor Becomes Christian 6
How Constantine's Conversion Affected Church Authority 6
Other Changes in the Church After Constantine's Conversion 7
Focus 1 The Early Church: Where Geography Made History 8
Focus 2 When Did the Roman Catholic Church Begin? 10
Chapter 2 The Early Church Defines Orthodox Christianity
Religious Education Questions in the Early Church 12
Gnosticism: The Church Confronts Heresy 13
Arianism and the Council of Nicea 13
Enter the Holy Spirit 14
The Council of Constantinople 15
Another Controversy: 'Mother of God' or 'Mother of Jesus' 15
The Council of Chalcedon 16
Focus 3 Philosophy in the Service of Faith: 'Homoousios' 17
Focus 4 The Power Behind the Councils: The Role of the Holy Spirit in Formulating Doctrine 18
Chapter 3 The Fall of Rome and the Rise of the Western Church
The Western Church During the Age of Barbarian Invasion 21
New Challenges in an Age of Chaos 22
The Church as Preserver of Order and Stability 23
Ambrose: A Bishop Provides Social Order and Stability 23
The Continuing Development of Papal Authority 24
Working Out a Theory of Papal Primacy 25
Focus 5 Trouble for the Future: The Origins of the Donatist Controversy 26
Focus 6 The Early Church's Most Famous 'Character' Gives Christianity the Bible: Saint Jerome and the Vulgate 27
Chapter 4 Concluding the Age of the Church Fathers
Pelagius's Challenge: Grace Versus Free Will 31
Ordinary Catholic Life in the Age of Augustine 32
Devotion to Mary and the Saints 34
Monasticism: The Laity Starts a Movement 34
Leaving the Era of the Fathers: A Church in Transition 35
Focus 7 Leaving the Age of the Fathers--and Mothers--of the Early Church 37
Focus 8 Are We Pelagian Today, Years After the Early Church Condemned Pelagianism? 38
Chapter 5 Papacy and Empire Vie for Control of the Church
Enter the Franks 40
Who Controls the Church--King or Pope? 41
Charlemagne: A New Constantine Tries to Control the Church 42
The Church 'Goes to the Dogs' (The First Time) 42
Lay Investiture 43
The Dog Dies (The First Time) 44
Phase One: Cluny 44
The Origins of Priestly Celibacy 45
The Cardinals 45
Phase Two: The Gregorian Reform 46
The Tide Turns in Favor of the Popes 47
Focus 9 The Catholic World in Charlemagne's Day: Who Were Our Ancestors in the Faith? 48
Focus 10 A Day in the Life of an Average Parish Priest, About A.D. 1000 50
Chapter 6 Catholics, Byzantines and Muslims
Constantinople: The Splendor of the Christian World 53
Islam: A New Faith Comes to Birth in the East 55
Internal Affairs in Byzantium 55
The Iconoclast Controversy: What Role Do Images Play in Practicing the Faith? 56
The Byzantines Quarrel With the Roman Catholic Church 58
Differences in Everyday Piety From East to West 58
Schism: Two Churches Instead of One 59
Focus 11 Muslims Versus Christians: Overcoming False Stereotypes 60
Focus 12 The Filioque Controversy: Proceeding Versus Sending 61
Chapter 7 The Vanishing Dream of Catholic Christendom
The Concept of 'Christendom' 64
Pope Innocent III: A Powerful King in the Papal Office 64
The Crusades 65
The Crusades' Effect on the Church's Self-image 66
The Laity's Impulse Toward Gospel Simplicity Sometimes Leads to Extremism 67
Francis and Dominic 68
Pope Boniface VIII: The Church Blunders Its Way Back Into Domination by the State 68
Focus 13 The Soul of an Age: Saint Francis of Assisi 70
Focus 14 Your 'Day in Court' Before the Inquisition 71
Chapter 8 The Church's Intellectual Life
Christian Learning in Charlemagne's Empire 73
Scholasticism: Scholarship in the Service of Faith 74
Universities and the Rise of Nonreligious Learning 75
Faith 'Versus' Reason, or Faith 'In Harmony With' Reason? 76
'Realism' Versus 'Nominalism' 77
University Scholars Seek Church Reform 78
Focus 15 Doctors of the Church 79
Focus 16 Anselm's 'Ontological Proof' for the Existence of God 80
Chapter 9 Everyday Life in the Catholic Middle Ages
Life Structured as a Pyramid 82
Spirituality: Experiencing Doctrine in the Heart 82
Becoming Feminine Before God 83
Daily Life in Parish and Diocese 84
Hell and Purgatory 86
An Age of Contradiction 87
Focus 17 The Age of the Feminine 88
Focus 18 Did the Catholic Church Hide the Bible From Believers in the Middle Ages? 89
Chapter 10 The End of the Catholic Middle Ages
The 'Babylonian Captivity' of the Papacy 92
New Concepts of Church Government 93
The Western Schism: Not One Pope, But Two, Then Three 93
The Conciliar Movement: An Aborted Attempt at Reform 94
