Perioperative Practice: Fundamentals of Homeostasis / Edition 1

Perioperative Practice: Fundamentals of Homeostasis / Edition 1

by Nicola Baird, John Clancy, Andrew McVicar
     
 

ISBN-10: 0415233119

ISBN-13: 9780415233118

Pub. Date: 07/01/2002

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Written by experienced nurse lecturers and a theatre nurse, Perioperative Practice highlights and explains the biological processes which can be disrupted by a major surgical procedure. Using the concept of homeostasis as a framework, the authors look at issues common to all surgical procedures such as the influence of anaesthesia on the nervous system or

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Overview

Written by experienced nurse lecturers and a theatre nurse, Perioperative Practice highlights and explains the biological processes which can be disrupted by a major surgical procedure. Using the concept of homeostasis as a framework, the authors look at issues common to all surgical procedures such as the influence of anaesthesia on the nervous system or perioperative pain management. Individual chapters cover:

  • the human body and principles of homeostasis
  • the surgical approach and endoscopic procedures
  • perioperative influences on body fluid homeostasis
  • perioperative influences on immunological homeostasis and wound healing
  • perioperative influences on cardiovascular homeostasis
  • perioperative influences on respiratory homeostasis
  • anaesthesia, stress and surgery
  • pain and pain relief in the perioperative patient.

Generously illustrated in colour and black and white, the text features further learning activities and useful summaries of key points. It provides an important resource and supporting text for all nurses undertaking courses in theatre work or related areas or already working in such areas.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780415233118
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
07/01/2002
Pages:
306
Product dimensions:
6.60(w) x 9.60(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

List of figures
List of tables
List of boxes
Foreword
About this book
Acknowledgements
1The human body and principles of homeostasis1
The basic needs of the human body and activities of daily living11
Levels of organization13
Homeostasis: the link with health and ill-health15
Homeostasis and ill-health22
2The surgical approach and endoscopic procedures28
'Open' surgery: gaining access28
Minimal access surgery: endoscopy45
3Perioperative influences on body fluid homeostasis57
Body fluids and their distribution59
Electrolyte composition of intracellular and extracellular fluids65
Perioperative influences on water and electrolyte homeostasis73
Infusates and the support of body fluid compartments85
4Perioperative influences on immunological homeostasis and wound healing91
Introduction: immunological homeostasis91
The specific immune response99
An overview of the homeostatic responses involved in wound healing111
Details of the stages involved in wound healing119
5Perioperative influences on cardiovascular homeostasis137
Introduction: relation of the cardiovascular system to cellular homeostasis137
Overview of the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular system137
Cardiac output, peripheral resistance and blood pressure152
Shock: a failure to maintain cardiovascular homeostasis163
6Perioperative influences on respiratory homeostasis177
Principles of blood gas homeostasis180
The respiratory system in the perioperative period193
Ventilation therapy as a homeostatic mechanism205
7Anaesthesia, stress and surgery212
Surgical stress I: anxiety218
Surgical stress II: general anaesthesia219
Surgical stress III: responses to trauma226
8Pain and pain relief in the perioperative patient237
Pain perception: an overview238
Details of the neurophysiology associated with pain perception240
The subjectivity of pain248
Perioperative pain management251
Pharmacological pain management251
Non-pharmacological pain techniques261
Index271

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