Peroxisomal Disorders and Regulation of Genes / Edition 1

Peroxisomal Disorders and Regulation of Genes / Edition 1

by Frank Roels
     
 

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Peroxisomal Disorders and Regulation of Genes, held, September 25-28, 2002, in Ghent, Belgium. In most peroxisomal disorders the nervous system is severely affected which explains the clinical and community burden they represent. This is the first book to focus not only on the mutations causing these inherited illnesses

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Overview

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Peroxisomal Disorders and Regulation of Genes, held, September 25-28, 2002, in Ghent, Belgium. In most peroxisomal disorders the nervous system is severely affected which explains the clinical and community burden they represent. This is the first book to focus not only on the mutations causing these inherited illnesses, but also on mechanisms that regulate, suppress or enhance expression of genes and their products (enzymes). Indeed since the success and completion of the Human Genome Project all genes (coding DNA sequences) are known. However, of many, their function, and the role of the gene product has not been determined. An example is X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy, the most frequent peroxisomal disorder. Children are born healthy, but in more than 1 out of 3, demyelination of the brain starts unpredictably and they die in a vegetative state. The gene mutated in most families has been known for 10 years; but the true role of the encoded protein, ALDp, is still speculative; and within the same family, very severe and asymptomatic clinical histories co-exist, unexplained by the mutation. Therefore this book is oriented to various processes of regulation of gene function, "signalling cascades" by metabolites, hormones, nutrients, transcription factors, interaction of other gene products ("modifier gene") or redundancy (replacement) by the product of a different gene. Novel developments in gene control that are discussed in detail are RNA interference, DNA methylation and histone modifications and chromatin remodelling. In healthy humans and animals, peroxisome expression normally changes during development and differs between cell types, and is altered by drugs, when cultured, and in disease - without mutations of the genome. When in mice a specific gene is experimentally deleted in order to mimic a human disease, unexpected phenotypes appear differing from the condition in patient

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780306481741
Publisher:
Springer US
Publication date:
12/31/2003
Series:
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology Series, #544
Edition description:
2003
Pages:
429
Product dimensions:
10.00(w) x 7.00(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

* Foreword; H. Galjaard. Why study regulation of genes in inherited disorders? F. Roels.
* Variable Expression Of Peroxisomes And Their Disorders. Phenotypic variability (heterogeneity) of peroxisomal disorders; H. Mandel, S. Korman. Mulibrey nanism: a novel peroxisomal disorder; J. Kallijärvi, et al. Peroxisomes during development and in distinct cell types; F. Roels, et al. Tissue-specific expression of two peroxisomal 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase genes in wild and PPARalpha-null mice and induction by fenofibrate; G. Chevillard, et al. Clinical features and retinal function in patients with adult Refsum syndrome; B. Leroy, et al. Is there a phenotype/genotype correlation in peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBDs)? J. Gärtner. Biochemical markers predicting survival in peroxisome biogenesis disorders; J. Gootjes, et al. Identification of PEX7 as the second gene involved in Refsum disease; D. Van Den Brink, et al. Genetic heterogeneity in Japanese patients with peroxisome biogenesis disorders and evidence for a founder haplotype for the most common mutation in PEX10 gene; N. Shimozawa, et al. Disturbances of valine metabolism in patients with peroxisomal biogenesis disorders; F. Eyskens, M. Lefevere. Mouse models and genetic modifiers in X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy; A. Heinzer, et al. Evidence against the adrenoleukodystrophy-related gene acting as a modifier of X-adrenoleukodystrophy; A. Holzinger, et al. Peroxisome mosaics; F. Roels, et al. Resolution of the molecular defect in a patient with peroxisomal mosaicism in the liver; J. Gootjes, et al. Lessons from knockout mice I: Phenotypes of mice with peroxisome biogenesis disorders; M. Baes, P. Van Veldhoven. Lessons from knockout mice II: Mouse models for peroxisomal disorders with singleprotein deficiency; J. Berger, et al.
* Molecular Mechanisms Of Gene Regulation. DNA methylation and human diseases; O. El-Maarri. RNA silencing; J. Grabarek. Imprinting; M. De Rycke. Histone Modifications-Marks for Gene Expression? A. Imhof. A paradigm for gene regulation: inflammation, NF-kB and PPAR; W. Vanden Berghe, et al.
* Investigative Techniques. Methods: DNA methylation; O. El-Maarri. RNA interference in mammalian systems: A practical approach; J. Grabarek, M. Zernicka-Goetz. Histone modifications: methods and techniques; A. Imhof. Characterization of the peroxisomal cycling receptor Pex5p import pathway; A. Gouveia, et al. Interaction of PEX3 and PEX19 visualized by fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET); A. Muntau, et al.
* Regulation Of Peroxisome Expression. Gene Regulation of Peroxisomal Enzymes by Nutrients, Hormones and Nuclear Signalling Factors in Animal and Human Species; N. Latruffe, et al. Regulation of peroxisomal genes by dehydroepiandosterone and vit D; M. Depreter, et al. Effect of DHEA supplementation on fatty acid and hormone levels in patients with X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy; J. Assies, et al. Dehydroepiandrosterone induction of the Abcd2 and Abcd3 genes encoding peroxisomal ABC transporters: implications for X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy; F. Gueugnon, et al. Phytanic and pristanic acids are naturally occurring ligands; A. Zomer, et al. Modifying the peroxisomes by cell & tissue culture: I. Modified peroxisomes in primary hepayte cultures; M. Depreter, et al. II. Fibroblasts; M. Giros, M. Ruiz. III. Peroxisomes and PPAR in cultured neural cells; A. Cimini, et al. Pharmacological induction of redundant genes for a therapy

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