This book is a classic. Literature: Structure, Sound, and Sense has been consistently updated through its revised editions and remains the model for introductory literature texts. It is compact and easy to hold—not bloated and indiscriminate in its selections
Thomas R. Arp received a B.A. in English from the University of Michigan (1954) and a Woodrow Wilson Fellowship to Stanford University. In 1955-1956, he produced educational television for the University of Michigan. He received an M.A. from Stanford University in 1960 and a Ph.D. from Stanford in 1962. He has taught at Bowdoin College, Princeton University, University of California at Berkeley, Hull University (England), and since 1970 at Southern Methodist University. His volume, THE FORM OF POETRY, was published by Macmillan in 1966, and he received a Fulbright lectureship at University of Bucharest (Romania) in 1969-1970. Arp joined Laurence Perrine in preparing revised editions of SOUND AND SENSE, STORY AND STRUCTURE, and LITERATURE: STRUCTURE, SOUND, AND SENSE beginning in 1982. He became sole author of the books in 1997, and was joined as co-author by Greg Johnson in 2002.
Greg Johnson received an M.A. in English from Southern Methodist University and a Ph.D. in English from Emory University. Dr. Johnson is the author of eleven books of fiction, poetry, criticism, and biography, including the recent story collection, LAST ENCOUNTER WITH THE ENEMY (Johns Hopkins, 2004), the novel STICKY KISSES (Alyson Books, 2001), and INVISIBLE WRITER: A BIOGRAPHY OF JOYCE CAROL OATES.
1. Writing About Literature. 2. Reading the Story. Plot and Structure. 3. Characterization. 4. Theme. 5. Point if View. 6. Symbol, Allegory, and Fantasy. 7. Humor and Irony. 8. Evaluating Fiction. 9. Anton Chekhov, Flannery O'Connor, and Joyce Carol Oates. 10. Stories for Further Reading. 11. What Is Poetry? 12. Reading the Poem. 13. Denotation and Connotation. 14. Imagery. 15. Figurative language 1: Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Apostrophe, Metonymy. 16. Figurative Language 2: Symbol, Allegory. 17. Figurative Language 3: Paradox, Overstatement, Understatement, Irony. 18. Allusion. 19. Meaning and Idea. 20. Tone. 21. Musical Devices. 22. Rhythm and Meter. 23. Sound and Meaning. 24. Pattern. 25. Evaluating Poetry 1: Sentimental, Rhetorical, Didactic Verse. 26. Evaluating Poetry 2: Sentimental, Rhetorical, Didactic Verse. 27. Poems for Further Reading. 28. The Elements of Drama.