Living the Gospel in a Time of Chaos and Disruption 95
The Black Death 95
Social Unrest and Revolt 96
The Hundred Years' War 96
A Saint Dies, an Epoch Dies 97
Focus 19 'Whatever Happened to the Byzantine Church?' 98
Focus 20 The Catholic Church's 'Report Card' on the Eve of the Protestant Reformation 99
Chapter 11 Entering the Age of Reformation
A Brief Story to Set the Mood 101
Fact or Fiction? 104
Change in the Air 105
Europe the Tinderbox 106
Focus 21 Martin Luther and Pope Leo X: A Study in Contrasts 107
Focus 22 Was the Catholic Church Really 'All That Corrupt' on the Eve of the Reformation? 108
Chapter 12 The Reformation: Protestant Phase One
'Here I Stand' 111
The Road to Worms 113
St. Peter's Basilica and the Controversy Over Indulgences 113
Luther's Theology 115
Luther: Champion of Freedom 117
Focus 23 Luther the Man: A Life Marked by Inconsistency 118
Focus 24 'Protestants' Versus Catholics 119
Chapter 13 The Reformation: Protestant Phase Two
Radical Reform Efforts: The 'Left Wing' 121
Religion or Power? 122
Calvin's Theocracy 122
Henry VIII and Anglicanism 124
'Paris Is Worth a Mass' 126
Focus 25 Thomas More: Saint, Rebel or Patriot? 128
Focus 26 Healing the Breach: A First Step Toward Resolving the Theological Question That Underlies the Protestant-Catholic Split 129
Chapter 14 The Reformation: The Catholic Phase
Catholic Reform Before Luther 131
Catholicism Responds to the Protestant Reformation 132
The Council of Trent 133
The Jesuits: Putting Trent's Decrees Into Action 135
Healthy Reform--and Reform to an Excess--Under Pope Paul IV 136
Toward the Age of Religious Intolerance 137
Focus 27 Moving From the Council of Trent to Vatican II 138
Focus 28 Teresa of Avila: A Woman Contributes to Church Reform 139
Chapter 15 The Reformation: Its Bleak Aftermath
Not Such Strange Bedfellows 141
A Hatred-filled Continent 141
England: Puritans Versus Anglicans Versus Catholics 142
France: 'One King, One Law, One Faith' 143
Germany in Shambles 146
The Secular Age Is Born 147
Focus 29 Have American Catholics Sometimes Been More Jansenist Than Christian? 148
Focus 30 A Look at the Philosophes' Gospel: Enter the Modern Age 149
Chapter 16 The Church in the New World
Catholic or European? 151
Rome and the Age of Revolution 153
Catholicism in America: A Struggle for Respectability 155
Anti-Catholic Sentiment in America 155
Anti-Catholicism After Independence 156
Toward Respectability on the Home Front 157
Focus 31 The Spanish in America: Revising the Way We Understand American History 158
Focus 32 An American Catholic Hall of Fame--The 'Top Twenty-Five' 159
Chapter 17 The Church Reacts to The Modern World
Pius IX--'Pio No-No'--as Pope 161
The Fortress Mentality and the American Church 165
Focus 33 Isaac Hecker: A Catholic Ahead of His Times 167
Focus 34 The Sisters in America: How Could There Have Been a Church Without Them? 168
Chapter 18 The Path of Protestantism
After Luther and Calvin 169
John Wesley and Methodism 172
Protestantism in America 173
The Great Awakening 174
Focus 35 American Christians and Slavery 176
Focus 36 New Churches and New Religions in America 177
Chapter 19 The Age of Vatican II
A 'Thaw' Begins 179
Popes Who Looked Ahead 179
Protestant Innovators 181
The Second Vatican Council 183
The Road Ahead 185
Focus 37 Pierre de Chardin: Was He an Unseen Presence at Vatican II? 186
Focus 38 Vatican II's Challenge: 'Church, Grow Up!' 187
Chapter 20 The Post-Vatican II Church
The Call for Social Justice 190
Sharing Church Authority 191
Implications for the Future 195
Focus 39 Two Catholics Who Caught the Spirit of Vatican II 196
Focus 40 Summing Up: The 'Big Events' of Church History 197
Chapter 21 Visions and Boundaries
Visionaries and Boundary-setters 200
Equality in the Life of the Church 201
Before We Close, a Word of Caution 207
Timeline 209
Glossary 229
Index 235
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  • Anonymous

    Posted October 26, 2009

    Catholic Church Formation Through the ages.

    A Cardinal from Boston once was quoted as saying " The clergy have been trying to destroy this church for years. Thank God they havent succeeded."
    The church was founded by Christ for common men (and women). This is a chronicle of how human some of its members have been And yet - the church survives. Because of its Divine origin??

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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