Perrine's Literature: Structure, Sound, and Sense / Edition 9

Perrine's Literature: Structure, Sound, and Sense / Edition 9

by Thomas R. Arp, Greg Johnson

ISBN-10: 141300654X

ISBN-13: 9781413006544

Pub. Date: 07/01/2005

Publisher: Cengage Learning

The best-seller for nearly 50 years and the introduction to literature textbook that first set the standard for including a wide range of engaging and diverse forms of literature, Arp/Johnson/Perrine continues to be the most inclusive anthology of fiction, poetry, and drama.


The best-seller for nearly 50 years and the introduction to literature textbook that first set the standard for including a wide range of engaging and diverse forms of literature, Arp/Johnson/Perrine continues to be the most inclusive anthology of fiction, poetry, and drama.

Product Details

Cengage Learning
Publication date:
Edition description:
Older Edition
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.60(h) x 2.50(d)

Table of Contents

Preface. WRITING ABOUT LITERATURE. 1. Why Write about Literature? 2. For Whom Do You Write? 3. Two Basic Approaches. Explication. Analysis. 4. Choosing a Topic. Papers That Focus on a Single Literary Work. Paper of Comparison and Contrast. Papers on a Number of Works by a Single Author. Papers on a Number of Works with Some Feature Other Than Authorship in Common. 5. Proving Your Point. 6. Writing the Paper. 7. Writing In-Class Essays or Essays Tests. 8. Introducing Quotations (Q1-Q11). 9. Documentation. Textual Documentation (TD1-TD5). Parenthetical Documentation (PD1-PD6). List of Works Cited 4. Documentation of Electronic Sources. 10. Stance and Style (S1-S6). 11. Grammar, Punctuation, and Usage: Common Problems. Grammar (G1-G2). Punctuation (P1-P5). Usage (U1-U2). 12. Writing Samples. Fiction Explication: "Darkness" in the Conclusion of "The Child by Tiger."Fiction Analysis: The Function of the Frame Story in "Once Upon a Time." Poetry Explication: "A Study of Reading Habits." Poetry Analysis: Diction in "Pathedy of Manners." Drama Explication: Iago's First Soliloquy. Drama Analysis: Othello's Race. FICTION: THE ELEMENTS OF FICTION. 1. Reading the Story. Reviewing Chapter One. "The Most Dangerous Game" by Richard Connell. "Hunters in the Snow" by Tobias Wolff. Understanding and Evaluating Fiction. Suggestions for Writing. 2. Plot and Structure. Reviewing Chapter Two. "The Destructors" by Graham Greene. "How I Met My Husband" by Alice Munro. "Interpreter of Maladies" by Jhumpa Lahiri. Suggestions for Writing. 3. Characterization. Reviewing Chapter Three. "Everyday Use" by Alice Walker. "Miss Brill" by Katherine Mansfield. "How Far She Went" by Mary Hood. Suggestions for Writing. 4. Theme. Reviewing Chapter Four. "The Lesson" by Toni Cade Bambara. "Gooseberries" by Anton Chekhov, translated by Constance Garnett. "A Worn Path" by Eudora Welty. "Once Upon a Time" by Nadine Gordimer. Suggestions for Writing. 5. Point of View. Reviewing Chapter Five. "Paul's Case" by Willa Cather. "The Lottery" by Shirley Jackson. "The Jilting of Granny Weatherall" by Katherine Anne Porter. "Hills Like White Elephants" by Ernest Hemingway. Suggestions for Writing. 6. Symbol, Allegory, and Fantasy. Reviewing Chapter Six. "The Rocking-Horse Winner" by D.H. Lawrence. "Young Goodman Brown" by Nathaniel Hawthorne. "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" by Joyce Carol Oates. "A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings" by Gabriel Garcia Marquez, translated by Gregory Rabassa. Suggestions for Writing. 