Perrine's Literature: Structure, Sound and Sense / Edition 8

Perrine's Literature: Structure, Sound and Sense / Edition 8

by Thomas R. Arp, Greg Johnson

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ISBN-10: 0155074946

ISBN-13: 9780155074941

Pub. Date: 08/01/1901

Publisher: Cengage Learning

The classic text, PERRINE'S LITERATURE: STRUCTURE, SOUND, and SENSE, Eighth Edition, continues to provide students with a comprehensive study into the principal forms of fiction, poetry, and drama.


The classic text, PERRINE'S LITERATURE: STRUCTURE, SOUND, and SENSE, Eighth Edition, continues to provide students with a comprehensive study into the principal forms of fiction, poetry, and drama.

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Cengage Learning
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Edition description:
Older Edition
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5.84(w) x 8.22(h) x 1.99(d)

Table of Contents

1. Writing about Literature. Why Write about Literature? For Whom Do You Write? Choosing a Topic. Proving Your Point. Writing the Paper. Introducing Quotations. Documentation. Stance and Style. Grammar, Punctuation, and Usage: Common Problems. Writing Samples. FICTION: THE ELEMENTS OF FICTION. 2. Reading the Story. Plot and Structure. Richard Connell, The Most Dangerous Game. Ernest Hemingway, The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber. Suggestions for Writing. 3. Characterization. Alice Walker, Everyday Use. Katherine Mansfield, Miss Brill. Tobias Wolff, Hunters in the Snow. Suggestions for Writing. 4. Theme. Toni Cade Bambara, The Lesson. James Joyce, Eveline. Eudora Welty, A Worn Path. Nadine Gordimer, Once Upon a Time. Suggestions for Writing. 5. Point of View. Willa Cather, Paul's Case. Shirley Jackson, The Lottery. Katherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny Weatherall. William Faulkner, A Rose for Emily. 6. Symbol, Allegory, and Fantasy. D. H. Lawrence, The Rocking-Horse Winner. Nathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman Brown. Gabriel García Márquez, translated by Gregory Rabassa, A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings. Suggestions for Writing. 7. Humor and Irony. Frank O'Connor, The Drunkard. Lorrie Moore, You're Ugly, Too. Albert Camus, translated by Justin O'Brien, The Guest. Suggestions for Writing. 8. Evaluating Fiction. General Exercises for Analysis and Evaluation. Exercise. O. Henry, A Municipal Report. Susan Glaspell, A Jury of Her Peers. Exercise. Edith Wharton, Roman Fever. F. Scott Fitzgerald, A New Leaf. Suggestions for Writing. Three Writers: Anton Chekhov, Flannery O'Connor, and Joyce Carol Oates. Anton Chekhov, translated by Constance Garnett, Gooseberries, The Lady with the Dog, and The Darling. Flannery O'Connor, A Good Man Is Hard to Find, A Late Encounter with the Enemy, and Greenleaf. Joyce Carol Oates, Heat, The Lady with the Pet Dog, and Life after High School. Suggestions for Writing. STORIES FOR FURTHER READING. Chinua Achebe, Civil Peace. Raymond Carver, Errand. John Cheever, The Swimmer. Stephen Crane, The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky. Dagoberto Gilb, Love in L.A. Zora Neale Hurston, The Gilded Six-Bits. Herman Melville, Bartleby the Scrivener. Cynthia Ozick, The Shawl. Edgar Allen Poe, The Cask of Amontillado. Katherine Anne Porter, He. Thomas Wolfe, The Child by Tiger. POETRY: THE ELEMENTS OF POETRY. 1. What Is Poetry? Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The Eagle. William Shakespeare, Winger. Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est. William Shakespeare, Spring. Emily Dickinson, How many times these low feet staggered. Robert Hayden, The Whipping. Dudley Randall, Ballad of Birmingham. Gwendolyn Brooks, Kitchenette Burning. William Carlos Williams, The Red Wheelbarrow. Ezra Pound, In a Station of the Métro. Langston Hughes, Suicide's Note. A. E. Housman, Terence, this is stupid stuff. Archibald MacLeish, Ars Poetica. Suggestions for Writing. 