The Perfection of Solitude: Hermits and Monks in the Crusader States

Overview

Crusaders were not the only Europeans drawn to the Holy Land during the twelfth century. Many lay people and followers of religious orders made pilgrimages to the East to visit the holy sites, and many felt compelled to stay there, settling as monks or hermits in established monasteries or founding hermitages of their own. So widespread was the exodus that Bernard of Clairvaux spoke out against Cistercian monks who were "deserting the flock." The Perfection of Solitude is the first comprehensive study of the ...
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Overview

Crusaders were not the only Europeans drawn to the Holy Land during the twelfth century. Many lay people and followers of religious orders made pilgrimages to the East to visit the holy sites, and many felt compelled to stay there, settling as monks or hermits in established monasteries or founding hermitages of their own. So widespread was the exodus that Bernard of Clairvaux spoke out against Cistercian monks who were "deserting the flock." The Perfection of Solitude is the first comprehensive study of the Latin monastic presence in the Holy Land at this time. Andrew Jotischky looks at the reasons why Latin monks were drawn to the Holy Land (building upon the work of historical geographer J. K. Wright) and what happened after they arrived there. Since very little is known about the history of western monastic settlement in the Holy Land, this book navigates mostly uncharted territory. Jotischky makes use of the recently discovered, but little exploited, writings of Gerard of Nazareth, whose collection of brief lives of twelfth-century Frankish hermits sheds new light on the nature of the Latin Church in the Crusader States. Jotischky's most important conclusions are that solitary and communal monastic practices overlapped each other in the East and that this was due in part to the influence of Eastern practice which was less structured than its counterpart in Europe.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

“This book is a very fascinating study that illuminates an almost forgotten aspect of monastic history and spirituality.”

—Cyprian Davis, O.S.B., Book Reviews

From the Publisher

“This book is a very fascinating study that illuminates an almost forgotten aspect of monastic history and spirituality.”

—Cyprian Davis, O.S.B., Book Reviews

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780271028316
  • Publisher: Penn State University Press
  • Publication date: 8/26/2008
  • Pages: 216
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Andrew Jotischky is College Lecturer in History at St. John's College, Oxford.

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Preface
Abbreviations
Introduction: Monks and Jerusalem 1
1 Gerard of Nazareth and Western Hermits of the Crusader States 17
2 The Character of Latin Monasticism in the Crusader States 47
3 Orthodox Monks and Monasticism in the Holy Land 65
4 The Origins of Monasticism on Mount Carmel 101
5 The Early Carmelites 119
6 The Development of the Carmelite Order in the Latin East 139
7 The Geography of Holiness 153
Conclusion 175
Selected Bibliography 181
Index 191
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