7. Humor and Irony. Reviewing Chapter Seven. "The Drunkard" by Frank O''Connor. "The Kugelmass Episode" by Woody Allen. "The Guest" by Albert Camus, translated by Justin O''Brien. Suggestions for Writing. 8. Evaluating Fiction. Reviewing Chapter Eight. Exercise. "A Municipal Report" by O. Henry. "A Jury of Her Peers" by Susan Glaspell. Exercise. "Roman Fever" by Edith Wharton. "A New Leaf" by F. Scott Fitzgerald. Suggestions for Writing. TWO FEATURE WRITERS: JAMES JOYCE AND FLANNERY O''CONNOR. Introduction. "Araby", "Eveline", and "The Boarding House" by James Joyce. "A Good Man is Hard to Find" , "Good Country People", and "Greenleaf" by Flannery O''Connor. Suggestions for Writing. STORIES FOR FURTHER READING. "Civil Peace" by Chinua Achebe. "Cathedral" by Raymond Carver. "The Swimmer" by John Cheever. "American History" by Judith Ortiz Cofer. "The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky" by Stephen Crane. "A Rose for Emily" by William Faulkner. "The Gilded Six-Bits" by Zora Neale Hurston. "A Contract" by Ha Jin. "Bartleby the Scrivener" by Herman Melville. "The Cask of Amontillado" by Edgar Allan Poe. "No One's a Mystery" by Elizabeth Tallent. "A&P" by John Updike. "The Child by Tiger" by Thomas Wolfe. POETRY THE ELEMENTS OF POETRY. 1. What is Poetry? "The Eagle" by Alfred, Lord Tennyson. "Winter" by William Shakespeare. "Dulce et Decorum Est" by Wilfred Owen. Reviewing Chapter One . Understanding and Evaluating Poetry. "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" by William Shakespeare. "The Whipping" by Robert Hayden. "The last Night that She lived" by Emily Dickinson. "Ballad of Birmingham" by Dudley Randall. "Kitchenette Building" by Gwendolyn Brooks. "The Red Wheelbarrow" by William Carlos Williams. "Suicide's Note" by Langston Hughes. "Terence, this is stupid stuff" by A.E. Housman. "Poetry: I" by Adrienne Rich. "Ars Poetica" by Archibald MacLeish. Suggestions for Writing. 2. Reading the Poem. "The Man He Killed" by Thomas Hardy. "A Study of Reading Habits" by Philip Larkin. "Is my team plowing" by A.E. Housman. Reviewing Chapter Two. "Break of Day" by John Donne. "There's been a Death, in the Opposite House" by Emily Dickinson. "When in Rome" by Mari Evans. "Mirror" by Sylvia Plath. "The Clod and the Pebble" by William Blake. "Facing It" by Yusef Komunyakaa. "Eros Turannos" by Edwin Arlington Robinson. "Storm Warnings" by Adrienne Rich. Suggestions for Writing. 3. Denotation and Connotation. "There is no Frigate like a Book" by Emily Dickinson. "When my love swears that she is made of truth" by William Shakespeare. "Pathedy of Manners" by Ellen Kay. Exercises. Reviewing Chapter Three. "Naming of Parts" by Henry Reed. "Cross" by Langston Hughes. "The world is too much with us" by William Wordsworth. "I Am in Danger —Sir—" by Adrienne Rich. "Desert Places" by Robert Frost. "A Hymn to God the Father" by John Donne. "One Art" by Elizabeth Bishop. Suggestions for Writing. 4. Imagery. "Meeting at Night" by Robert Browning. "Parting at Morning" by Robert Browning. Exercises. Reviewing Chapter Four. "Spring" by Gerard Manley Hopkins. "The Widow's Lament in Springtime" by William Carlos Williams. "I felt a Funeral, in my Brain" by Emily Dickinson. "Living in Sin" by Adrienne Rich. "The Forge" by Seamus Heaney. "After Apple-Picking" by Robert Frost. "Those Winter Sundays" by Robert Hayden. "Reapers" by Jean Toomer. "The Destruction of Sennacherib" by George Gordon, Lord Byron. "To Autumn" by John Keats. Suggestions for Writing. 