2. Reading the Poem. Thomas Hardy, The Man He Killed. Philip Larkin, A Study of Reading Habits. A. E. Housman, Is my team plowing. General Exercises for Analysis and Evaluation. John Donne, Break of Day. Emily Dickinson, There's Been a Death, in the Opposite House. Sylvia Plath, Mirror. Carter Revard, Discovery of the New World. Edwin Arlington Robinson, Eros Turannos. Katherine Phillips, Against Love. Dabney Stuart, Hidden Meanings. Suggestions for Writing. 3. Denotation and Connotation. Emily Dickinson, There is no Frigate like a Book. William Shakespeare, When my love swears that she is made of truth. Ellen Kay, Pathedy of Manners. Exercises. Ben Jonson, On My First Son. Henry Reed, Naming of Parts. Langston Hughes, Cross. William Wordsworth, The world is too much with us. Robert Frost, Desert Places. John Donne, A Hymn to God the Father. Elizabeth Bishop, One Art. Suggestions for Writing. 4. Imagery. Robert Browning, Meeting at Night. Parting at Morning. Gerard Manley Hopkins, Spring. William Carlos Williams, The Widow's Lament in Springtime. Emily Dickinson, I felt a Funeral, in my Brain. Seamus Heaney, The Forge. Thomas Hardy, The Convergence of the Twain. Robert Frost, After Apple-Picking. Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays. Jean Toomer, Reapers. John Keats, To Autumn. Suggestions for Writing. 5. Figurative Language 1: Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Apostrophe, Metonymy. Frances Cornford, The Guitarist Tunes Up. Robert Francis, The Hound. Robert Frost, Bereft. Emily Dickinson, It sifts from Leaden Sieves. Thomas Hardy, The Subalterns. John Keats, Bright Stars. Exercise. Richard Wilbur, Mind. Emily Dickinson, I taste a liquor never brewed. Sylvia Plath, Metaphors. Elizabeth Bishop, Pink Dog. Philip Larkin, Toads. John Donne, A Valediction: Forbidden Mourning. Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress. Ralph Waldo Emerson, Suum Cuique. Langston Hughes, Dream Deferred. Suggestions for Writing. 6. Figurative Language 2: Symbol, Allegory. Robert Frost, The Road Not Taken. Walt Whitman, A Noiseless Patient Spider. William Blake, The Sick Rose. Seamus Heaney, Digging. Robert Herrick, To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time. George Herbert, Redemption. Robert Frost, Fire and Ice. Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Ulysses. Alastair Reid, Curiosity. Richard Wilbur, The Writer. Jay Macpherson, Sun and Moon. John Donne, Hymn to God My God, in My Sickness. Emily Dickinson, I started Early-Took my Dog. Exercises. Suggestions for Writing. 7. Figurative Language 3: Paradox, Overstatement, Understatement, Irony. Emily Dickinson, Much Madness is divinest Sense. John Donne, The Sun Rising. Countee Cullen, Incident. Edwin Arlington Robinson, New England. Marge Piercy, Barbie Doll. William Blake, The Chimney Sweeper. Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ozymandias. Exercise. John Donne, Batter my heart, threepersoned God. Elisavietta Ritchie, Sorting Laundry. W. H. Auden, The Unknown Citizen. Robert Frost, Departmental. Larry Rottmann, APO 96225. Lucille Clifton, in the inner city. M. Carl Holman, Mr. Z. Robert Browning, My Last Duchess. Suggestions for Writing. 8. Allusion. Robert Frost, Out, Out—". William Shakespeare, from Macbeth: She should have died hereafter. e. e. cummings, in Just-. John Milton, On His Blindness. Edwin Arlington Robinson, Miniver Cheevy. William Butler Yeats, Leda and the Swan. Katharyn Howd Machan, Leda's Sister and the Geese. Emily Dickinson, Abraham to kill him. Walter McDonald, Life with Father. Laurence Perrine, A monkey sprang down from a tree. Two brothers devised what at sight. Suggestions for Writing. 9. Meaning and Idea. Anonymous, Little Jack Horner. A. E. Housman, Loveliest of Trees. Robert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening. William Cullen Bryant, To a Waterfowl. Robert Frost, Design. Emily Dickinson, I never saw a Moor. Faith" is a fine invention. John Donne, The Indifferent. Love's Diety. Dudley Randall, To the Mercy Killers. Edwin Arlington Robinson, How Annandale Went Out. Gerard Manley Hopkins, The Caged Skylark. No worst, there is none. Suggestions for Writing. 