The Periodic Table: Its Story and Its Significance / Edition 1

The Periodic Table: Its Story and Its Significance / Edition 1

by Eric R. Scerri
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195305736

ISBN-13: 9780195305739

Pub. Date: 10/12/2006

Publisher: Oxford University Press

The periodic table is one of the most potent icons in science. It lies at the core of chemistry and embodies the most fundamental principles of the field. The one definitive text on the development of the periodic table by van Spronsen (1969), has been out of print for a considerable time. The present book provides a successor to van Spronsen, but goes further in

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Overview

The periodic table is one of the most potent icons in science. It lies at the core of chemistry and embodies the most fundamental principles of the field. The one definitive text on the development of the periodic table by van Spronsen (1969), has been out of print for a considerable time. The present book provides a successor to van Spronsen, but goes further in giving an evaluation of the extent to which modern physics has, or has not, explained the periodic system. The book is written in a lively style to appeal to experts and interested lay-persons alike.

The Periodic Table begins with an overview of the importance of the periodic table and of the elements and it examines the manner in which the term 'element' has been interpreted by chemists and philosophers. The book then turns to a systematic account of the early developments that led to the classification of the elements including the work of Lavoisier, Boyle and Dalton and Cannizzaro. The precursors to the periodic system, like Döbereiner and Gmelin, are discussed. In chapter 3 the discovery of the periodic system by six independent scientists is examined in detail.

Two chapters are devoted to the discoveries of Mendeleev, the leading discoverer, including his predictions of new elements and his accommodation of already existing elements. Chapters 6 and 7 consider the impact of physics including the discoveries of radioactivity and isotopy and successive theories of the electron including Bohr's quantum theoretical approach. Chapter 8 discusses the response to the new physical theories by chemists such as Lewis and Bury who were able to draw on detailed chemical knowledge to correct some of the early electronic configurations published by Bohr and others.

Chapter 9 provides a critical analysis of the extent to which modern quantum mechanics is, or is not, able to explain the periodic system from first principles. Finally, chapter 10 considers the way that the elements evolved following the Big Bang and in the interior of stars. The book closes with an examination of further chemical aspects including lesser known trends within the periodic system such as the knight's move relationship and secondary periodicity, as well at attempts to explain such trends.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195305739
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
10/12/2006
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
368
Sales rank:
971,739
Product dimensions:
9.30(w) x 6.30(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction
1. The Periodic System—An Overview
2. Quantitative Relationships Among the Elements
3. Discoverers of the System
4. Mendeleev
5. Prediction and Accommodation
6. The Nucleus and the Periodic Table
7. The Electron and the Periodic Table
8. Electronic Explanations by Chemists
9. Quantum Mechanics and the P.T.
10. Astrophysics, Nucleosynthesis and More Chemistry
Notes

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