5. Figurative Language 1: Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Apostrophe, Metonymy. "The Guitarist Tunes Up" by Frances Cornford. "The Hound" by Robert Francis. "Bereft" by Robert Frost. It sifts from Leaden Sieves" by Emily Dickinson. "Song of the Powers" by David Mason. "Bright Star" by John Keats. Exercise. Reviewing Chapter Five. "Mind" by Richard Wilbur. "I taste a liquor never brewed" by Emily Dickinson. "Metaphors" by Sylvia Plath. "Toads" by Philip Larkin. "Ghost of a Chance" by Adrienne Rich. "A Valediction Forbidding Mourning" by John Donne. "To His Coy Mistress" by Andrew Marvell. "Dream Deferred" by Langston Hughes. "Introduction to Poetry" by Billy Collins. Suggestions for Writing. 6. Figurative Language 2: Symbol, Allegory. "The Road Not Taken" by Robert Frost. "A Noiseless Patient Spider" by Walt Whitman. "The Sick Rose" by William Blake. "Digging" by Seamus Heaney. "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time" by Robert Herrick. "Peace" by George Herbert. Exercises. Reviewing Chapter Six. "Fire and Ice" by Robert Frost. "Ulysses" by Alfred, Lord Tennyson. "Curiosity" by Alistair Reid. "The Writer" by Richard Wilbur. "Power" by Adrienne Rich. "Because I could not stop for Death" by Emily Dickinson. "Hymn to God My God, in My Sickness" by John Donne. Suggestions for Writing. 7. Figurative Language3: Paradox, Overstatement, Understatement, Irony. "Much Madness is divinest Sense" by Emily Dickinson. "The Sun Rising" by John Donne. "Incident" by Countee Cullen. "Barbie Doll" by Marge Piercy. "The Chimney Sweeper" by William Blake. "Ozymandias" by Percy Bysshe Shelley. Exercise. Reviewing Chapter Seven. "Batter my heart, three-personed God" by John Donne. "Sorting Laundry" by Elisavietta Ritchie. "The History Teacher" by Billy Collins. "A Considerable Speck" by Robert Frost. "The Unknown Citizen" by W.H. Auden. "American Holiday" by Joyce Carol Oates. "in the inner city" by Lucille Clifton. "Mr. Z" by M. Carl Holman. "Afterward" by Adrienne Rich. "My Last Duchess" by Robert Browning. Suggestions for Writing. 8. Allusion. "Out,Out—" by Robert Frost. From Macbeth (She should have died hereafter") by William Shakespeare. Reviewing Chapter Eight. "in Just-" by e.e.cummings. "Yet Do I Marvel" by Countee Cullen. "On His Blindness" by John Milton. "Hazel Tells LaVerne" by Katharyn Howd Machan. "Miniver Cheevy" by Edwin Arlington Robinson. "Journey of the Magi" by T.S. Eliot. "Leda and the Swan" by William Butler Yeats. "I Dream I''m the Death of Orpheus" by Adrienne Rich. Suggestions for Writing. 9. Meaning and Idea. "Loveliest of Trees" by A.E. Housman. "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening" by Robert Frost. Reviewing Chapter Nine. "The Rhodora" by Ralph Waldo Emerson. "Design" by Robert Frost. "I never saw a Moor" by Emily Dickinson. " ''Faith'' is a fine invention" by Emily Dickinson. "On the Sonnet" by John Keats. "Sonnet" by Billy Collins. "The Indifferent" by John Donne. "Love's Deity" by John Donne. "My Number" by Billy Collins. "I had heard it's a fight" by Edwin Denby. Suggestions for writing. 10. Tone. "For a Lamb" by Richard Eberhart. "Apparently with no surprise" by Emily Dickinson. "Since there's no help" by Michael Drayton. Reviewing Chapter Ten. "My mistress'' eyes" by William Shakespeare. "Miracle Ice Cream" by Adrienne Rich. "Crossing the Bar" by Alfred, Lord Tennyson. "The Oxen" by Thomas Hardy. "One dignity delays for all" by Emily Dickinson. " ''Twas warm—at first -like Us" by Emily Dickinson. "The Apparition" by John Donne. "The Flea" by John Donne. "Dover Beach" by Matthew Arnold. "Church Going" by Philip Larkin. "Ending" by Gavin Ewart. "Love" by Anonymous. Suggestions for Writing. 