10. Tone. Richard Eberhart, For a Lamb. Emily Dickinson, Apparently with no surprise. Michael Drayton, Since there's no help. William Shakespeare, My mistress' eyes. Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Crossing the Bar. Thomas Hardy, The Oxen. Emily Dickinson, One dignity delays for all. 'Twas warm-at first-like Us. John Donne, The Apparition. The Flea. Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach. Philip Larkin, Church Going. Cleopatra Mathis, Getting Out. Anonymous, Love. Suggestions for Writing. 11. Musical Devices. Ogden Nash, The Turtle. W. H. Auden, That night when joy began. Theodore Roethke, The Waking. Gerard Manley Hopkins, God's Grandeur. Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool. Dudley Randall, Blackberry Sweet. Maya Angelou, Woman Work. Ralph Waldo Emerson, The nowstorm. Emily Dickinson, As imperceptibly as Grief. William Stafford, Traveling through the dark. Joshua Sylvester, Autumnus. Robert Frost, Nothing Gold Can Stay. Exercise. Suggestions for Writing. 12. Rhythm and Meter. Gcorge Herhert, Virtue. Exercises. William Blake, Introduction" to Songs of Innocence. A. E. Housman, Epitaph on an Army of Mercenaries. Walt Whitman, Had I the Choice. Robert Frost, The Aim Was Song. Sylvia Plath, Old Ladies' Home. Linda Pastan, To a Daughter Leaving Home. Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Constantly risking absurdity. James Merrill, The Fifteenth Summer. Emily Dickinson, Because I could not stop for Death. Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Break, break, break. Suggestions for Writing. 13. Sound and Meaning. Anonymous, Pease Porridge Hot. William Shakespeare, Song: Come unto these yellow sands. A. E. Housman, Eight O'Clock. Alexander Pope, Sound and Sense. Emily Dickinson, I heard a Fly buzz-when I died. Exercise. Gerard Manley Hopkins, Heaven-Haven. Wilfred Owen, Anthem for Doomed Youth. Margaret Atwood, Landcrab. Maxine Kumin, Nurture. John Donne, At the round earth's imagined corners. Galway Kinnell, Blackberry Eating. Richard Wilbur, A Fire-Truck. William Carlos Williams, The Dance. Suggestions for Writing. 14. Pattern. Emily Dickinson, These are the days when Birds come back. Anonymous, An epicure dining at Crewe. John Keats, On First Looking into Chapman's Homer. William Shakespeare, That time of year. Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night. A Smattering of Limericks. Carolyn Wells, A tutor who tooted the flute. Anonymous, There was a young fellow named Hall. Martin Bristow Smith, A goat on a stroll near a brook. Laurence Perrine, The limerick's never averse. William Shakespeare, from Romeo and Juliet. John Donne, Death, be not proud. Martha Collins, The Story We Know. Wendy Cope, Lonely Hearts. George Gascoigne, Gascoigne's Lullaby. Robert Frost, Acquainted with the Night. Anonymous, Edward. Robert Herrick -Delight in Disorder. Michael McFee, In Medias Res. Exercise. Suggestions for Writing. 15. Evaluating Poetry 1: Sentimental, Rhetorical, Didactic Verse. God's Will for You and Me. Pied Beauty. A Poison Tree. The Most Vital Thing in Life. Longing. To Marguerite. Pitcher. The Old-Fashioned Pitcher. The Long Voyage. Breathes there the man. The Engine. I like to see it lap the Miles. The Toys. Little Boy Blue. When I have fears that I may cease to be. O Solitude! Do not stand by my grave and weep. Song. Suggestions for Writing. 16. Evaluating Poetry 2: Sentimental, Rhetorical, Didactic Verse. John Donne, The Canonization. John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn. Emily Dickinson, There's a certain Slant of light. Robert Frost, Home Burial. T. S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock. Wallace Stevens, Sunday Morning. Elizabeth Bishop, The Fish. Derek Walcott, The Virgins. POEMS FOR FURTHER READING. Margaret Atwood, Siren Song. W. H. Auden, Musée des Beaux Arts. D. C. Berry, On Reading Poems to a Senior Class at South High. William Blake, The Lamb. The Tiger. David Bottoms, Sign for My Father, Who Stressed the Bunt. Rupert Brooke, The Dead. Elizabeth Barrett Browning, If thou must love me. Lucille Clifton, good times. the lost baby poem. Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Kubla Khan. Countee Cullen, For a Lady I Know. Walter de la Mare, Scholars. Emily Dickinson, A Light exists in Spring. A narrow Fellow in the Grass. I died for Beauty-but was scarce. I like a look of Agony. What Inn is this. Tom Disch, The Lipstick on the Mirror. John Donne, The Good-Morrow. Song: Go and catch a falling star. Song: Sweetest love, I do not go. The Triple Fool. Keith Douglas, Vergissmeinnicht. Stephen Dunn, Tangier. Carolyn Forché, The Colonel. Robert Frost, Birches. Mending Wall. Never Again Would Birds' Song Be the Same. The Oven Bird. Nikki Giovanni, Nikki-Rosa. Thorn Gunn, On the Move. R. S. Gwynn, Snow White and the Seven Deadly Sins. Marilyn Hacker, Fourteen. Rachel Hadas, The Red Hat. Donald Hall, My Son, My Executioner. Thomas Hardy, Channel Firing. The Darkling Thrush. Hap. William Heyen, Riddle. A. E. Housman, To an Athlete Dying Young. Bredon Hill. Langston Hughes, Theme for English B. Ted Hughes, Thistles. Randall Jarrell, The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner. Ben Jonson, Song To Celia. Jenny Joseph, Warning. Donald Justice, In Memory of the Unknown Poet, Robert Boardman Vaughn. John Keats, La Belle Dame sans Merci. Ode to a Nightingale. Maxine Kumin, The Sound of Night. Philip Larkin, Aubade. Marianne Moore, What Are Years? Sharon Olds, The Victims. Mary Oliver, The Summer Day. Simon J. Ortiz, Speaking. Linda Pastan, The Imperfect Paradise. Marge Piercy, A Work of Artifice. Sylvia Plath, Mad Girl's Love Song. Spinster. Deborah Pope, Getting Through. John Crowe, Ransom Bells for John Whiteside's Daughter. Adrienne Rich, Aunt Jennifer's Tigers. Living in Sin. Storm Warnings. Alberto Rios, Nani. Edwin Arlington Robinson, The Mill. Mr. Flood's Party. Richard Cory. Theodore Roethke, I knew a woman. My Papa's Waltz. Anne Sexton, The Abortion. Her Kind. William Shakespeare, Fear no more. Let me not to the marriage of true minds. Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Karl Shapiro, The Fly. Sir Philip Sidney, Loving in truth. Gary Soto, Small Town with One Road. Wallace Stevens, The Death of a Soldier. Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock. The Snow Man. Jonathan Swift, A Description of the Morning. Alfred, Lord Tennyson, From In Memoriam A. H. H. Dylan Thomas, Fern Hill. John Updike, Telephone Poles. Edmund Waller, Song: Go, lovely rose! Bruce Wiegl, Snowy Egret. Walt Whitman, When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer. Richard Wilbur, April 15, 1974. William Carlos Williams, Poem. Spring and All. William Wordsworth, Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802. I wandered lonely as a cloud. The Solitary Reaper. William Butler Yeats, Sailing to Byzantium. The Second Coming. The Wild Swans at Coole. DRAMA: THE ELEMENTS OF DRAMA. 1. The Nature of Drama. General Exercise for Analysis and Evaluation of Drama. Meredith Oakes, Mind the Gap. Susan Glaspell, Trifles. Edward Albee, The Sandbox. Christopher Durang, Naomi in the Living Room. Suggestions for Writing. 2. Realistic and Nonrealistic Drama. Henrik Ibsen, translated by Otto Reinert, A Doll's House. Tennessee Williams, The Glass Menagerie. Luis Valdez, Los Vendidos. Suggestions for Writing. 3. Tragedy and Comedy. Sophocles, translated by Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald, Oedipus Rex. William Shakespeare, Othello, the Moor of Venice. A Midsummer Night's Dream. Anton Chekhov, translated by Avrahm Yarmolinsky, The Boor. Suggestions for Writing. PLAYS FOR FURTHER READING. Arthur Miller, Death of a Salesman. Samuel Beckett, Krapp's Last Tape. August Wilson, Fences. Glossary of Terms. Index of Authors, Titles, and First Lines.

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