11. Musical Devices. "The Turtle" by Ogden Nash. "That night when joy began" by W.H. Auden. "The Waking" by Theodore Roethke. "God's Grandeur" by Gerard Manley Hopkins. Exercise. Reviewing Chapter Eleven. "Blow, blow, thou winter wind" by William Shakespeare. "We Real Cool" by Gwendolyn Brooks. "Woman Work" by Maya Angelou. "Rite of Passage" by Sharon Olds. "As imperceptibly as Grief" by Emily Dickinson. "Traveling through the dark" by William Stafford. "In Those Years" by Adrienne Rich. "1973" by Marilyn Hacker. "Nothing Gold Can Stay" by Robert Frost. Suggestions for Writing. 12. Rhythm and Meter. "Virtue" by George Herbert. Exercise. Reviewing Chapter Twelve. " ''Introduction'' by William Blake to Songs of Innocence. "Had I the Chance" by Walt Whitman. "The Aim was Song" by Robert Frost. "The Knight" by Adrienne Rich. "Old Ladies'' Home" by Sylvia Plath. "The Tropics in New York" by Claude McKay. "To a Daughter Leaving Home" by Linda Pastan. "Quinceanera" by Judith Ortiz Cofer. "Constantly risking absurdity" by Lawrence Ferlinghetti. "A Blessing" by James Wright. "Break, break, break" by Alfred, Lord Tennyson. Suggestions for Writing. 13. Sound and Meaning. "Eight O''Clock" by A.E. Housman. "Sound and Sense" by Alexander Pope. "I heard a Fly buzz—when I died" by Emily Dickinson. Exercise. Reviewing Chapter Thirteen. "Anthem for Doomed Youth" by Wilfred Owen. "Landcrab" by Margaret Atwood. "Recital" by John Updike. "Aunt Jennifer's Tigers" by Adrienne Rich. "At the round earth's imagined corners" by John Donne. "Blackberry Eating" by Galway Kinnell. "Golden Retrievals" by Mark Doty. "A Fire-Truck" by Richard Wilbur. "The Dance" by William Carlos Williams. Suggestions for Writing. 14. Pattern. "The Pulley" by George Herbert. "On First Looking into Chapman's Homer" by John Keats. "That time of year" by William Shakespeare. "Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night" by Dylan Thomas. Exercise. Reviewing Chapter Fourteen. "From Romeo and Juliet" by William Shakespeare. "Death, be not proud" by John Donne. "The White City" by Claude McKay. "Final Notations" by Adrienne Rich. "The Story We Know" by Martha Collins. "Lonely Hearts" by Wendy Cope. "The Ruined Maid" by Thomas Hardy. "Acquainted with the Night" by Robert Frost. "These are the days when Birds come back" by Emily Dickinson. "Woodchucks" by Maxine Kumin. "Delight in Disorder" by Robert Herrick. "In Medias Res" by Michael McFee. Suggestions for Writing. 15. Evaluating Poetry 1: Sentimental, Rhetorical, Didactic Verse. Reviewing Chapter Fifteen. "God's Will for You and Me". "Pied Beauty". "A Poison Tree". "The Most Vital Thing in Life". " Pitcher". "The Old-Fashioned Pitcher". "The Long Voyage". "Breathes there the man". "The Engine". "I like to see it lap the Miles". "The Toys". "Little Boy Blue". "When I Have Fears". "O Solitude!". Suggestions for Writing. 16. Evaluating Poetry 2: Poetic Excellence. "The Canonization" by John Donne. "Ode on a Grecian Urn" by John Keats. "There's a certain slant of light" by Emily Dickinson. "Home Burial" by Robert Frost. "The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock" by T.S. Eliot. "Sunday Morning" by Wallace Stevens. "The Weary Blues" by Langston Hughes. "The Fish" by Elizabeth Bishop. "Diving into the Wreck" by Adrienne Rich. FEATURED POETS. Emily Dickinson: "A Light Exists in Spring". "A narrow Fellow in the Grass". "Apparently with no surprise". "As imperceptibly as Grief". "Because I could not stop for Death". " ''Faith'' is a fine invention". "I died for beauty—but was scarce". "I felt a Funeral in my Brain". "I heard a Fly buzz —when I died". "I like a look of Agony". "I never saw a Moor". "I taste a liquor never brewed". "It sifts from Leaden Sieves". "Much madness is divinest Sense". "One dignity delays for all—". "The last Night that She lived". "There is no Frigate like a Book". "There's a certain slant of light". "There's been a Death, in the Opposite House". "These are the days when Birds come back". " ''Twas warm—at first—like Us". John Donne: "A Hymn to God the Father". "A Valediction Forbidding Mourning". "At the round earth's imagined corners". "Batter my heart, three-personed God". "Break of Day". "Death, be not proud". "Hymn to God My God, in My Sickness". "Love's Deity". "Song: Go and catch a falling star". "The Apparition". "The Canonization". "The Flea". "The Good-Morrow". "The Indifferent". "The Sun Rising". "The Triple Fool". Robert Frost: "A Considerable Speck". "Acquainted with the Night". "After Apple-Picking". "Bereft". "Birches". "Desert Places". "Design". "Fire and Ice". "Home Burial". "Mending Wall". "Never Again Would Birds'' Song Be the Same". "Nothing Gold Can Stay". "Out, Out—" . "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening". "The Aim was Song". "The Oven Bird". "The Road Not Taken". Adrienne Rich: "Afterward", "Aunt Jennifer's Tigers", "Delta", "Diving into the Wreck", "Dreamwood", "Final Notations", "Ghost of a Chance", "I Am in Danger—Sir—". "I Dream I''m the Death of Orpheus". "In Those Years". "Living in Sin". "Miracle Ice Cream". "Our Whoel Life". "Poetry: I". "Power". "Storm Warnings". "The Fact of a Doorframe". "The Knight". POEMS FOR FURTHER READING. "To Marguerite" by Matthew Arnold. "Siren Song" by Margaret Atwood. "Musee des Beaux Arts" by W.H. Auden. "On Reading Poems to a Senior Class at South High" by D.C. Berry. "The Lamb" by William Blake. "The Tiger" by William Blake. "Sign for My Father, Who Stressed the Bunt" by David Bottoms. "Sadie and Maud" by Gwendolyn Brooks. "a song in the front yard" by Gwendolyn Brooks. "good times" by Lucille Clifton. "Women Who Love Angels" by Judith Ortiz Cofer. "Kubla Khan" by Samuel Taylor Coleridge. "War Is Kind" by Stephen Crane. "Rice Will Grow Again" by Frank A. Cross, Jr. "For a Lady I Know" by Countee Cullen. "A Light exists in Spring" by Emily Dickinson. "A narrow Fellow in the Grass" by Emily Dickinson. "I died for Beauty—but was scarce" by Emily Dickinson. "I like a look of Agony" by Emily Dickinson. "The Good-Morrow" by John Donne. "Song: Go and catch a falling star" by John Donne. "The Triple Fool" by John Donne. "Vergissmeinnicht" by Keith Douglas. "Guns" by W.D. Ehrhart. "The Colonel" by Carolyn Forche. "Birches" by Robert Frost. "Mending Wall" by Robert Frost. "Never Again Would Birds'' Song Be the Same" by Robert Frost. "The Oven Bird" by Robert Frost. "Snow White and the Seven Deadly Sins" by R.S. Gwynn. "The Red Hat" by Rachel Hadas. "My Son, My Executioner" by Donald Hall. "Channel Firing" by Thomas Hardy. "The Darkling Thrush" by Thomas Hardy. "Hap" by Thomas Hardy. "To an Athlete Dying Young" by A.E. Housman. "Aunt Sue's Stories" by Langston Hughes. "Theme for English B" by Langston Hughes. "Thistles" by Ted Hughes. "The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner" by Randall Jarrell. "Warning" by Jenny Joseph. "La Belle Dame sans Merci" by John Keats. "Ode to a Nightingale" by John Keats. "The Sound of Night" by Maxine Kumin. "Aubade" by Philip Larkin. "L.A. Loiterings" by Larry Levis. "Pity me not" by Edna St. Vincent Millay. "Loves of the Parrots" by Joyce Carol Oates. "I Go Back to May 1937" by Sharon Olds. "The Victims" by Sharon Olds. "Wish You Were Here" by Robert Phillips. "A Work of Artifice" by Marge Piercy. "Mad Girl's Love Song" by Sylvia Plath. "Spinster" by Sylvia Plath. "Wuthering Heights" by Sylvia Plath. "To the Mercy Killers" by Dudley Randall. "Bells for John Whiteside's Daughter" by John Crowe Ransom. "Delta" by Adrienne Rich. "Dreamwood" by Adrienne Rich. "The Fact of a Doorframe" by Adrienne Rich. "Our Whole Life" by Adrienne Rich. "Nani" by Alberto Rios. "The Mill" by Edwin Arlington Robinson. "Mr. Flood's Party" by Edwin Arlington Robinson. "Richard Cory" by Edwin Arlington Robinson. "I knew a woman" by Theodore Roethke. "My Papa's Waltz" by Theodore Roethke. "Driftwood" by Sherod Santos. "The Abortion" by Anne Sexton. "Her Kind" by Anne Sexton. "Fear no more" by William Shakespeare. "Let me not to the marriage of true minds" by William Shakespeare. "The Fly" by Karl Shapiro. "Little Ode to the Wheelchair Boys" by Dave Smith. "The Youngest Daughter" by Cathy Song. "Small Town with One Road" by Gary Soto. "Telephone Conversation" by Wole Soyinka. "One day I wrote her name upon the strand" by Edmund Spenser. "The Death of a Soldier" by Wallace Stevens. "Disillusionment of Ten O''Clock" by Wallace Stevens. "The Snow Man" by Wallace Stevens. "Listening to My Mother's Comic Banter with Sackboys and Servers" by Leon Stokesbury. "Fern Hill" by Dylan Thomas. "Blurry Cow" by Chase Twichell. "Telephone Poles" by John Updike. "What the Motorcycle Said" by Mona Van Duyn". "The Virgins" by Derek Walcott. "When I Heard the Learn''d Astronomer" by Walt Whitman. "Danse Russe" by William Carlos Williams. "Poem" by William Carlos Williams. "Spring and All" by William Carlos Williams. "Henzey's Pond" by Ralph Tejeda Wilson. "Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802" by William Wordsworth. "I wandered lonely as a cloud" by William Wordsworth. "The Solitary Reaper" by William Wordsworth. "Portrait" by Judith Wright. "Sailing to Byzantium" by William Butler Yeats. "The Second Coming" by William Butler Yeats. "The Wild Swans at Coole" by William Butler Yeats. DRAMA THE ELEMENTS OF DRAMA. 1. The Nature of Drama. Reviewing Chapter One. Understanding and Evaluating Drama. "Trifles" by Susan Glaspell. "The Interview" by Joyce Carol Oates. "The Sandbox" by Edward Albee. "Time Flies" by David Ives. Suggestions for Writing. 2. Realistic and Nonrealistic Drama. Reviewing Chapter Two. "A Doll House" by Henrik Ibsen, translated by Otto Reinert. "The Glass Menagerie" by Tennessee Williams. "Los Vendidos" by Luis Valdes. Suggestions for Writing. 3. Tragedy and Comedy. Reviewing Chapter Three. "Oedipus Rex" by Sophocles, translated by Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald. "Othello, the Moor of Venice" by William Shakespeare. "Tartuffe, or The Impostor" by Moliere, translated by Richard Wilbur. "The Boor" by Anton Chekhov, translated by Avrahm Yarmolinsky. Suggestions for Writing. PLAYS FOR FURTHER READING. "Death of a Salesman" by Arthur Miller. "Fences" by August Wilson. "Oedi" by Rich Orloff. "For Whom the Southern Belle Tolls (or, ''The Further Adventures of Amanda and Her Children'')" by Christopher Durang. Glossary of Terms. Copyrights and Acknowledgements. Index of Authors, Titles, and First Lines.

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